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地球科学进展  2003, Vol. 18 Issue (4): 584-591    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.04.0584
研究论文     
干旱半干旱地区农田土壤NO3-N深层积累及其影响因素
郭胜利1,2,张文菊1,党廷辉1,2,吴金水1,2,郝明德1,2
1.中国科学院水利部水土保持研究所,陕西 杨凌 712100;2.西北农林科技大学,陕西 杨凌 712100
ACCUMULATION OF NO3-N IN DEEP LAYERS OF DRY FARMLAND AND ITS AFFECTING FACTORS IN ARID AND SEMI-ARID AREAS
Guo Shengli1,2,Zhang Wenju1,Dang Tinghui1,2,Wu Jinshui1,2,Hao Mingde1,2
1.Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Water Resources, Yangling 712100,China;2. Northwest Science & Technology University of Agriculture & Forestry, Yangling 712100,China
 全文: PDF(105 KB)  
摘要:

以长期试验资料为基础,着重分析了干旱半干旱地区农田系统中施肥、作物、降水、耕作措施以及土壤类型和特性对产生土壤NO3-N深层积累的影响。分析发现,氮肥的过量施用和400~800 mm降水量偏低是导致干旱半干旱地区土壤NO3-N积累在100~300 cm土层的主要因素。随着氮肥用量的增加,NO3-N深层积累显著增加;氮磷配施有助于降低其积累量。不同作物对氮素的吸收利用效率也是影响NO3-N深层积累的因素,作物之间的轮作方式会有效降低NO3-N深层积累;休闲期种植合理植物可有效降低NO3-N深层积累。NO3-N深层积累主要产生在质地较重的土壤上,带正电荷粘土矿物对NO3-N吸附是导致热带土壤中NO3-N积累的主要因素。深入研究深层积累NO3-N的生物有效性、迁移变化机理、与作物根系之间的关系以及对土壤性状和环境的影响具有重要意义。

关键词: 干旱半干旱地区NO3-N深层积累影响因素    
Abstract:

Accumulation of NO3-N in deep layers is the unique of N cycle in rained farmland in the arid and semi-arid areas. Based on the long-term experiment, the effects of fertilization, crop, rainfall, tillage systems, rotation, and soil properties on the NO3-N accumulation were reviewed. The over application of nitrogen fertilizer and the precipitation of 400~800 mm mainly contributed to the NO3-N accumulation in the 100~300 cm depth. The NO3-N accumulation in the 100~300 cm depth was increased with the increase of N rates, fertilizer N incorporation with phosphate fertilizer could reduce the NO3-N accumulation. The nitrogen usage efficiency also affect NO3-N accumulation due to N uptake by crops, crop rotation and fallow crop could reduce the NO3-N accumulation. NO3-N accumulation was mainly developed in the soils with heavy texture. The clay mineral with large positive charge mainly contributes to NO3-N accumulation in the tropical soils. The further research emphases about the NO3-N accumulation in the deep depth were put forward as follows: bio-availability, transport in soil profile under rain fed or irrigation, the relation to crop root distribution and growth, and the effect of the NO3-N accumulation on soil properties and soil gas.

Key words: Arid and semi-arid areas    NO3-N accumulation in deep layers    Fertilization    Rainfall    Crop rotation    Soil texture    Soil properties    Tillage systems.
收稿日期: 2002-02-20 出版日期: 2003-08-01
:  S152.4  
基金资助:

中国科学院“引进海外杰出人才”项目;中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“中国主要农田生态系统NPK迁移、转化规律与优化管理”(编号:KZCX2-413);“十五”国家科技攻关项目“黄土高原南部沟壑区抗逆减灾农业发展模式与技术研究”(编号:2001BA508B18)资助·

通讯作者: 郭胜利     E-mail: guosl@public.xa.sn.cn
作者简介: 郭胜利(1969-),男,河北栾城县人,副研究员,主要从事土壤生态和养分循环等研究·E-mail:guosl@public.xa.sn.cn
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引用本文:

郭胜利,张文菊,党廷辉,吴金水,郝明德. 干旱半干旱地区农田土壤NO3-N深层积累及其影响因素[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(4): 584-591.

Guo Shengli,Zhang Wenju,Dang Tinghui,Wu Jinshui,Hao Mingde. ACCUMULATION OF NO3-N IN DEEP LAYERS OF DRY FARMLAND AND ITS AFFECTING FACTORS IN ARID AND SEMI-ARID AREAS. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(4): 584-591.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.04.0584        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2003/V18/I4/584

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