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地球科学进展  2010, Vol. 25 Issue (9): 941-949    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.09.0941
综述与评述     
CO2矿物捕获能力的研究进展
董林森,刘立*,曲希玉,刘娜,郭欣欣
吉林大学地球科学学院,吉林长春 130061
Research Progress of Ability of Mineral Trapping of CO2
Dong Linsen, Liu Li, Qu Xiyu, Liu Na, Guo Xinxin
College of Earth Sciences Jilin University,Changchun 130061,China
 全文: PDF(1035 KB)  
摘要:

全球碳存储的研究表明,CO2最稳定的存储方式是CO2的矿物捕获, 即将CO2注入到地下,使其以方解石、菱铁矿、白云石及片钠铝石等碳酸盐矿物的形式存在。适合CO2矿物捕获的岩石类型主要有火山岩、砂岩和火山碎屑岩。分析了3种岩石类型的金属元素含量、金属元素的释放能力、与CO2反应生成的矿物类型及对CO2的捕获量,并比较了3种岩石类型对CO2矿物捕获能力的差异。其中玄武岩等火山岩的金属离子含量高,但其孔隙空间有限,制约了成岩反应,且CO2注入后具有逸散的风险;砂岩分布广泛,有足够的孔隙利于流体注入,但是金属离子含量相对较低,对CO2的矿物捕获所需时间相对较长;火山碎屑岩则结合了前2种岩石类型在矿物捕获方面的优势,是一种理想的CO2矿物捕获的岩石类型。

关键词: 矿物捕获火山岩砂岩火山碎屑岩    
Abstract:

A survey of the global carbon reservoirs suggests that the most stable, long-term storage mechanism for atmospheric CO2 is the formation of carbonate minerals such as calcite, dolomite, magnesite and dawsonite. The suitable rocks for mineral trapping are mainly  sandstones, pyroclastic rocks and volcanic rocks (basalt). Based on the two kinds of diagenetic reactions during  CO2-H2O-rock interaction processes, the content and release ability for metal element, the types of generated minerals and the amount of  CO2 capured among these three kinds of rocks were analyzed while  the differences on  CO2 capturing ablitily for these three kinds of rocks were  compared. Basalt contains abundant metal ions, but  restricts diagenetic reaction  due to pore space limitation.  As a result,  the injected  CO2 has the risk of a fugitive. Sandstones are widely distributed and there is sufficient porosity conducive to fluid injection, but metal ions content is relatively low, and  the time required for  CO2 capture minerals are relatively long. Pyroclastic rocks are a combination of the advantages of the two rock types and is an ideal rock type for mineral trapping of  CO2.

Key words: Mineral trapping    Volcanic rocks    Sandstone    Pyroclastic rocks
收稿日期: 2010-02-22 出版日期: 2010-09-10
:  P588  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金面上项目“CO2流体—火山碎屑岩相互作用研究:以海拉尔盆地为例”(编号:40972075);教育部高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金项目“CO2流体对火山碎屑岩改造作用的实验研究”(编号:20090061120043);吉林大学种子基金项目“含片钠铝石火山碎屑岩中的CO2注入与矿物捕获记录研究——以海拉尔盆地为例”(编号:40870421);吉林大学研究生创新研究计划项目“玄武岩的‘固碳’能力研究”(编号:20101062)资助.

通讯作者: 刘立(1955-),男,内蒙古喜桂图人,教授,主要从事储层、层序地层及沉积方面的研究.       E-mail: liuli0892@vip.sina.com
作者简介: 董林森(1983-),女,山东潍坊人,博士研究生,主要从事储层地质学方面的研究. E-mail:jilindonglinsen@yahoo.com.cn
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董林森,刘立,曲希玉,刘娜,郭欣欣. CO2矿物捕获能力的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(9): 941-949.

Dong Linsen, Liu Li, Qu Xiyu, Liu Na, Guo Xinxin. Research Progress of Ability of Mineral Trapping of CO2. Advances in Earth Science, 2010, 25(9): 941-949.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2010.09.0941        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2010/V25/I9/941

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