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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (12): 1231-1239    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.12.1231
综述与评述     
今生颗石藻的有机碳泵和碳酸盐反向泵
孙军
中国科学院海洋研究所海洋生态与环境科学重点实验室,山东 青岛 266071
Organic Carbon Pump and Carbonate Counter Pump of Living Coccolithophorid
SUN Jun
Key Laboratory of Marine Ecology & Environmental Science, Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Qingdao 266071, China
 全文: PDF(227 KB)  
摘要:

海洋今生颗石藻同时具有有机碳生产和钙化作用两个过程,对海洋碳的生物地球化学循环具有重要作用。今生颗石藻通过有机碳泵(生物泵)和碳酸盐反向泵调节大气p(CO2),最终影响全球的气候变化。介绍了今生颗石藻对全球气候变化的影响,重点讨论其碳酸盐反向泵过程,从今生颗石藻碳酸盐反向泵的生理学基础、钙化作用与光合作用的耦合机制、全球气候变化下今生颗石藻的有机碳泵和碳酸盐反向泵耦合机制改变等几个方面进行了描述。对中国近海今生颗石藻的研究进行了展望。

关键词: 生物泵中国海全球气候变化今生颗石藻碳酸盐反向泵    
Abstract:

The intrinsic coupling of organic matter production and calcification in marine living coccolithophorid (LC) blooms underlines their biogeochemical importance in the marine carbon cycle. This intimate coupling of the two pumps, “organic carbon pump (OCP)” and “carbonate counter pump (CCP)” in LC, has been considered to be responsible for regulating the atmospheric p(CO2), thus affect the global climate change (GCC). The effects of CCP on GCC have been reported, especially on CCP processes. It include physiological base of CCP, coupling mechanism of calcification and photosynthesis, and its changes under GCC. Progress and prospect of LC study in China Sea Waters were reported. The South China Sea (SCS) tentatively be chosen as typical study area, three objects was selected: (1) biogeography of LC in SCS; (2) physiological ecological study of keystone species Emiliania huxleyi and Gephyrocapsa oceanica on CCP and OCP processes; (3) Increased CO2, temperature and light conditions affect the nature phytoplankton community development in SCS; (4) Ecological modeling study coupling of CCP and OCP.

Key words: Biological pump    Global climate change.    China seas    Living coccolithophorid    Carbonate counter pump
收稿日期: 2007-04-13 出版日期: 2007-12-10
:  P736.4  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“南海今生颗石藻生物泵—碳酸盐反向泵耦合机制研究”(编号: 40776093)资助.

通讯作者: 孙军(1972-),男,甘肃华亭人,研究员,主要从事海洋浮游生物生态学研究.E-mail:phytoplankton@163.com     E-mail: phytoplankton@163.com
作者简介: 孙军(1972-),男,甘肃华亭人,研究员,主要从事海洋浮游生物生态学研究.E-mail: phytoplankton@163.com
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引用本文:

孙军. 今生颗石藻的有机碳泵和碳酸盐反向泵[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(12): 1231-1239.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I12/1231

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