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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (9): 932-941    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.09.0932
综述与评述     
海底生物扰动作用及其对沉积过程和记录的影响
杨群慧1,周怀阳1*,季福武1,王虎1,杨伟芳2,3
1.同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室,上海 200092;2.中国科学院广州地球化学研究所,广东 广州 510640;3.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049
Bioturbation in Seabed Sediments and Its Effects on Marine Sedimentary Processes and Records
Yang Qunhui1,Zhou Huaiyang1,Ji Fuwu1,Wang Hu1,Yang Weifang2,3
1.State Key Lab of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092,China;2.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou 510640, China;3.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(1174 KB)  
摘要:

海底生物扰动作用主要由底栖生物的摄食、掘穴和栖所建造等活动造成,它可以充分改变沉积物的物理、化学特性,扭曲或模糊地层学信号,影响早期成岩过程和沉积记录以及沉积物的稳定性。海底生物扰动作用的研究,对于全面、精确地掌握海洋中各种物质的生物地球化学循环过程,正确回溯古气候、古海洋和古生态记录,合理调节和控制海底生态系统的多样性具有十分重要的意义。简要回顾了海洋生物扰动作用的研究进展,并着重对海洋沉积物中生物扰动作用的观测和定量研究方法、主要影响因素及其对沉积过程和记录的影响进行了评述。

关键词: 海洋沉积物生物扰动作用影响因素沉积过程和记录    
Abstract: Bioturbation in seabed sediments results from feeding, burrowing and habitat construction by benthos. It can substantially modify the physical, chemical properties of sediments, distort or smear primary stratigraphical signals, influence the early diagenesis, sedimentary record and stability of sediments. Research on bioturbation is very important to roundly and exactly understand the processes of biogeochemical cycles in marine sediments, accurately reconstruct the records of palaeogeography, palaeoclimatology and palaeoecology, reasonably adjust and control the biodiversity of seabed ecosystem. This paper briefly reviews the development of the research on bioturbation in marine sediments, and focuses on comments of the observation and quantitative research methods of biotutrbation, its major influential factors, and its effects on sedimentary processes and records.
Key words: Marine sediments    Bioturbation    Influential factors    Sedimentary processes and records.
收稿日期: 2008-02-28 出版日期: 2008-09-10
:  P736.21+3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金面上项目“东北热带太平洋近表层沉积物生物扰动作用研究”(编号:40406010);国家自然科学基金重点项目“胡安·德富卡洋脊段热液生态环境变化与地球化学制约机理研究”(编号:40532011);中国大洋矿产资源研究开发协会国际海底区域研究“十一五”课题“深海生物地球化学过程在地质体中的记录”(编号:DYXM115-02-4-04)资助.

通讯作者: 周怀阳(1961-),男,江苏常熟人,教授,主要从事海洋地质地球化学方面的研究.     E-mail: zhouhy@gig.ac.cn
作者简介: 杨群慧(1969-),女,湖南衡阳人,副教授,主要从事海洋沉积学方面的研究.E-mail:qunhuiyang@yahoo.com.cn
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引用本文:

杨群慧,周怀阳,季福武,王虎,杨伟芳. 海底生物扰动作用及其对沉积过程和记录的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(9): 932-941.

Yang Qunhui,Zhou Huaiyang,Ji Fuwu,Wang Hu,Yang Weifang. Bioturbation in Seabed Sediments and Its Effects on Marine Sedimentary Processes and Records. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(9): 932-941.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.09.0932        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I9/932

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