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地球科学进展  2013, Vol. 28 Issue (5): 597-607    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.05.0597
综述与评述     
生物活性元素Fe来源及其溶解度影响因素研究综述
杜志恒1,3 ,效存德1,2,李向应1
1. 中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;2. 中国气象科学研究院,气候系统研究所,北京 100081;3. 中国科学院大学,北京 100049
A Review of the Sources and Controlling Factors of the Bioavailability Iron (Fe)
Du Zhiheng1,3, Xiao Cunde1,2, Li Xiangying1
1.State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;2.Institute of Climate System, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Science, China Meteorology Administration, Beijing 100081, China; 3. University of Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100049, China
 全文: PDF(4995 KB)  
摘要:

具有生物活性的元素Fe被认为限制了海洋生物生产力,其在海洋生态系统中的生物地球化学循环对全球碳循环起到调节作用,全球40%~50%的海洋因“高叶绿素低营养盐”(HNLC)“缺Fe”而初级生产力较低。然而,关于生物活性元素Fe的研究不仅涉及海洋科学,还与大气科学、环境科学、地球科学等学科紧密联系。近些年,围绕生物活性元素“Fe”开展的研究不仅是地球科学领域的前沿问题,还是海洋学家与环境学家共同关注的热点问题。目前,尽管对于生物活性元素Fe的研究已取得很大的进展,但模型、室内实验及野外观测之间仍存在很大的挑战与不确定性。系统地总结了生物活性元素Fe最重要的自然来源方式,详细介绍了影响生物活性元素Fe溶解度的主要因素,最后,对将来的工作提出建议,为我国未来开展类似的研究提供参考。

关键词: 生物活性元素Fe粉尘源区铁溶解度影响因素海洋生产力    
Abstract:

In the marine ecosytem  bioavailability iron (Fe) is one of the most important micronutrient for the marine primary productivity. It plays an important role in the global biogeochemical cycles and the carbon cycle. About 40%~50% of the total surface ocean is High Nutrient Low Chlorophyll (HNLC) owing to limiting of bioavailability Fe. However, research on bioavailability Fe not only involves in the discipline of ocean science, but also has a close connection with atmosphere science, environment science, geoscience, etc. In recent years, the research on it is considered as one of the most important scientific problems in Earth science system and   attracts extensive concerns from the oceanographers and environmentalists. However, there are still lots of challenges and uncertainties existing in models, experiments and field observations. Due to the complicated   Fe in dust, we only summarize the natural sources of bioavailability Fe and detailed   influence factors of bioavailability Fe solubility in this review. Finally, we come up with the suggestions and   reference for our   future work.

Key words: Bioavailability Fe    Dust sources    Fe solubility    Influence factor    Marine primary     productivity
收稿日期: 2012-12-07 出版日期: 2013-05-10
:  P736.4  
基金资助:

国家重大科学研究计划项目“冰冻圈变化及其影响研究”(编号:2013CBA01804);冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室自主课题“格陵兰NEEM冰芯研究”(编号:SKLCS-22-2012-01-03)资助

作者简介: 杜志恒(1985-),男,甘肃天水人,硕士研究生,主要从事大气气溶胶与冰芯记录研究.E-mail:duzhiheng10@163.com
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杜志恒,效存德,李向应. 生物活性元素Fe来源及其溶解度影响因素研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2013, 28(5): 597-607.

Du Zhiheng, Xiao Cunde, Li Xiangying. A Review of the Sources and Controlling Factors of the Bioavailability Iron (Fe). Advances in Earth Science, 2013, 28(5): 597-607.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2013.05.0597        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2013/V28/I5/597

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