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地球科学进展  1999, Vol. 14 Issue (6): 566-570    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1999.06.0566
综述与评述     
深海橄榄岩研究进展
王金荣, 郭原生
兰州大学地质系,甘肃 兰州 730000
ADVANCE IN STUDY OF ABYSSAL PERIDOTITES
WANG Jinrong GUO Yuansheng
Department of Geology,Lanzhou University,Lanzhou730000,China
 全文: PDF(202 KB)  
摘要:

很久以来,深海橄榄岩一直被认为是洋中脊下地幔熔融残留体,但最近深海橄榄岩实际矿物组分研究和全岩化学成分重建的结果表明,深海橄榄岩是洋脊下地幔熔融残留体和过量橄榄石的混合物。深海橄榄岩的成因是洋脊下上隆地幔降压熔融作用和熔体上升通过地幔最上部的热边界层时发生冷却、结晶出橄榄石的联合作用的结果。地幔熔融程度越高,深海橄榄岩越亏损,则含有越多的过量橄榄石。为此,只要把深海橄榄岩中过量的橄榄石剔除后,其实际矿物组分就能有效地反映洋脊下地幔熔融作用和熔融萃取过程。

关键词: 深海橄榄岩地幔部分熔融洋中脊    
Abstract:

Abyssal peridotites have been long interpreted to be residues of mantle melting beneath midocean ridges,but the recent studies of their modal proportions and reconstructed whole-rock compositions show that they are mixtures of mantle melting residues and excess olivine beneath an ocean ridge.The origin of abyssal peridotites results from a combination of decompression melting of upwelling mantle and olivine crystallization as a result of cooling of acending melts passing through the cold thermal boundary layer atop the mantle.The greater the extent of mantle melting,the more depleted the peridotites,and the higher the excess olivine contents.Hence peridotite modes can be used to reflect efficiently mantle melting and melt extraction processes beneath ocean ridges only if the excess olivine is removed appropriately.

Key words: Abyssal peridotites    Mantle partial melting    Mid-ocean ridges.
收稿日期: 1999-05-04 出版日期: 1999-12-01
:  P588.12+5  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“华北地台北缘西段中元古至早古生代地壳演化及成矿”(编号:49572152)资助。

通讯作者: 王金荣,男,1958年2月出生于福建蒲田市,副教授,主要从事大地构造学研究。    
作者简介: 王金荣,男,1958年2月出生于福建蒲田市,副教授,主要从事大地构造学研究。
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引用本文:

王金荣, 郭原生. 深海橄榄岩研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 1999, 14(6): 566-570.

WANG Jinrong GUO Yuansheng. ADVANCE IN STUDY OF ABYSSAL PERIDOTITES. Advances in Earth Science, 1999, 14(6): 566-570.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1999.06.0566        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y1999/V14/I6/566

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