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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (6): 617-624    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0617
综述与评述     
环境中高氯酸盐的来源、污染现状及其分析方法
姜苏,李院生,马红梅,安春雷
中国极地研究中心,国家海洋局极地科学重点实验室,上海 200136
Source, Pollution Status and Analytical Methods of Perchlorate in the Environment
Jiang Su, Li Yuansheng, Ma Hongmei, An Chunlei
SOA Key Laboratory for Polar Science, Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai 200136, China
 全文: PDF(1065 KB)  
摘要:

高氯酸盐是一种持久性的无机污染物,它能够抑制碘的吸收并削弱甲状腺功能。随着高效灵敏的分离检测方法的发展,研究人员在多种环境介质中都检测到了高氯酸根,其环境污染问题引起了广泛的关注。最近的研究表明,环境中的高氯酸盐并非都来自于人为污染源及含有高氯酸盐的化肥,也有在大气中自然产生的,而且环境中存在大气来源的高氯酸根的背景值。在重点介绍了高氯酸盐的污染现状、分析方法以及自然条件下大气中产生高氯酸根的机理等方面的最新研究进展之后,提出今后应开展环境中高氯酸根背景值的调查研究。为此,应开发具有更低检出限的分析方法,并借助南极地区独特的地理优势开展南极雪冰中高氯酸盐的相关研究,从而获得不同历史时期环境中高氯酸根的背景值,并研究高氯酸根背景值的影响因素,为研究自然条件下大气中产生高氯酸根的机理提供基础数据。

关键词: 高氯酸盐环境污染分析方法背景值南极雪冰    
Abstract:

Perchlorate is a persistent inorganic pollutant, which can interfere with iodide uptake by the thyroid gland and consequently affect how the thyroid functions. With the development of precise and sensitive detection methods, perchlorate has been found in different kinds of environmental media. And the widespread of its environmental pollution has caused much concern. Recent researches indicate that perchlorate in the environment not only comes from man-made pollution sources and some fertilizer but also has its atmospheric origin, and a natural perchlorate background should exist. The most recent research progress of pollution status and analytical methods of perchlorate and the mechanisms of perchlorate formation in the atmosphere are introduced. Then it is suggested that studies of background value of perchlorate in the environment should be carried out. Therefore, it is urgent to develop analytical methods with much lower detection limits. And due to the geographic advantages of Antarctica, researches on perchlorate in Antarctic ice and snow should be carried out, which will provide perchlorate background value at different historical periods and also influencing factors on the background value. Thus the valuable data for the investigation on the mechanisms of perchlorate formation in the atmosphere will be provided. 

Key words: Perchlorate    Environmental pollution    Analytical methods    Background value    Antarctic ice and snow.
收稿日期: 2009-07-06 出版日期: 2010-06-10
:  P402  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“高氯酸盐的环境背景值及其影响因素的研究”(编号: 40906098);中国极地科学战略研究基金项目“北极新奥尔松地区降雪/积雪中高氯酸盐的研究”(编号: 20080208);中国极地研究中心极地科学青年创新基金项目“南极雪冰中高氯酸盐的分析方法的建立”(编号: JDQ200801)资助

通讯作者: 姜苏     E-mail: jiangsu@pric.gov.cn
作者简介: 姜苏(1979-),女,江苏泰州人,助理研究员,主要从事雪冰化学与气候记录研究. E-mail:jiangsu@pric.gov.cn
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引用本文:

姜苏,李院生,马红梅,安春雷. 环境中高氯酸盐的来源、污染现状及其分析方法[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(6): 617-624.

Jiang Su, Li Yuansheng, Ma Hongmei, An Chunlei. Source, Pollution Status and Analytical Methods of Perchlorate in the Environment. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(6): 617-624.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0617        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I6/617

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