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地球科学进展
实验地球化学     
深部过程中地幔流体现实微观踪迹的实验证据
刘显凡1,赵甫峰1,李春晖1,楚亚婷1,邓碧平1,宋祥峰1,2,张 民1
1.成都理工大学地球科学学院,四川 成都〓610059;
2.四川省地质矿产勘查局402地质队,四川 成都〓610000
Actual Microcosomic Traces of Mantle Fluid during Deep Geological Process: Evidence from Petrography, Electron Microprobe, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Spectrum
Liu Xianfan1, Zhao Fufeng1, Li Chunhui1, Chu Yating1, Deng Biping1, Song Xiangfeng1,2, Zhang Min1
1.Institute of Earth Science, Chengdu University of Technology, Chengdu 610059, China;
2.402 Geological Team, Sichuan Bureau of Geology and Mineral Resources, Chengdu 610000,  China
 全文: PDF(1723 KB)  
摘要:

伴随深部地质过程的地幔流体作用是引发地壳中成矿作用的重要物质源和动力源。由于地幔流体的超深源性及由此决定其性质和演化的复杂性,使人们很难具体捕捉其实际存在,或者多数情况下很难准确界定。通过岩相学、岩石化学、电子探针和扫描电镜及能谱分析的综合研究发现,地幔流体活动的现实微观踪迹和存在方式可以表现为富铁熔浆包体和富铁微晶玻璃,二者在透射偏光显微镜下无光性,呈黑色不透明状;反射偏光显微镜下不反光,但在电子显微镜下呈显微晶质结构,显示微晶金属和非金属矿物之间呈熔离交生,超微晶矿物组成以硅酸盐和石英为主,尤其是经过成分配比换算,得到碳硅石,含铬自然铁、钛铁矿、磷灰石和含钛镜铁矿等地幔标型矿物,反映了地幔流体的熔浆性质。捕捉和揭示深部地质过程中地幔流体作用的现实微观踪迹,对于深入分析和认识地壳地质作用的机制和成矿效应具有重要理论和现实意义。

关键词: 深部地质过程富铁熔浆包体富铁微晶玻璃地幔标型矿物地幔流体踪迹    
Abstract:

Mantle fluid metasomatism in the deep geologic process is an important substance supplier and energetic contributor and the complexity of its nature and evolution make it difficult to be observed and confirmed. Based on the researches of petrography, petro-chemistry, electron microprobe (EMP), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy spectrum (EP), it is discovered that there are two kinds of the actual microcosomic traces of mantle fluid, that is Fe-rich melt xenolith and Fe-rich microglass. Both are of non optics under transmitted polarized light appearing to be black opaque and can not reflect light under the reflected polarized light. EMP results show that the Fe-rich melt xenolith and Fe-rich micro-glass are of micro-crystalline texture and unmixing texture composed of micro-metals and micro-nonmetals. The micro-minerals are mainly silicates and quartz, and after the ratios calculation we get the SiC, Cr-bearing natural iron, ilmenite, apatite and Cr-bearing specularite and all of these are indication minerals of mantle, suggesting the nature of mantle fluid be similar to the melt. The study of the actual microcosomic traces of mantle fluid in deep geologic process is of high significance to the mineralizing mechanism in the Earth’s Crust.

Key words: Deep geologic process    Fe-rich melt xenolith    Fe-rich micro-glass    Standard-type minerals for mantle    Traces of mantle fluid
收稿日期: 2012-06-25 出版日期: 2012-10-10
:  P588.12  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“滇西新生代多金属成矿的深部过程与地幔流体作用示踪”(编号:40773031);教育部博士点基金项目“地质作用中流体微观踪迹物质组成特征及其成矿作用研究”(编号:20115122110005);成都理工大学矿物学岩石学矿床学国家重点(培育)学科建设项目(编号:SZD0407)资助.

作者简介: 刘显凡(1957-),男,重庆人,教授,主要从事矿物学、岩石学、矿床地球化学的教学和研究工作.E-mail:liuxianfan@cdut.cn
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引用本文:

刘显凡,赵甫峰,李春晖,楚亚婷,邓碧平,宋祥峰,张民. 深部过程中地幔流体现实微观踪迹的实验证据[J]. 地球科学进展, 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.10.1161.

Liu Xianfan, Zhao Fufeng, Li Chunhui, Chu Yating, Deng Biping, Song Xiangfeng, Zhang Min. Actual Microcosomic Traces of Mantle Fluid during Deep Geological Process: Evidence from Petrography, Electron Microprobe, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy Spectrum. Advances in Earth Science, 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.10.1161.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.10.1161        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I10/1161

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