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地球科学进展  2020, Vol. 35 Issue (2): 167-179    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2020.012
综述与评述     
海洋氮循环中稳定氮同位素变化与地质记录研究进展
朱艳宸(),李丽(),王鹏,贺娟,贾国东
海洋地质国家重点实验室 海洋与地球科学学院 同济大学,上海 200092
Progress in the Study of Marine Stable Nitrogen Isotopic Changes and Its Geological Records
Yanchen Zhu(),Li Li(),Peng Wang,Juan He,Guodong Jia
State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China
 全文: PDF(2787 KB)   RICH HTML
摘要:

海洋氮稳定同位素信号包含了关键的生物地球化学信息,是辨识海洋氮来源、了解海洋氮循环过程的重要途径和手段,该信号通过海洋沉降传递可保存在海洋沉积物中,用以追溯地质历史时期海洋系统中的生物地球化学循环和海洋环境演变。近几十年的研究表明,固氮作用和反硝化作用在海洋氮循环中发挥着关键作用,但海洋环境的时空多变、海洋氮循环过程和物质来源复杂,未来需要结合现代观测、地质记录,综合海洋、生物、地质多个学科,考虑水文环境、地质过程和气候演变等多种因素,才能深刻理解海洋氮循环和气候、环境变化的耦合关系。

关键词: 稳定氮同位素硝酸盐颗粒氮海洋沉积物古海洋记录    
Abstract:

Marine stable nitrogen isotope containing much key biogeochemical information, is an important way in identifying marine nitrogen sources and understanding the marine nitrogen cycles. These isotopic signals can be preserved in marine sediments and used to trace the marine biogeochemical cycles and environment changes during geological history. Studies in recent decades have illustrated the key role of nitrogen fixation and denitrification. Because of the spatiotemporal variability and the complexity of ocean processes and nitrogen sources in the marine environment, we need to combine the modern observations with geological records, integrate oceanography, biology, and geology, and consider the hydrological environment, geological processes and climate changes, to understand the coupling between the ocean nitrogen cycle, climate and environmental changes.

Key words: Stable nitrogen isotope    Nitrate    Particulate nitrogen    Marine sediments    Paleoceanography records
收稿日期: 2019-09-23 出版日期: 2020-03-24
ZTFLH:  P736.4  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“南海沉积物中支链四醚膜脂的组成和碳同位素特征及其对古气候研究的启示”(41673042);“珠江口深古菌(Bathyarchaeota┫碳源利用特征研究”┣41776134)
通信作者: 李丽     E-mail: 1731659@tongji.edu.cn;lilitju@tongji.edu.cn
作者简介: 朱艳宸(1994-),女,江苏扬州人,硕士研究生,主要从事海洋生物地球化学和古气候研究. E-mail:1731659@tongji.edu.cn
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引用本文:

朱艳宸,李丽,王鹏,贺娟,贾国东. 海洋氮循环中稳定氮同位素变化与地质记录研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(2): 167-179.

Yanchen Zhu,Li Li,Peng Wang,Juan He,Guodong Jia. Progress in the Study of Marine Stable Nitrogen Isotopic Changes and Its Geological Records. Advances in Earth Science, 2020, 35(2): 167-179.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2020.012        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2020/V35/I2/167

图1  海洋环境中的典型稳定氮同位素变化(据参考文献[2,3,4,5,6]修改)
图2  不同海域垂向硝酸盐含量(空心圆圈)、硝酸盐(实心圆圈)及颗粒物(蓝色实心三角)稳定氮同位素变化模式(据参考文献[15,16,17,18]修改)
图3  全球不同大洋沉降颗粒(矩形)或硝酸盐(圆形)与表层沉积物的稳定氮同位素对比(据参考文献[49]修改)
图4  不同类型海域末次冰期以来海洋沉积物δ15Nbulk记录对比据参考文献[69]修改:智利海盆(黑)[70],阿拉伯海(蓝)[71];卡里亚科海盆(红)[69]
图5  不同类型海域50 ka沉积物稳定氮同位素记录对比(据参考文献[69,88]修改)卡里亚科海盆(蓝色)沉积物δ15Nbulk[79];阿拉伯海(棕红)沉积物δ15Nbulk[19];南海沉积物δ15Nbulk (黑色)[86]和FB-δ15N(绿色)[89];阴影部分为间冰期,数字为海洋同位素阶段
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