Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2017, Vol. 32 Issue (9): 937-948    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.09.0928
综述与评述     
陆架边缘迁移轨迹研究现状及应用前景
丛富云, 徐尚*
1.中国地质大学(武汉)构造与油气资源教育部重点实验室,湖北 武汉 430074;
2.中国地质大学(武汉)资源学院,湖北 武汉 430074
Research Status and Application Prospect of Shelf-Edge Trajectory Analysis
Cong Fuyun, Xu Shang*
1.Key Laboratory of Tectonics and Petroleum Resources, Ministry of Education, China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, China;
2.Faculty of Earth Resources, China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074, China
 全文: PDF(9101 KB)   RICH HTML
摘要:

迁移轨迹分析是沉积学与层序地层学关注的热点和前沿研究领域。与传统的分析方法相比,迁移轨迹分析方法旨在更加直观地识别沉积体系及预测砂岩储层。基于国内外研究进展,介绍了迁移轨迹基本理论和方法,并重点介绍了盆地方向的陆架边缘迁移轨迹类型(上升型、平缓型和下降型)、定量化评价指标以及在深水砂岩储层预测方面的应用。盆底扇的形成与陆架边缘迁移轨迹密切相关,大量实例研究表明大规模的盆底扇通常形成于平缓或者下降型迁移轨迹中。随着研究的深入,深水砂体发育与陆架边缘迁移轨迹的配置关系被认为受多种因素影响,应综合考虑沉积物供给、可容纳空间、古气候等因素才能准确预测有利深水砂岩储层的发育和分布。此外,还介绍了迁移轨迹分析理论的外延:①走向上迁移轨迹差异演化;②限制性沉积盆地的迁移轨迹分析理论;③碳酸盐岩沉积环境中迁移轨迹的应用,拟将该分析方法引入并应用到其他类型沉积盆地中。

关键词: 砂岩储层预测定量化评价迁移轨迹分析    
Abstract:

Trajectory analysis is the hotspot and research frontier of sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy. Compared with conventional analytical methods, trajectory analysis is aiming at identifying sedimentary systems and predicting sandstone reservoirs more directly. The definition of trajectory analysis has been made by Helland-Hansen as “The study of the lateral and vertical migration of geomorphological features and associated sedimentary environments, with emphasis on the paths and directions of migration”. Based on current research progress, the basic concepts and methods of trajectory analysis, types of basinward-migrating trajectories (ascending, flat and descending), quantitative parameters and the application in predicting deep-water sandstone reservoirs were introduced. Trajectory analysis mainly centers on two scales: Shoreline trajectories and shelf-edge trajectories. The formation of basin-floor fans has close relation with shelf-edge trajectories, and multiple case studies have confirmed that large-scale basin floor fan usually form under flat or descending shelf-edge trajectories. As research advances, trajectory analysis theory, which developed in continental margins, is believed to have been influenced by multiple factors. Thus, the accurate prediction of sandstone reservoirs requires the comprehensive consideration of the influence of sediment supply, accommodation spaces, past climate and so on. In addition, the problems and extensions of trajectory analysis were also introduced, including ①the along-strike lateral differential evolution; ② trajectory analysis theory in hydrological-closed sedimentary basins; ③the application of trajectory analysis in carbonate settings. As a developing theory, the terminology of trajectory analysis still needs standardization, and the coupling between shelf-edge trajectories and the development and distribution of deep-water sandstones also needs further understanding. The next research focus could be placed on interpreting the evolution of three-dimensional sedimentary systems, and the extension of shelf-edge trajectory theory to hydrologically-closed basin and carbonate sedimentary environments. The research methods of trajectory analysis should also follow the newest trends to allow researchers to better study the evolution of shelf-edge trajectories, for instance, integrating high-resolution seismic data and logging data, core samples, outcrops and high-resolution dating techniques to describe ancient sedimentary environment and geomorphology, combining satellite imaging, ground penetrating radar to portray the modern morphology of continental margins, and utilizing remote sensing to construct more precise three-dimensional models for outcrops.

Key words: Sandstone reservoir prediction    Trajectory analysis    Quantitative evaluation.
收稿日期: 2017-04-07 出版日期: 2017-09-20
ZTFLH:  P539.2  
基金资助:

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金“渤海湾盆地石臼坨凸起浅层油气运聚机理研究”(编号:CUG160605); 国家自然科学基金项目“富有机质页岩类型及其沉积—成岩控制因素”(编号:41690131)资助

通信作者: 徐尚(1985-),男,湖北武汉人,副教授,主要从事地震储层预测、油气输导体系、非常规油气地质方面的研究.E-mail:xushang0222@163.com   
作者简介: 丛富云(1992-),男,湖北潜江人,博士研究生,主要从事层序地层与沉积储层方面的研究.E-mail:fuyuncong@hotmail.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
丛富云
徐尚

引用本文:

丛富云, 徐尚. 陆架边缘迁移轨迹研究现状及应用前景[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(9): 937-948.

Cong Fuyun, Xu Shang. Research Status and Application Prospect of Shelf-Edge Trajectory Analysis. Advances in Earth Science, 2017, 32(9): 937-948.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.09.0928        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2017/V32/I9/937

[1] Mitchum R, Vail P, Thompson S. Seismic stratigraphy and global changes in sea level part 2: The depositional sequence as the basic unit for stratigraphic analysis[C]∥Payton C, ed. Seismic Stratigraphy:Application to Hydrocarbon Exploration. Tulsa:AAPG Memoir, 1977, 26: 53-62.
[2] Van Wagoner J, Posamentier H, Mitchum R, et al . An overview of the fundamentals of sequence stratigraphy and key definitions[C]∥Wilgus C, ed. Sea-Level Changes—An Integrated Approach. Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication, 1988, 42: 39-45.
[3] Hunt D, Tucker M. Stranded parasequences and the forced regressive wedge systems tract:Deposition during base-level fall[J]. Sedimentary Geology , 1992, 81(1/2):1-9.
[4] Catuneanu O, Abreu V, Bhattacharya P, et al . Towards the standardization of sequence stratigraphy[J]. Earth-Science Reviews , 2009, 92(1/2): 1-33.
[5] Helland-Hansen W, Gjelberg J. Conceptual basis and variability in sequence stratigraphy: A different perspective[J]. Sedimentary Geology , 1994, 92(1/2): 31-52.
[6] Helland-Hansen W, Martinsen O. Shoreline trajectories and sequences: Description of variable depositional-dip scenarios[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 1996, 66: 670-688, doi:10.1306/d42683dd-2b26-11d7-8648000102 c1865d.
[7] Mellere D, Plink-Björklund P, Steel R. Anatomy of shelf-edge deltas on prograding Eocene shelf margin, Spitsbergen[J]. Sedimentology , 2002, 49(6): 1 181-1 206.
[8] Steel R, Olsen T. Clinforms, clinoform trajectories and deepwater sands[C]∥Armentrout J, ed. Sequence-Stratigraphic Models for Exploration and Production: Evolving Methodology, Emerging Models and Application Histories. Tulsa: GCSSEPM Proceedings 22 nd Annual Conference, 2002: 367-381.
[9] Helland-Hansen W, Hampson G. Trajectory analysis: Concepts and applications[J]. Basin Research , 2009, 21(5): 454-483.
[10] Henriksen S, Hampson G, Helland-Hansen W, et al . Shelf edge and shoreline trajectories, a dynamic approach to stratigraphic analysis[J]. Basin Research , 2009, 21(5): 445-453.
[11] Henriksen S, Helland-Hansen W, Bullimore S. Relationships between shelf-edge trajectories and sediment dispersal along depositional dip and strike: A different approach to sequence stratigraphy[J]. Basin Research , 2011, 23(1): 3-21.
[12] Johannessen E, Steel R. Shelf-margin clinoforms and prediction of deepwater sands[J]. Basin Research , 2005, 17(4): 521-550.
[13] Carvajal C, Steel R. Thick turbidite successions from supply-dominated shelves during sea-level highstand[J]. Geology , 2006, 34(8): 665-668.
[14] Carvajal C, Steel R, Petter A. Sediment supply: The main driver of shelf-margin growth[J]. Earth-Science Reviews , 2009, 96(4): 221-248.
[15] Gong Chenglin, Wang Yingming, Pyles D, et al. Shelf-edge trajectories and stratal stacking patterns: Their sequence-stratigraphic significance and relation to styles of deep-water sedimentation and amount of deep-water sandstone[J]. AAPG Bulletin , 2015, 99(7): 1 211-1 243.
[16] Gong Chenglin, Wang Yingming, Steel R, et al . Growth styles of shelf-margin clinoforms: Prediction of sand-and sediment-budget partitioning into and across the shelf[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 2015, 85(3): 209-229.
[17] Rich J. Three critical environments of deposition and criteria for recognition of rocks deposited in each of them[J]. GSA Bulletin , 1951, 62(1): 1-20.
[18] Pirmez C, Pratson L, Steckler M. Clinoform development by advection-diffusion of suspended sediment:Modelling and comparison to natural systems[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research — Solid Earth and Planets , 1998, 103(B10): 24 141-24 157.
[19] Sztanó O, Szafi??n P, Magyar I, et al . Aggradation and progradation controlled clinothems and deep-water sand delivery model in the Neogene Lake Pannon, Makó Trough, Pannonian Basin, SE Hungary[J]. Global and Planetary Change , 2013, 103: 149-167, doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.05.026.
[20] Salazar M, Moscardelli L,Wood L. Utilising clinoform architecture to understand the drivers of basin margin evolution: A case study in the Taranaki Basin, New Zealand[J]. Basin Research , 2015, 28(6): 1-26, doi:10.1111/bre.12138.
[21] Ryan M, Helland-Hansen W, Johannessen E, et al . Erosional vs. accretionary shelfmargins: The influence of margin type on deepwater sedimentation: An example from the Porcupine Basin, offshore western Ireland[J]. Basin Research , 2009, 21(5): 676-703.
[22] Kertznus V, Kneller B. Clinoform quantification for assessing the effects of external forcing on continental margin development[J]. Basin Research , 2009, 21(5): 738-758.
[23] Fongngern R, Olariu C, Steel R, et al. Clinoform growth in a Miocene, Paratethyan deep lake basin: Thin topsets, irregular foresets, and thick bottomsets[J]. Basin Research , 2015, 28(6): 770-795.
[24] Eri? K, Ryan W, Ça?atay M. The timing and evolution of the Post-Glacial Transgression across the Sea of Marmara Shelf south of Istanbul[J]. Marine Geology , 2007, 243(1/4): 57-76.
[25] Hansen J, Rasmussen E. Structural, sedimentologic and sea-level controls on sand distribution in a steep clinoform, asymmetric wave-influenced delta: Miocene Billund Sand, eastern Danish North Sea and Jylland[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 2008, 78(2): 130-146.
[26] Jol H, Lawton D, Smith D G. Ground penetrating radar: 2D and 3D subsurface imaging of a coastal barrier spit, Long Beach, WA, USA[J]. Geomorphology , 2002, 53(1/2): 165-181.
[27] Fraser C, Hill P, Allard M. Morphology and facies architecture of a falling sea level strandplain, Umiujaq, Hudson Bay, Canada[J]. Sedimentology , 2005, 52(1): 141-160.
[28] Smith D, Jol H, Smith N, et al . The wave-dominated William River Delta, Lake Athabasca, Canada: Its morphology, radar stratigraphy, and history[C]∥Giosan L, ed. River Deltas-Concepts, Models and Examples. Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication, 2005, 83: 295-318.
[29] Rodriguez A, Meyer C. Sea-level variation during the Holocene deduced from the morphologic and stratigraphic evolution of Morgan Peninsula, Alabama, USA[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 2006, 76(2): 257-269.
[30] Plink-Björklund P, Steel R. Sea-level fall below the shelf edge, without basin-floor fans[J]. Geology , 2002, 30(2): 115-118.
[31] Por?bski S, Steel R. Shelf-margin deltas: Their stratigraphic significance and relation to deepwater sands[J]. Earth-Science Reviews ,2003, 62(3/4): 283-326,doi:10.1016/S0012-8252(02)00161-7.
[32] Santra M, Steel R, Olariu C, et al . Stages of sedimentary prism development on a convergent margin-Eocene Tyee Forearc Basin, Coast Range, Oregon, USA[J]. Global and Planetary Change ,2013, 103: 207-231,doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2012.11.006.
[33] Jones G, Hodgson D, Flint S. Lateral variability in clinoform trajectory, process regime, and sediment dispersal patterns beyond the shelf-edge rollover in exhumed basin margin-scale clinothems[J]. Basin Research , 2015, 27(6): 657-680.
[34] Bullimore S, Helland-Hansen W. Trajectory analysis of the lower Brent Group (Jurassic), Northern North Sea: Contrasting depositional patterns during the advance of a major deltaic system[J]. Basin Research , 2009, 21(5): 559-572.
[35] Pinous O, Karogodin Y, Ershov S, et al . Sequence stratigraphy, facies and sea level change of the Hauterivian productive complex, Priobskoe Oil Field (West Siberia)[J]. AAPG Bulletin , 2001, 83(6): 972-989, doi:10.1306/e4fd2e3d-1732-11d7-8645000102c1865d.
[36] Olariu M, Carvajal C, Olariu C, et al . Deltaic process and architectural evolution during cross-shelf transits, Maastrichtian Fox Hills Formation,Washakie Basin, Wyoming[J]. AAPG Bulletin , 2012, 96(10):1 931-1 956.
[37] Burgess P, Hovius N. Rates of delta progradation during highstands: Consequences for timing of deposition in deep-marine systems[J]. Journal of Geological Society , 1998, 155(2): 217-222.
[38] Petter A, Steel R, Mohrig D, et al . Estimation of the palaeoflux of terrestrial-derived solids across ancient basin margins using the stratigraphic record[J]. GSA Bulletin , 2013, 125(3/4): 578-593.
[39] Gong Chenglin, Steel R, Wang Yingming, et al . Shelf-margin architecture variability and its role in source-to-sink sediment budget partitioning[J]. Earth-Science Reviews , 2016, 154: 72-101,doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.12.003.
[40] Gong Chenglin, Steel R, Wang Yingming, et al . Grain size and transport regime at shelf edge as fundamental controls on delivery of shelf-edge sands to deepwater[J]. Earth-Science Reviews , 2016, 157: 32-60,doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2016.04.002.
[41] Steel R, Cranbaugh J, Schellpeper M, et al . Deltas versus rivers on the shelf edge: Their relative contributions to the growth of shelf margins and basin-floor fans (Barremian and Eocene, Spitsbergen)[C]∥Deepwater Reservoirs of the World, GCSSEPM Foundation 20th Annual Research Conference. Houston,2000: 981-1 009.
[42] Petter A, Steel R. Hyperpycnal flow variability and slope organization on an Eocene shelf margin, Central Basin, Spitsbergen[J]. AAPG Bulletin , 2006, 90(10): 1 451-1 472.
[43] Bullimore S, Helland-Hansen W, Henriksen S, et al . Shoreline trajectory and its impact on coastal depositional environments: An example from Upper Cretaceous Mesaverde Group, NW Colorado[C]∥Hampson G, ed. Recent Advances in Models of Siliciclastic Shallow-Marine Stratigraphy. Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication, 2008, 90: 209-236.
[44] Steel R, Carvajal C, Petter A, et al . The growth of shelves and shelf margins[C]∥Hampson G, ed. Recent Advances in Shallow-Marine Stratigraphy: Perspectives and Applications. Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication, 2008, 90: 47-71.
[45] Steel R, Carvajal C, Olariu C. Shelf-Margin Trajectories: Significance for Sediment By-Pass[C]. New Orleans: AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, 2010.
[46] Blum M, Hattier-Womack J. Climatic change, sea-level change and fluvial sediment supply to deepwater depositional systems[C]∥Kneller B, ed. External Controls on Deep-water Depositional systems. Tulsa: SEPM Special Publication, 2009, 92: 15-39.
[47] Sømme T, Helland-Hansen W, Granjeon D. Impact of eustatic amplitude variations on shelf morphology, sediment dispersal, and sequence stratigraphic interpretation: Icehouse versus Greenhouse systems[J]. Geology , 2009, 37(7): 587-590.
[48] Muto T, Steel R. Principles of regression and transgression: The nature of the interplay between accommodation and sediment supply: Perspectives[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 1997, 67(6): 994-1 000.
[49] Muto T, Steel R, Swenson J. Autostratigraphy: A framework norm for genetic stratigraphy[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 2007, 77(1): 2-12.
[50] Dixon J, Steel R, Olariu C. Shelf-edge delta regime as a predictor of the deepwater deposition[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 2012, 82(9): 681-687.
[51] Laugier F, Plink-Björklund P. Defining the shelf edge and the three-dimensional shelf-edge to slope facies variability in shelf-edge deltas[J]. Sedimentology , 2016, 63(5):1 280-1 320.
[52] Olariu C, Steel R. Influence of point-source sediment-supply on modern shelf-slope morphology: Implications for interpretation of ancient shelfmargins[J]. Basin Research , 2009, 21: 484-501,doi:10.1111/j.1365-2117.2009.00420.x.
[53] Carroll A, Bohacs K. Stratigraphic classification of ancient lakes: Balancing tectonic and climatic controls[J]. Geology , 1999, 27(2): 99-102.
[54] Frost E, Kerans C. Platform-margin trajectory as a control on syndepositional fracture patterns, Canning Basin, Western Australia[J]. Journal of Sedimentary Research , 2009, 79: 44-55, doi:10.2110/jsr.2009.014.

[1] 张英杰,王龙. 显生宙一级层序的银河年旋回响应:重要的进展与争论[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(3): 275-285.