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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (6): 597-604    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0597
综述与评述     
页岩气的赋存形式研究及其石油地质意义
张雪芬1,陆现彩1*,张林晔2,刘庆2
1.内生金属矿床成矿机制国家重点实验室,南京大学地球科学与工程学院,江苏 南京 210093;2. 胜利油田地质科学研究院, 山东 东营 257015
Occurrences of Shale Gas and Their Petroleum Geological Significance 
Zhang Xuefeng1,Lu Xiancai1, Zhang Linye2,Liu Qing2
1. State Key Laboratory for Mineral Deposits Research, School of Earth Sciences and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China;
2. Geological Science Research Institute of Shengli Oilfield, Dongying 257015, China
 全文: PDF(1335 KB)  
摘要:

页岩气是以游离、吸附和溶解状态赋存于暗色泥页岩中的天然气,其赋存形式具有多样性,但以游离态和吸附态为主,溶解态仅少量存在。综述了页岩气的赋存形式及其影响因素,包括页岩气成因、页岩的物质组成(有机碳含量、矿物成分、岩石含水量)、岩石结构(孔隙度、渗透率)和温度、压力等。认识影响不同形式页岩气赋存量的地质因素,有助于利用容积法评估页岩气地质储量的水平,因为游离态页岩气的含量取决于页岩的有效孔隙度和含气饱和度,而吸附态页岩气的含量则受页岩的气体吸附能力影响。认为发展页岩孔隙结构表征技术,研究页岩气在粘土矿物表面和纳米孔隙中的吸附行为,可以进一步了解不同地质条件下页岩气的赋存形式,并为页岩气的资源评价提供更为准确的参数,因此它们将是页岩气下一步研究的重点之一。

关键词: 页岩气赋存形式地质储量粘土矿物纳米孔隙    
Abstract:

As  unconventional  gas resources, shale gas is mainly consistent of the free, adsorbed and dissolved gas accumulated in dark shale beds. Among these occurrences, adsorbed and free gases are the dominated phases. The occurrence of shale gas and various influence factors, such as gas component, material composition (sedimental organic carbon, mineral components, and water saturation), rock texture (porosity, pore structure, and permeability), temperature and pressure, are summarized and evaluated based on previous geological and experimental studies. Because effective porosity and gas saturation are the key factors determining the reserves of free gas, and gas adsorption capacity of shale is the maxium limit of the content of adsorbed gas, it is important to disclose the occurences of shale gas and evaluate potential influencing factors, which will improve the reliability of resource assessment based on volumetric method. Development of new characterization techniques of nanopores structure of shale, and study on the adsorption behaviors of metane on clay surface and in nano-pores under various geological conditions should be carried out urgently to promote the understandings of the occurrences of shale gas, and to acquire reliable parameters used in resource assessment.

Key words:  Shale gas    Occurrence form    Reserve    Clay minerals    Nano-pore.
收稿日期: 2009-10-20 出版日期: 2010-06-10
:  P618.13  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“泥质烃源岩中纳米孔隙的成岩演化特征及其排烃意义”(编号:40673041)和“泥质烃源岩中粘土矿物—典型油气分子相互作用的微观机制及其油气地质学意义”(编号:40973029)资助.

通讯作者: 陆现彩(1972-),男,山东嘉祥人,教授,主要从事含油气系统的地球化学过程以及表面矿物学研究.     E-mail: xcljun@nju.edu.cn
作者简介: 张雪芬(1982-),女,浙江诸暨人,博士研究生,主要从事石油地质学研究. E-mail:xfz8202@126.com
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引用本文:

张雪芬,陆现彩,张林晔,刘庆. 页岩气的赋存形式研究及其石油地质意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(6): 597-604.

Zhang Xuefeng,Lu Xiancai,Zhang Linye,Liu Qing. Occurrences of Shale Gas and Their Petroleum Geological Significance . Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(6): 597-604.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0597        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I6/597

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