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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (6): 625-629    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0625
研究论文     
土壤铅含量高光谱遥感反演中波段选择方法研究
温健婷1,张霞1,张兵2,赵冬1
1.中国科学院遥感应用研究所,北京 100101; 
2.中国科学院对地观测与数字地球科学中心,北京 100190
A Study of Band Selection Method for Retrieving Soil Lead Content with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data
Wen Jianting1, Zhang Xia1, Zhang Bing2, Zhao Dong1
1.Institute of Remote Sensing Applications, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; 
2.Center for Earth Observation & Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China  
 全文: PDF(1534 KB)  
摘要:

利用高光谱遥感数据进行了南京郊外土壤重金属元素铅的含量反演,由于高光谱数据波段众多,波段选择或变换至关重要。比较了基于次贪婪的前向选择模型的最小角度拟合和基于遗传算法进行波段选择的最小二乘和偏最小二乘拟合,结果发现基于遗传算法的偏最小二乘反演结果优于全波段的偏最小二乘,表明波段选择在高光谱反演重金属中是有益的。尽管采取了波段选择后的各方法在反演时均能达到70%以上的训练精度,但因遗传算法搜索的解空间范围更宽广,使得基于遗传算法的偏最小二乘优于前向选择模型的最小角度拟合。最后还比较了基于遗传算法的普通最小二乘和偏最小二乘拟合,结果表明偏最小二乘更优,因此在高光谱反演重金属含量当中,偏最小二乘精度较高,而在波段选择方法中,遗传算法更优。

关键词: 重金属遥感反演偏最小二乘最小角度拟合遗传算法波段选择    
Abstract:

To retrieve the lead content in the soil from hyperspectral remote sensing data, we should select bands or do some transformation first. In this paper, we compared Least Angle Regression, which is a modest forward choose method, and least squares regression and partial least squares regression based on genetic algorithm. As a validation result of  the test area in Jianning, Nanjing, regression results with band selection are better than those without. Although Least Angle Regression, partial least squares regression with genetic algorithm can reach 70% training correctness, the latter based on genetic algorithm is better, because it can reach a larger solution space. At last, we conclude that partial least squares regression is a good choice for the lead content retrieval in soil by hyperspectral remote sensing data, and genetic algorithm can improve the retrieval by band selection promisingly.

Key words: Heavy metal inversion    Partial least squares regression    Least angle regression    Genetic algorithm    Band selection.
收稿日期: 2009-09-01 出版日期: 2010-06-10
:  TP751  
基金资助:

国防科工委民用航天空间应用项目“新一代环境监测高光谱卫星指标论证”;国家科技支撑计划项目“环北京区域多源空间数据处理技术研究”(编号:2007BAH15B01)资助

通讯作者: 温健婷     E-mail: jianting.wen@gmail.com
作者简介: 温健婷(1980-),女,广东广州人,博士研究生,主要从事高光谱遥感建模与定量化应用研究. E-mail:jianting.wen@gmail.com
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引用本文:

温健婷,张霞,张兵,赵冬. 土壤铅含量高光谱遥感反演中波段选择方法研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(6): 625-629.

Wen Jianting,Zhang Xia,Zhang Bing, Zhao Dong. A Study of Band Selection Method for Retrieving Soil Lead Content with Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Data. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(6): 625-629.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.06.0625        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I6/625

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