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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (10): 1056-1066    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.10.1056
研究论文     
梨树断陷营城组致密砂岩测井流体识别方法及其适应性分析
毛克宇
中石化胜利石油工程有限公司测井公司,山东 东营 257096
Logs Fluid Typing Methods and Adaptive Analysis of Tight Sandstone Reservoir of Yingcheng Formation in Lishu Fault
Mao Keyu
Logging Company of Shengli Petroleum Engineering Company, Sinopec, Dongying 257096,China
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摘要: 致密砂岩储层具有低孔隙度、低渗透率的特征,储层中的流体对测井响应的贡献大大减小,流体识别及评价变得更加困难,迫切需要发展有效的测井解释方法。从梨树断陷营城组致密碎屑岩储层的地质特征研究入手,基于孔隙流体对测井数据的敏感性研究了测井曲线重叠法、声波测井与反演声波曲线重叠法、孔隙度差值与比值法、电阻率—孔隙度交会图法、正态分布法等多种流体识别方法,建立并优选了有效的测井流体评价方法,实现了对研究区油气层的定性识别。研究表明,上述方法均适用于研究区的流体识别,2种重叠法、孔隙度差值与比值法、电阻率—孔隙度交会图法更适用于天然气储层,孔隙度差值与比值法、电阻率—孔隙度交会图法、正态分布法更适用于油水储集层。利用上述方法对研究区目标井进行了测井资料精细解释,重新认识和评价储层,为油田勘探开发提供重要的决策依据与参考。
关键词: 孔隙度重叠适应性致密砂岩流体识别    
Abstract: Tight clastic reservoirs are characterized with low porosity and low permeability, which reduce contributions of reservoir fluids to geophysical logging responses, and it is more difficult to identify fluids of the reservoir. Therefore, it is necessary to study log interpretation and comprehensive evaluation methods for such clastic reservoirs. This study focused on geological characteristics of tight clastic reservoir of Yingcheng formation in Lishu Fault. Based on logs sensitivity to fluids, some fluid typing methods were discussed in detail, which included log curve overlap method, acoustic time overlapping method from density and neutron logs, porosity difference and ratio method, porosity-resistivity crossplot, normal distribution method, and other methods, and some effective fluid evaluation method were established and optimized. These above-mentioned methods were verified, which could achieve layer qualitative identification of tight sandstone in the study area. By contrast, two logs overlapping methods, porosity difference and ratio method, resistivity-porosity crossplot are more suitable for natural gas reservoirs, while porosity difference and ratio method, porosity-resistivity chart, normal distribution method are more suitable for oil and water reservoirs. The case study suggests that these methods be combined to archive more correct log interpretation in the study area, which provides important decision-making reference for oilfield exploration and development.
Key words: Tight sandstone    Lishu Fault.    Fluid typing    Log interpretation
收稿日期: 2016-07-30 出版日期: 2016-10-20
:  P618.130.2  
基金资助: 国家科技重大专项项目“大型油气田及煤层气开发”(编号:2016ZX05014-001) 资助
作者简介: 毛克宇(1963-),男,河南洛阳人,高级工程师,主要从事测井解释方法研究与应用.E-mail:mkymsj@163.com
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引用本文:

毛克宇. 梨树断陷营城组致密砂岩测井流体识别方法及其适应性分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(10): 1056-1066.

Mao Keyu. Logs Fluid Typing Methods and Adaptive Analysis of Tight Sandstone Reservoir of Yingcheng Formation in Lishu Fault. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(10): 1056-1066.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.10.1056        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I10/1056

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