Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2015, Vol. 30 Issue (3): 357-366    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.03.0357
研究论文     
黑河流域年冻融指数及其时空变化特征分析
曹斌1, 张廷军1, *, 彭小清1, 郑雷1, 牟翠翠1, 王庆峰2
1 兰州大学资源环境学院, 甘肃兰州 730000; 2 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃兰州 730000
Spatial Variability of Freezing-thawing Index over the Heihe River Basin
Bin Cao1, Tingjun Zhang1, Xiaoqing Peng1, Lei Zheng1, Cuicui Mu1, Qingfeng Wang2
1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, 730000, China; 2. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
 全文: PDF(1674 KB)   HTML
摘要:

利用黑河流域气象站点的逐日平均温度数据计算空气及地表冻融指数,并分析其变化趋势以及空间分布。结果表明,黑河流域空气冻结指数、空气融化指数、地表冻结指数和地表融化指数变化范围依次为:673~2 135 ℃·d,1 028~4 177 ℃·d, 682~1 702 ℃·d,1 956~5 278 ℃·d;黑河流域冻结指数出现明显的下降趋势,其中空气冻结指数(1951—2007年)下降速率为56.0℃·d/10a,地表冻结指数(1954—2005年)下降速率为35.4 ℃·d/10a;融化指数表现为上升,其中空气融化指数(1951—2008年)整体以每年47.8 ℃·d/10a的速率上升,地表融化指数在1954—1975年以135.9 ℃·d/10a的速率下降,在1976—2006年以185.3 ℃·d/10a的速率上升;黑河流域各站点冻结指数受海拔及纬度双重影响,而融化指数则主要受海拔影响;年平均气温与冻融指数有非常强的线性关系。

关键词: 冻融指数黑河流域气候变化冻土    
Abstract:

Air and ground freezing thawing index for stations in the Heihe River Basin were calculated based on daily mean temperature, and its variation characteristics and time series were analyzed. The results showed that, the freeing index over the Heihe River Basin were influenced by elevation and latitude while the thawing index mainly influenced by elevation;air freezing-thawing index and surface freezing-thawing index ranges were 673~2 135℃·d,1 028~4 177 ℃·d,682~1 702 ℃·d,1 956~5 278 ℃·d, respectively; freezing index exhibited decreasing trend and the slopes of air freezing index (1951—2007) and surface freezing index (1954—2005) were -56.0 ℃·d /10a and -35.4 ℃·d /10a; thawing index increased and the liner tendency of air thawing index was 47.8 ℃·d/10a during 1951—2008; surface thawing index decreased during 1954—1975 with a rate of -135.9 ℃·d /10a and increased during 1976—2006 with a rate of 185.3 ℃·d /10a. Freezing index was influenced by both elevation and latitude while thawing index was mainly controlled by elevation in the Heihe River Basin. We also found that there was a strong liner relationship between mean annual air temperature and freezing-thawing index.

Key words: Frozen ground    Climate change.    Heihe River Basin    Freezing-thawing index
出版日期: 2015-03-20
ZTFLH:  P642.14  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重大研究计划“黑河流域生态—水文过程集成研究”重点支持项目“黑河上游多年冻土区地表水、地下水过程及其效应研究”(编号:91325202)资助

通讯作者: 通讯作者:张廷军(1957-),男,甘肃庆阳人,教授,主要从事冰冻圈科学研究.      E-mail: jzhang@lzu.edu.cn
作者简介: 作者简介:曹斌(1989-),男,江苏江阴人,博士研究生,主要从事冻土与气候变化研究. E-mail: caob08@lzu.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
曹斌
张廷军
彭小清
郑雷
牟翠翠
王庆峰

引用本文:

曹斌, 张廷军, 彭小清, 郑雷, 牟翠翠, 王庆峰. 黑河流域年冻融指数及其时空变化特征分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2015, 30(3): 357-366.

Bin Cao, Tingjun Zhang, Xiaoqing Peng, Lei Zheng, Cuicui Mu, Qingfeng Wang. Spatial Variability of Freezing-thawing Index over the Heihe River Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2015, 30(3): 357-366.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2015.03.0357        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2015/V30/I3/357

[1] Solomon Susan. Climate Change 2007—The Physical Science Basis: Working Group I Contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.
[2] Nakawo Masayoshi, Fujita Koji, Ageta Yutaka, et al . Basic studies for assessing the impacts of the global warming on the Himalayan cryosphere, 1994-1996[J]. Bulletin of Glacier Research, 1997,(15): 53-58.
[3] He Yong, Wu Yongfeng, Liu Qiufeng. Vulnerability assessment of areas affected by Chinese cryospheric changes in future climate change scenarios[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2012, 57(36): 4 784-4 790.
[4] Humbert Angelika. Cryospheric science: Vulnerable ice in the Weddell Sea[J]. Nature Geoscience, 2012,5(6):370-371.
[5] Overduin P P, Westermann S, Yoshikawa K, et al . Geoelectric observations of the degradation of nearshore submarine permafrost at Barrow (Alaskan Beaufort Sea)[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface(2003-2012), 2012, 117(F2):F02004,doi:10.129/2011JF002088.
[6] Zhang Tingjun. Progress in global permafrost and climate change studies[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 32(1): 27-38.[张廷军. 全球多年冻土与气候变化研究进展[J]. 第四纪研究, 2012, 32(1): 27-38.]
[7] Zhou Youwu. Geocryology in China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2000.[周幼吾. 中国冻土[M]. 北京:科学出版社, 2000.]
[8] Wu Qingbai, Liu Yongzhi. Ground temperature monitoring and its recent change in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 2004, 38(2): 85-92.
[9] Charles H, Arenson L U, Christiansen H, et al . Permafrost and climate in Europe: Monitoring and modelling thermal, geomorphological and geotechnical responses[J]. Earth-Science Reviews, 2009, 92(3): 117-171.
[10] Wu Qingbai, Zhang Tingjun, Liu Yongzhi. Permafrost temperatures and thickness on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. Global and Planetary Change, 2010, 72(1): 32-38.
[11] Yang Meixue, Nelson Frederick E, Shiklomanov N I, et al . Permafrost degradation and its environmental effects on the Tibetan Plateau: A review of recent research[J]. Earth-Science Reviews, 2010, 103(1): 31-44.
[12] Cheng Guodong, Wu Tonghua. Responses of permafrost to climate change and their environmental significance,Qinghai-Tibet Plateau[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2007, 112(F2): F02S3,doi:10.1029/2006JF000631.
[13] Rowland J C, Jones C E, Altmann G, et al . Arctic landscapes in transition: Responses to thawing permafrost[J]. Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, 2010, 91(26): 229-230.
[14] Schuur Edward A G, Vogel Jason G, Crummer Kathryn G, et al . The effect of permafrost thaw on old carbon release and net carbon exchange from tundra[J]. Nature, 2009, 459(7 246): 556-559.
[15] Schaefer K, Zhang Tingjun, Bruhwiler Lon, et al . Amount and timing of permafrost carbon release in response to climate warming[J]. Tellus Series B—Chemical and Physical Meteorology, 2011, 63(2): 165-180.
[16] DeConto Robert M, Galeotti Simone, Pagani Mark, et al . Past extreme warming events linked to massive carbon release from thawing permafrost[J]. Nature, 2012, 484(7 392): 87-91.
[17] Hartman Charles W, Johnson Philip R. Environmental Atlas of Alaska[M]. Washington: University of Washington Press, 1984.
[18] Sturm Matthew, Holmgren J, Liston G E. A seasonal snow cover classi-cation system for local to global applications[J]. Journal of Climate, 1995, 8(5): 1 261-1 283.
[19] Frauenfeld Oliver W, Zhang Tingjun, Mccreight James L. Northern hemisphere freezing/thawing index variations over the twentieth century[J]. International Journal of Climatology, 2007, 27(1): 47-63.
[20] Nelson Frederick E, Outcalt Samuel I. A computational method for prediction and regionalization of permafrost[J]. Arctic and Alpine Research, 1987,19(3): 279-288.
[21] Steurer P M, Crandell J H. Comparison of methods used to create estimate of air-freezing index[J]. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 1995, 9(2): 64-74.
[22] Steurer P. Probability distributions used in 100-year return period of air-freezing index[J]. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 1996, 10(1): 25-35.
[23] Zhang Tingjun, Frauenfeld Oliver, Mccreight J, et al . Northern Hemisphere EASE-Grid Annual Freezing and Thawing Indices, 1901-2002[EB/OL]. Boulder, CO: National Snow and Ice Data Center/World Data Center for Glaciology.[2015-03-03].http://nsidc.org/data/GGD649.
[24] Jiang Fengqing, Hu Ruji, Li Zhen. Variation trends of the freezing and thawing index along the Qinghai-Xizang Railway for the period 1966-2004[J]. Acta Geographica Sinica, 2007, 62(9): 935-945.[姜逢清,胡汝骥,李珍. 青藏铁路沿线1966-2004年冻结与融化指数的变化趋势[J]. 地理学报, 2007, 62(9): 935-945.]
[25] Zhao Hongyan, Jiang Hao, Wang Keli, et al . The surface thawing-freezing indexs along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway:Analysis and calculation[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2008, 30(4): 617-622.[赵红岩, 江灏 ,王可丽, 等. 青藏铁路沿线地表融冻指数的计算分析[J]. 冰川冻土, 2008, 30(4): 617-622.]
[26] Jiang Hao, Wang Dayong, Cheng Guodong, et al . A prediction for temperature and thawing-freezing index of roadbed along the Qinghai-Tibet Railway[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2008, 30(5): 855-859.[江灏, 王大勇, 程国栋, 等. 青藏铁路路基表面温度及融冻指数预测[J]. 冰川冻土, 2008, 30(5): 855-859.]
[27] Wang Genxu, Cheng Guodong. Land desertification statusand developing trend in the Heihe River Basin[J]. Journal of Desert Research,1999, (4):368-375.[王根绪,程国栋. 黑河流域土地荒漠化及其变化趋势[J]. 中国沙漠, 1999, (4):368-375.]
[28] Wang Qingfeng, Zhang Tingjun, Wu Jichun, et al . Investigation on permafrost distribution over the upper rechaes of Heihe River in the Qilian Mountains[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2013, 35(1): 19-29.[王庆峰, 张廷军, 吴吉春, 等. 祁连山区黑河上游多年冻土分布考察[J]. 冰川冻土, 2013, 35(1): 19-29.]
[29] Peng Xiaoqing, Zhang Tingjun, Pan Xiaoduo, et al . Spatial and temporal variations of seasonally frozen ground over the Heihe River Basin of Qilian Mountain in Western China[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(4): 497-508.[彭小清, 张廷军, 潘小多, 等. 祁连山区黑河流域季节冻土时空变化研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(4): 497-508.]
[30] Li Zhanling, Xu Zongxue. Detection of change points in temperature and precipitation time series in the Heihe River Basin over the past 50 years[J]. Resources Science, 2011, 33(10):1 877-1 882.[李占玲, 徐宗学. 近50年来黑河流域气温和降水量突变特征分析[J]. 资源科学, 2011, 33(10):1 877-1 882.]
[31] Zhang Kai, Wang Runyuan, Han Haitao, et al . Hydrological and water resources effects under climate change in Heihe River Basin[J]. Resources Science, 2007, 29(1):77-83.[张凯, 王润元, 韩海涛, 等. 黑河流域气候变化的水文水资源效应[J]. 资源科学, 2007, 29(1):77-83.]
[32] Li Changbin, Li Wenyan, Wang Xiongshi, et al . Characteristic changes in air temperature, precipitation and mountain runoff in the past 50 years in the middle and western reaches of Heihe River Basin[J]. Journal of Lanzhou University (Natural Sciences), 2011, 47(4):7-12.[李常斌,李文艳,王雄师, 等. 黑河流域中、西部水系近50年来气温 降水 径流变化特征[J]. 兰州大学学报:自然科学版, 2011, 47(4):7-12.]
[33] Li Haiyan, Wang Keli, Jiang Hao, et al . Study of the preciption in the Heihe River Basin: Progress and prospect[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Cryology, 2009,31(2):334-341.[李海燕, 王可丽, 江灏, 等. 黑河流域降水的研究进展与展望[J]. 冰川冻土, 2009, 31(2):334-341.]
[34] Ma Ning, Wang Naiang, Wang Penglong, et al . Temporal and spatial variation characteristics and quantification of the affect factors for reference evapotranspiration in Heihe River Basin[J]. Journal of Natural Resources, 2012, 27(6): 975-989.[马宁, 王乃昂, 王鹏龙, 等. 黑河流域参考蒸散量的时空变化特征及影响因素的定量分析[J]. 自然资源学报, 2012, 27(6): 975-989.]
[35] Kerkering J. Mapping Past and Future Permafrost Extent on the North Slope Borough, Alaska[D].Durham: Duke University, 2008.
[36] Mu Cuicui, Zhang Tingjun, Cao Bin, et al . Study of the organic carbon storage in the active layer of permafrost over the Eboling Mountain in the upper reaches of the Heihe River Basin in the Easternd Qilian Mountains[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2013, 35(1): 1-9.[牟翠翠, 张廷军, 曹斌, 等. 祁连山区黑河上游俄博岭多年冻土区活动层碳储量研究[J]. 冰川冻土, 2013, 35(1): 1-9.]
[37] Frauenfeld O W, Davis R E. Northern hemisphere circumpolar vortex trends and climate change implications[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2003, 108(D14): 4 423.

[1] 刘鸣彦,孙凤华,侯依玲,赵春雨,周晓宇. 基于HBV模型的太子河流域径流变化情景预估[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(6): 650-659.
[2] 王思佳,刘鹄,赵文智,李中恺. 干旱、半干旱区地下水可持续性研究评述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(2): 210-223.
[3] 汤秋鸿,刘星才,李哲,运晓博,张学君,于强,李俊,张永勇,崔惠娟,孙思奥,张弛,唐寅,冷国勇. 陆地水循环过程的综合集成与模拟[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(2): 115-123.
[4] 宁晓菊,张丽君,秦耀辰,刘凯. 60年来我国主要粮食作物适宜生长区的时空分布[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(2): 191-201.
[5] 张晓闻, 臧淑英, 孙丽. 近40年东北地区积雪日数时空变化特征及其与气候要素的关系[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(9): 958-968.
[6] 潘留杰, 张宏芳. NEX-BCC模式对秦岭及周边地区气候变化的模拟及预估[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(9): 933-944.
[7] 李宁, 刘丽, 张正涛, 冯介玲, 陈曦, 白扣. 气候变化经济影响研究热点的足迹可视化:整合被引文献和突现词[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(8): 865-873.
[8] 刘鹄, 赵文智, 李中恺. 地下水依赖型生态系统生态水文研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(7): 741-750.
[9] 牛富俊, 王玮, 林战举, 罗京. 青藏高原多年冻土区热喀斯特湖环境及水文学效应研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(4): 335-342.
[10] 孙志忠, 马巍, 穆彦虎, 刘永智, 张淑娟, 王宏磊. 青藏铁路沿线天然场地多年冻土变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(3): 248-256.
[11] 丁之勇, 鲁瑞洁, 刘畅, 段晨曦. 环青海湖地区气候变化特征及其季风环流因素[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(3): 281-293.
[12] 令锋, 张廷军. 热卡斯特湖对多年冻土热状况长期作用的数值模拟研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(2): 115-130.
[13] 黄存瑞, 王琼. 气候变化健康风险评估、早期信号捕捉及应对策略研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(11): 1105-1111.
[14] 黄平, 周士杰. 全球变暖下热带降水变化研究回顾与挑战*[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(11): 1181-1192.
[15] 曲建升, 肖仙桃, 曾静静. 国际气候变化科学百年研究态势分析*[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(11): 1193-1202.