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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (8): 845-853    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0845
综述与评述     
臭氧生成效率(OPE)相关研究进展
徐晓斌,葛宝珠,林伟立
中国气象科学研究院 大气成分观测与服务中心,中国气象局大气化学重点开放实验室,北京  100081
Progresses in the research of ozone production efficiency (OPE)
Xu Xiaobin, Ge Baozhu, Lin Weili
Key Laboratory for Atmospheric Chemistry, Centre for Atmosphere Watch and Services,Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, CMA,Beijing  100081, China
 全文: PDF(1138 KB)  
摘要:

大气光化学系统的非线性特征增加了O3控制的复杂性,因此各种有助于O3控制对策制定的指标研究备受关注,臭氧生成效率(OPE)就属于这样一种指标。对OPE相关的主要研究成果进行了综述,回顾了OPE定义及计算方法的演变,总结了OPE的空间和季节变化研究结果,分析、讨论了影响OPE的几个主要因素,指出了OPE研究中存在的问题和未来需要加强的方面。我国OPE研究非常缺乏,鉴于我国城市和区域O3污染形势,建议开展多点位、长时间的OPE观测研究,并结合模式研究深化对我国O3问题的认识,寻找有效的O3控制对策。
   

关键词: 臭氧生成效率(OPE)计算方法观测结果影响因素    
Abstract:

Increase in regional and tropospheric O3 is closely related to climate change, atmospheric environment, human health, and ecosystems. The nonlinearity of atmospheric photochemistry causes the complexity of making O3 control strategy. Therefore, strong attention has been paid to a few indicators that are helpful to making O3control strategies. The Ozone Production Efficiency (OPE) is one of such indicators. Here major results and understandings gained in the researches of OPE are summarized. The definition of OPE and its development are reviewed;  the spatial and seasonal variations of OPE are summarized;  a few key factors influencing OPE are analyzed and discussed;  some necessary future studies are pointed out. OPE has proved to be a good measure of O3 sensitivity to VOCs and to NOx. It is influenced mainly by the levels of NOx and VOCs as well as the ratio between both. Therefore, the OPE value of an urban plume can change significantly during the transport, and regional differences in OPE are considerably large. The reported OPE values from studies in different regions and at different altitudes range from 1 to 246. OPE values are higher in the suburban sites than in the urban sites, and higher in the remote and high altitude sites than in the rural and low altitude sites. The seasonal variations of OPE are mainly driven by the variations of VOCs and NOx concentrations. Very few studies have been focusing on OPE in East Asia, particularly in China. In view of the severe O3 pollution situations in some Chinese cities and regions, it is suggested to carry out OPE studies based on long-term observations at various sites, to deepen scientific understandings in the issue of regional O3 pollution by combining the OPE data with model studies, and finally to find effective strategies for controlling O3 pollution.

Key words: ozone production efficiency (OPE)    calculation method    observational result    influencing factor
收稿日期: 2008-11-28 出版日期: 2009-08-10
:  P402   
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“华北区域本底大气臭氧生成效率观测研究”(编号:40775074)资助.

通讯作者: 徐晓斌     E-mail: xuxb@cams.cma.gov.cn
作者简介: 徐晓斌(1960-),男,江苏金坛人,研究员,主要从事大气化学研究. E-mail:xuxb@cams.cma.gov.cn
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徐晓斌,葛宝珠,林伟立. 臭氧生成效率(OPE)相关研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 845-853.

Xu Xiaobin, Ge Baozhu, Lin Weili. Progresses in the research of ozone production efficiency (OPE). Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(8): 845-853.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0845        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I8/845

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