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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (12): 1240-1250    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.12.1240
1.中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院,安徽 合肥 30026;2.中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室,陕西 西安 710054;3.中国科学院青海盐湖研究所,青海 西宁 810008
Advances in Paleo seawater pH Proxy: Boron Isotope in Marine Carbonates
LIU Yi1, PENG Zi-cheng1, LIU Wei-guo2, XIAO Ying-kai3,SUN Ruo-yu1, HE Jian-feng1, LIU Gui-jian1
1.School of Earth and Space Science, University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei 230026,China;2.Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710054,China;3.Qinghai Institute of Salt Lakes, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810008,China
 全文: PDF(198 KB)  


关键词: 硼同位素珊瑚海水pHCO2有孔虫    

Due to the tight coupling between ocean acidity and atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gas CO2, reconstruction of the former is one of the major goals in paleoclimatology. Given that instrumental records of seawater pH exceeding a single decade are not yet available, the boron isotopic composition of marine carbonates currently offers the only practical means to determine paleo-seawater through time. The boron isotope ratios are best measured by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS).The boron isotope-pH proxy is founded on a theoretical model of carbonate δ11B variation with pH that assumes that the boron isotopic composition of marine carbonates mirrors the boron isotopic composition of borate in seawater. Quantified, reconstruction of ancient ocean pH requires a precise definition of α (the Equilibrium isotope fractionation factor between borate and boric acid) and pKB (the apparent dissociation constant of boric acid) and further knowledge of δ11B of ancient seawater, which is impacted by the rate of continental erosion. Complications aside, boron isotopes remain a powerful tool in the reconstruction of past seawater pH, however, various aspects of these parameters require rigorous evaluation. Therefore, given our current understanding, great care should be taken when interpreting long-term trends in δ11B of marine carbonate when the ultimate goal is to reconstruct ocean pH and ancient atmospheric carbon dioxide levels. The paleo-pH reconstructions by δ11B of marine carbonate show a higher pH in glacial ocean which is consistent with lower atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations recorded ice cores and demonstrate the coupling between surface ocean chemistry and the atmosphere, allowing for quantitative estimation of atmospheric p(CO2) beyond the reach of ice cores. However, high resolution δ11B ratios of corals show rapid change of paleo-pH at decadal-millennial timescale indicating p(CO2) between ocean and atmosphere may not be always in equilibrium and there are other forcing accounting for variability of ocean pH. Improvement the model of the boron isotope-pH proxy, high resolution paleo-pH reconstruction and relationships between ocean pH globe carbon cycling need to be pay more attention in future works of this field. 

Key words: Seawater pH    Foraminifer    Boron Istopoe    Coral    Carbon dioxide.
收稿日期: 2007-08-22 出版日期: 2007-12-10
:  P434.4  


通讯作者: 刘羿(1981-),男,重庆人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋环境与全球变化研究     E-mail:
作者简介: 刘羿(1981-),男,重庆人,博士研究生,主要从事海洋环境与全球变化研究
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刘羿,彭子成,刘卫国,肖应凯,孙若愚,贺剑峰,刘桂建. 古海水pH值代用指标——海洋碳酸盐硼同位素研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(12): 1240-1250.

LIU Yi, PENG Zi-cheng, LIU Wei-guo, XIAO Ying-kai,SUN Ruo-yu, HE Jian-feng,et al. Advances in Paleo seawater pH Proxy: Boron Isotope in Marine Carbonates. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(12): 1240-1250.


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