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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (10): 1105-1121    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1105
综述与评述     
流体包裹体研究:进展、地质应用及展望
孙贺,肖益林
中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院,安徽  合肥  230026
Fluid Inclusions: Latest Development, Geological Applications and Prospect
Sun He,Xiao Yilin
Earth and Space Department, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei  230026,China
 全文: PDF(1118 KB)  
摘要:

      在多数地质作用过程中,流体都担任着元素迁移的载体、化学反应的活化剂的角色。大量研究表明,岩石、矿物以及元素在有无流体的情况下会表现出迥异的物理和化学性质,所以对于认识某一地质过程而言,流体方面的研究往往能够提供极其重要的信息。流体包裹体则以其直接反映古流体的成分,在各种矿物中的普遍存在性,以及对各种后期改造有一定的抵抗力等特点而成为研究古地质流体的最佳样本,并已经被成功地应用到各种地质过程的研究中。从基本概念出发,讨论了流体包裹体的种类和原生、次生流体包裹体的区分,对流体包裹体的岩相学观察要点以及流体包裹体研究的最新进展做了简要的综述,着重介绍了研究中常用的分析方法及变质岩中流体包裹体的研究,并举例说明了流体包裹体在矿床学、石油地质学中的应用,以及近期的一些关于流体包裹体中保存生物标志和生物遗迹化石的研究,最后对未来流体包裹体研究的发展方向作了简单的展望。

关键词:  流体包裹体分析方法变质岩矿床成因生物标志    
Abstract:

       Fluids are aubiquitous transport medium for heat and matter in most geological process. The presence of fluids in rocks may affect the chemical and physical properties, mineral reaction velocity and heat budget of geological systems, Direct sample of geological fluids could be preserved only in fluid inclusions that were trapped during the growth of their host mineral. Fluid inclusions can provide us unique information for the presence and composition of ancient fluids which can not be obtained by other geochemical methods (e.g. the component and evolution of diagenetic fluid; process of fluid-rock interaction; migration of trace elements in fluid). The study of fluid inclusions thus has become one of the “hottest” fields in earth sciences, and plays an important role in studies correlated with geological processes. Starting with a general introduction to the fluid inclusion properties and a summarization about the classification of primary- and secondary-fluid inclusions, this paper reveiws the most recent development in analytical methods in the fluid inclusion research field. We also review the current application of fluid inclusions to various fields in earth sciences (e.g. metamorphic fluid, ore-deposit, petroleum geology and biomarker) in the paper. Finally, we give a short outlook on potential future research topics about fluid inclusion studies.

Key words: Fluid inclusions    Analytical methods    Metamorphic rock    Ore-deposit    Biomarker
收稿日期: 2009-05-07 出版日期: 2009-10-10
:  P592  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程方向性项目:“大别—苏鲁超高压变质带形成和演化的地球化学研究”(编号:2060206);国家自然科学基金项目“华北陆块南缘中生代岩石圈增厚机制的地球化学研究”(编号:40634023)和“大别山—苏鲁地区系列变质岩石的Li-B同位素组成及其地球化学意义研究”(编号:40773003);中国科学院“百人计划”项目资助.

通讯作者: 孙贺     E-mail: hish@mail.ustc.edu.cn
作者简介: 孙贺(1985-),男,博士,主要从事流体包裹体及熔体包裹体研究. E-mail:hish@mail.ustc.edu.cn
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孙贺,肖益林. 流体包裹体研究:进展、地质应用及展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(10): 1105-1121.

Sun He,Xiao Yilin. Fluid Inclusions: Latest Development, Geological Applications and Prospect. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(10): 1105-1121.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1105        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I10/1105

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