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地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (4): 398-412    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.04.0398
综述与评述     
南大洋物理过程在全球气候系统中的作用
马浩1, 2, 3,王召民4,史久新2
1. 浙江省气候中心, 浙江杭州310017; 2. 中国海洋大学物理海洋教育部重点实验室, 山东青岛266100;
3. 中国海洋大学海洋—大气相互作用与气候实验室, 山东青岛266100;
4. 南京信息工程大学海洋科学学院, 江苏南京210044
The Role of the Southern Ocean Physical Processes in Global Climate System
Ma Hao1, 2, 3, Wang Zhaomin4, Shi Jiuxin2
1. Zhejiang Province Climate Center, Hangzhou310017, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Physical Oceanography, Ministry of Education, Ocean University of China, Qingdao266100, China;
3. Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction and Climate Laboratory, Ocean University of China, Qingdao266100, China;
4.School of Marine Sciences,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing210044,China
 全文: PDF(788 KB)  
摘要:

南大洋是全球面积最大的一个大洋。传统观点倾向于认为由于南大洋与北半球相距遥远而与北半球气候系统关系不大,其全球性气候效应也较弱,这主要是由于以往对南大洋的了解不足。随着观测分析、数值模拟与理论研究的加强,以及对南大洋的认识不断加深,南大洋的气候效应日益凸显。从南极底层水、南极绕极流、南大洋海冰、南大洋与热带之间的遥相关、以及南大洋对气候变化的响应等多个角度梳理了南大洋物理过程特别是动力过程在全球气候系统中的作用,较为完整地总结了对南大洋气候效应的已有认识,并结合南大洋研究现状对未来有价值的科学问题和潜在的研究热点进行了探讨,以期强调南大洋在全球气候系统中的重要地位,推动南大洋研究不断走向深入。

关键词: 南大洋 动力过程南极底层水南极绕极流海冰气候变化    
Abstract:

The Southern Ocean (SO) is the largest ocean in the world. Due to the lack of understanding, traditional viewpoints tend to consider that the SO has little relationship with the climate of the Northern Hemisphere (NH) and thus very weak global climatic impacts because it appears too far away from the NH. With the improvement of observational analyses, numerical simulations and theoretical investigations, and our increasing knowledge about the SO, worldwide climatic impacts of the SO have gradually become prominent. In this paper, we review the role of SO physical processes especially dynamic processes in global climate system by discussing the influences of the Antarctic Bottom Water, the Antarctic Circumpolar Current, sea ice in the SO, and Antarctictropics teleconnections as well as the response of the SO to global warming. We try to completely summarize the understandings of the SO′s climatic impacts. Additionally, based on the research level of the SO, some valuable scientific issues and potential research topics in future studies are also discussed in order to emphasize the role of the SO in global climate and push the study of the SO to move forward.

Key words: Southern Ocean    Dynamic processes    Antarctic Bottom Water    Antarctic Circumpolar Current    Sea ice    Climate change
收稿日期: 2011-10-17 出版日期: 2012-04-10
:  P731.2  
基金资助:

国家高技术研究发展计划项目“极区海冰与海洋过程遥感监测技术”(编号:2006BAB18B02);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“南大洋海—冰—气相互作用及其对南印度洋的影响”(编号:2010CB950301);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划“南北极海冰长期变化趋势差异的海洋动力学分析研究”(编号:NCET-10-0720)资助.

通讯作者: 马浩(1984-),男,安徽合肥人,博士研究生,主要从事海—气相互作用、气候变化和短期气候预测研究.      E-mail: mahao20032003@yahoo.com.cn
作者简介: 马浩(1984-),男,安徽合肥人,博士研究生,主要从事海—气相互作用、气候变化和短期气候预测研究.E-mail:mahao20032003@yahoo.com.cn
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马浩,王召民,史久新. 南大洋物理过程在全球气候系统中的作用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(4): 398-412.

Ma Hao, Wang Zhaomin, Shi Jiuxin. The Role of the Southern Ocean Physical Processes in Global Climate System. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(4): 398-412.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.04.0398        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I4/398

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