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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (11): 1137-1150    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.11.1137
综述与评述     
古AO/NAO的研究进展
梁文癸, 闻新宇*
北京大学物理学院大气与海洋科学系 气候与海—
气实验室,北京 100871
An Overview of Paleo-AO/NAO Studies
Liang Wengui, Wen Xinyu*
Laboratory of Climate, Ocean and Atmosphere Studies, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Science, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
 全文: PDF(5812 KB)   HTML
摘要: 20世纪90年代中后期北大西洋涛动(NAO)年代际变率的发现与北极涛动(AO)概念的提出,引发了持续至今的古AO/NAO研究热潮。从观测和模拟两方面对多时间尺度的古AO/NAO研究进展做了系统的回顾与总结,包括近千年AO/NAO序列的重建,全新世AO/NAO变化趋势的争议,末次冰盛期AO/NAO振幅的减弱,末次间冰期AO/NAO的异常偏正,以及AO/NAO的气候平均态与振幅2个关键概念的区分。其中对不同时段AO/NAO的变化机理做了简要概括与讨论。在此基础上,建议在今后的古AO/NAO研究中,除了寻找时间更长、与AO/NAO显著相关的代用资料外,还要着力加强气候模拟方面的工作,特别是长时间瞬变模拟及对关键外强迫因子开展敏感性试验。只有将观测与数值模拟相结合,才可进一步增进对AO/NAO与气候背景间动力机制的理解。在过去20年间,气候学界对AO/NAO的广泛研究,对于理解全球变暖背景下AO/NAO的变化过程、并提高其可预报性都具有重要意义。
关键词: NAO末次冰盛期古气候全新世AO    
Abstract: The discovery of decadal variability of North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the introduction of Arctic oscillation (AO) concept have initiated a series of paleo-AO/NAO related studies since the mid-to-late 1990s. The progress and new findings of paleo-AO/NAO works after that time were comprehensively reviewed. The new results from the observations and modelings at four key timescales were summarized in detail: ①the reconstructions of the AO/NAO annual index over the past millennium; ②the debate on AO/NAO’s trend since early Holocene; ③the weakening of AO/NAO’s amplitude during the Last Glacial Maximum; and ④the anomalous positive phase of AO/NAO during the Last Interglacial. In addition, the possible mechanism for different timescales of AO/NAO is also summarized. Furthermore, the distinction between AO/NAO’ was mean state and amplitude, which were not explicitly separated in previous studies, were comprehensively discussed. Considering the current uncertainties related to paleo-AO/NAO studies, we encourage the community to search for more proxies having longer-than-10,000-year length with annual resolution around AO/NAO highly correlated regions. Another, we encourage long-term transient modeling on AO/NAO can be performed in order to improve our understanding of the dynamics and interaction between AO/NAO’s high-frequency variability and the climatological background, so as to further improve AO/NAO’s predictability on global warming context.
Key words: NAO    Last Glacial Maximum.    Paleoclimate    AO    Holocene
收稿日期: 2016-08-11 出版日期: 2016-11-20
:  P532  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“近21 000年地球气候演变的模拟研究”(编号:41130105)和“北半球冬季东太平洋波列的机理、变率及其它对区域和全球大气环流和气候变化的影响”(编号:41130962)资助
通讯作者: 闻新宇(1979-),男,江苏武进人,讲师,主要从事气候变化和气候模拟研究.E-mail:xwen@pku.edu.cn   
作者简介: 梁文癸(1991-),男,广东茂名人,硕士研究生,主要从事古气候与AO/NAO研究.E-mail:lemonadepku@gmail.com
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引用本文:

梁文癸, 闻新宇. 古AO/NAO的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(11): 1137-1150.

Liang Wengui, Wen Xinyu. An Overview of Paleo-AO/NAO Studies. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(11): 1137-1150.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.11.1137        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I11/1137

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