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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (9): 952-958    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.09.0952
研究论文     
长江流域河水和悬浮物的锂同位素地球化学研究
汪齐连1,2,刘丛强1,赵志琦1,B.Chetelat1,丁虎1,2
1.中国科学院地球化学研究所 环境地球化学国家重点实验室,贵州 贵阳 550002;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
Lithium Isotopic Composition of the Dissolved and Suspended Loads of the Yangtze River,China
Wang Qilian1,2,Liu Congqiang1,Zhao Zhiqi1,Chetelat Benjami1,Ding Hu1,2
1.State Key Laboratory of Environment Geochemistry,Institute of Geochemistry,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Guiyang 550002,China;2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100039,China
 全文: PDF(1640 KB)  
摘要:

深入理解流域侵蚀过程中的锂同位素分馏对于运用锂同位素来示踪化学循环和气候变化是十分必要的。研究集中在长江干流和主要支流的水体和悬浮物的锂及锂同位素组成。长江流域水体的锂及锂同位素组成(δ7Li)分别为150~4 570 nmol/L和+7.6‰~+28.1‰,两者沿上游至下游的变化趋势相反。悬浮物锂同位素组成(δ7Li)变化比较稳定,分别为41~92 μg/g和-4.7‰~+0.7‰,而且总是低于相应水体的锂同位素组成。悬浮物和流体之间的锂同位素分馏系数在0.977和0.992之间,与悬浮物的量及组成存在明显相关性,反映了粘土矿物的吸附和化学风化的程度。锂含量与锂同位素组成之间良好的负相关性表明流域水体的锂来自2个端元混合:其一可能是蒸发盐岩,并伴有深部热泉水;其二可能是硅酸岩。

关键词: 锂同位素同位素分馏粘土矿物化学风化来源    
Abstract:

A comprehensive understanding of lithium-isotope fractionation during terrestrial weathering is necessary in order to use lithium isotopes to trace chemical cycle and climatic changes. This study investigates lithium and lithium isotopic composition in the main tributaries and the main Yangtze river channel. The concentrations and isotopic compositions (δ7Li) of dissolved Li in the Yangtze river are in the range of 150n mol/L~4570n mol/L and in the range of +7.6‰~+28.1‰ respectively. Lithium isotopic compositions (δ7Li) of the suspended matter are relatively stable (-4.7‰~+0.7‰), and lighter than those of dissolved Li in the Yangtze river. Isotopic fractionation factors of between dissolved and suspended loads range from 0.977 to 0.992, and are corrected with the concentration and chemical composition of suspended matter in the Yangtze river main channel. This should reflect the adsorption of clay mineral and the degree of chemical weathering. The positive relationship between δ7Li and 1/Li for the dissolved load shows that the dissolved lithium probably has two main sources. One may be evaporites with some thermal spring, and another one may be silicates.

Key words: Lithium isotopes    Isotopic fractionation    Clay mineral    Chemical weathering    Origin.
收稿日期: 2008-04-21 出版日期: 2008-09-10
:  P618.71  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“乌江水能开发对流域水环境影响的因素辨识及其表征体系研究”(编号:90610037);国家自然科学基金面上项目“流域侵蚀过程的锂同位素分馏”(编号:40773006)资助.

通讯作者: 刘丛强(1955-),男,贵州遵义人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事地表地球化学过程及其环境效应方面的研究.     E-mail: liucongqiang@vip.skleg.cn
作者简介: 汪齐连(1980-),女,四川成都人,博士研究生,主要从事同位素地球化学研究.E-mail:wangqilian80@126.com
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引用本文:

汪齐连,刘丛强,赵志琦,B.Chetelat,丁虎. 长江流域河水和悬浮物的锂同位素地球化学研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(9): 952-958.

Wang Qilian,Liu Congqiang,Zhao Zhiqi,Chetelat Benjami,Ding Hu. Lithium Isotopic Composition of the Dissolved and Suspended Loads of the Yangtze River,China. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(9): 952-958.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.09.0952        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I9/952

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