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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (6): 605-616    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0605
综述与评述     
大洋橄榄岩的蛇纹石化研究进展评述
汪小妹1,2,曾志刚1,欧阳荷根1,2,殷学博1,王晓媛1,陈帅1,2,张国良1,2,武力1,2
1. 中国科学院海洋研究所海洋地质与环境重点实验室,山东 青岛 266071;
2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
Review of Progress in Serpentinization Research of Oceanic Peridotites
Wang Xiaomei1,2, Zeng Zhigang1, OuYang Hegen1,2, Wang Xiaoyuan1, Chen Shuai1,Zhang Guoliang1,2, Wu Li1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Marine Geology and Environment, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao, Shandong 266071, China;
2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijng 100049, China  
 全文: PDF(1364 KB)  
摘要:

橄榄岩的蛇纹石化是大洋中不可忽略的重要地质过程,近年来引起广泛关注。大洋橄榄岩的蛇纹石化主要发生在洋中脊和汇聚板块边缘等环境中,大洋蛇纹岩典型的矿物组合包括:蛇纹石±磁铁矿±滑石±水镁石±角闪石。其中蛇纹石根据其矿物的晶体结构特征可分为利蛇纹石、纤蛇纹石和叶蛇纹石3种类型;偏光显微镜下可将蛇纹石结构划分为3类:假晶结构、非假晶结构和过渡结构。橄榄岩的蛇纹石化不仅会改变岩石的物理性质,如导致岩石密度的减小和地震波速的降低、影响橄榄岩的磁性等,而且也会对橄榄岩的流变性产生重要影响。大洋超基性岩系热液系统的发现,进一步激发了研究者们对大洋橄榄岩蛇纹石化研究的兴趣。与橄榄岩蛇纹石化相关的喷口流体含有较高的H2和CH4含量,此外,蛇纹石化是一个放热反应,可以驱动热液循环,导致Lost City等中低温型热液系统的出现。

关键词: 橄榄岩蛇纹石化矿物岩石物理性质热液系统    
Abstract:

Serpentinization of peridotites is a non-negligibly important geologic process in the oceans, which has attracted widespread attention in recent years. Serpentinization of the oceanic peridotites occurred largely in tectonic settings of mid-ocean ridges and convergent margins. A typical abyssal serpentinite is made up of serpentine minerals ± magnetite ± talc ± brucite ±amphibole. The three dominant species of serpentine minerals are lizardite, chrysotile and antigorite. Serpentine textures under the polarizing microscope can be divided into three categories: pseudomorphic textures, non-pseudomorphic textures and transitional textures. The physical properties of abyssal peridotites are strongly modified by serpentinization: serpentinization is responsible for a strong decrease in density and seismic velocities, furthermore, the magnetic properties of peridotites are also strongly affected by serpentinization; in addition, serpentinization of peridotites also changes the rheology of the altered rocks. The discovery of ultramafic hosted hydrothermal systems further arouses the interest of researchers in serpentinization of oceanic peridotites. Vent fluids associated with serpentinization of peridotites contain high concentrations of H2 and CH4. Serpentinization is an exothermic reaction and can drive hydrothermal circulation, resulting in the occurrence of low-medium temperature hydrothermal system like Lost City.

Key words: Peridotite    Serpentinization    Mineral    Petrophysical property    Hydrothermal system
收稿日期: 2009-06-22 出版日期: 2010-06-10
:  P583  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“西太平洋典型热液/冷泉系统与微生物生命过程”(编号:KZCX2-YW-211);国家自然科学基金项目“东太平洋海隆13°N附近热液产物的化学组成变化及其控制因素研究”(编号:40830849)和“台湾龟山岛附近海域热液流体及其来源初步研究”(编号: 40906029)资助

通讯作者: 汪小妹     E-mail: wangxiaomei2001@126.com
作者简介: 汪小妹(1982-),女,湖北黄冈人,博士研究生,主要从事岩石学、海洋地球化学研究. E-mail:wangxiaomei2001@126.com
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汪小妹,曾志刚,欧阳荷根,殷学博,王晓媛,陈帅,张国良,武力. 大洋橄榄岩的蛇纹石化研究进展评述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(6): 605-616.

Wang Xiaomei,Zeng Zhigang,OuYang Hegen,Wang Xiaoyuan,Chen Shuai,Zhang Guolinag. Review of Progress in Serpentinization Research of Oceanic Peridotites. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(6): 605-616.

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http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0605        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I6/605

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