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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (10): 1158-1166    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.10.1158
综述与评述     
环境同位素在黑河流域水循环研究中的应用
胡玥1, 刘传琨1, 卢粤晗2, 刘杰1, 郑春苗1, 2, *
1. 北京大学工学院水资源研究中心,北京 100871; 2. 美国阿拉巴马大学地质科学系,塔斯卡卢萨,阿拉巴马 35487
Application of Environmental Isotopes in Understanding Hydrological Processes of the Heihe River Basin
Hu Yue1, Liu Chuankun1, Lu Yuehan2, Liu Jie1, Zheng Chunmiao1, 2
1. Center for Water Research, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China; 2. Department of Geological Science, the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama 35487,USA
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摘要:

为了解不同时空尺度上黑河流域水循环机制,总结了近年来黑河流域进行的氘氧稳定同位素以及氚、碳和氡放射性同位素研究(2H,18O,3H,14C,222Rn),得到各类水体(降水、河水、地下水)采样点的分布及分析结果。稳定同位素结果表明上游山区降水是全流域主要的水资源产生区,中游地表—地下水交互频繁,下游浅层地下水主要接受河水补给,深层地下水则相对封闭。放射性同位素也表明下游浅层地下水年龄小于深层,与稳定同位素结果相符。总体来说,环境同位素对黑河流域的水循环研究还处于定性研究阶段。今后研究方向应致力于丰富采样的时空尺度, 同时采用多种同位素并结合其他地球化学指标以定量研究结果,并将结果应用于水文数学模型的构建和校正。

关键词: 黑河地表&#x02014地下水交换地下水年龄补给来源同位素    
Abstract:

Recent studies using environmental isotopes (2H, 3H, 14C, 18O, and 222Rn) were summarized to trace hydrological processes in the Heihe River Basin (HRB). Isotopic values from various types of waters (i.e., precipitation, surface water, and groundwater) at multiple spatiotemporal scales within the basin have been synthesized. The measurements of δD and δ18O values show that: precipitation in the upper-basin constitutes the primary source for surface water and shallow groundwater in the HRB; frequent surface water-shallow groundwater exchanges take place mainly in the middle HRB; and in the lower HRB, shallow groundwater is recharged primarily by river water while deep groundwater is largely isolated from modern recharge sources. This finding for the lower HRB is further confirmed by 14C and 3H measurements, which demonstrate that shallow, unconfined groundwater is younger than deep, confined groundwater. Future research should be focused more on increasing sampling resolution in time and space, utilizing multiple isotopes in tandem with other geochemical tracers for more quantitative research, as well as integrating results from isotope-based, geochemical investigations into construction and calibration of numerical models.

Key words: Groundwater age    Environmental isotope    Groundwater recharge sources    Surface water-groundwater interactions    Heihe River Basin
收稿日期: 2014-06-27 出版日期: 2014-10-20
:  P339  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金黑河重大研究计划集成项目“黑河流域中下游生态水文过程的系统行为与调控研究”(编号:91225301); 国家自然科学基金黑河重大研究计划重点项目“黑河流域地表水与地下水相互转化的观测与机制研究”(编号:91025019)资助

通讯作者: 郑春苗(1962-),男,福建闽侯人,教授,主要从事地下水模拟、流域水资源可持续利用管理、流域生态水文过程等研究.     E-mail: czheng@pku.edu.cn
作者简介: 作者简介:胡玥(1990-),女,重庆人,博士研究生,主要从事地下水同位素和水化学研究.E-mail:huyue0519@126.com
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引用本文:

胡玥, 刘传琨, 卢粤晗, 刘杰, 郑春苗. 环境同位素在黑河流域水循环研究中的应用[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(10): 1158-1166.

Hu Yue, Liu Chuankun, Lu Yuehan, Liu Jie, Zheng Chunmiao. Application of Environmental Isotopes in Understanding Hydrological Processes of the Heihe River Basin. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(10): 1158-1166.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.10.1158        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I10/1158

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