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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (12): 1277-1284    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.12.1277
全球变化研究     
全球变化及其相关科学概念的发展与比较
曲建升1,2,葛全胜3,张雪芹3
1.兰州大学西部环境教育部重点试验室,资源环境学院,甘肃 兰州 730000; 2.中国科学院资源环境科学信息中心,中国科学院国家科学图书馆兰州分馆,甘肃 兰州 730000; 3.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101
Development and Comparison of the Significations of Global Change and Its Correlated Concepts
Qu Jiansheng1,2,Ge Quansheng3,Zhang Xueqin3
1.Key Laboratory of Western China′s Environmental Systems (Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Science, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China; 2.Scientific Information Center for Resources and Environment, Lanzhou Library of National Science Library, CAS, Lanzhou 730000,China; 3.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Nature Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101,China
 全文: PDF(1037 KB)  
摘要:

在回顾全球变化科学产生和发展历史的基础上,针对当前全球变化、全球气候变化、全球环境变化、地球系统科学在概念和内涵上存在混淆的情况,就全球变化等概念的内涵、产生的过程及其联系进行了综述、分析和比较。提出全球变化是指对人类现在和未来生存与发展有重要的直接或潜在影响、由自然因素或人类因素驱动在全球范围内所发生的地球环境的变化,或与全球环境有重要关联的区域环境的变化。气候变化和全球环境变化的研究范畴包含在全球变化之中,但又各有其关注领域和交叉部分;而地球系统科学是解决全球变化问题的科学理念、思维方式和解决方案。

关键词: 概念全球变化全球环境变化全球气候变化地球系统科学定义    
Abstract:

The research field on the earth environment changes related to human-nature interaction is developing rapidly. Some different concepts are addressed and evolved during the developing course of this research theme. Firstly, the concept of climate change was addressed in the early 20th century, and then, the concepts of global change, global environmental change and earth system science were developed in different fields and research groups. In general, these concepts have all focused on this largest issue in the modern society from different angles of review. Also, thy have different background, crossed fields, special research approaches. Based on an analysis of the history of this environmental issue and research activities, the significations of the four concepts are reviewed and compared. Global change research focuses on the earth environmental changes or the regional environmental changes that associate with global environment, which are driven by nature or human factors and directly or potentially influence the current or the future human life and development. Generally, global change can be used to cover and refer all the issues of this area. The research contents of climate change and global environmental change are generally included in global change studies. Climate change and global environmental change have special focuses with each other, and also there are some common parts for the two concepts. Climate change especially focus on the nature factors as a scientific concept, but recently, it is also widely used in the fields of international argument and climate policy as a public issue. Global environment change is often used in the area of active and passive human factors in the changes, and in some regions and groups, it is also referred to the general changes. Earth system science is an important theory, methods and resolution for the global change studies with a systematic thought.

Key words: Global change    Global environmental change    Global climate change    Earth system science    Definition    Concept.
收稿日期: 2008-09-08 出版日期: 2008-12-10
:  P467  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“我国欠发达地区人口温室气体排放行为与排放需求研究——以甘青宁干旱和高寒地区为例”(编号:40801232);中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“资料与海洋、生态与环境创新基地战略研究与科学评价”(编号:KZCX2-YW-501);国家科技支撑计划项目“全球环境变化人文因素的检测与分析技术研究”(编号:2007BAC03A11-05)联合资助.

通讯作者: 曲建升     E-mail: jsqu@lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 曲建升(1973-),男,山东莱阳人,副研究员,主要从事全球变化情报与气候政策分析工作.E-mail:jsqu@lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

曲建升,葛全胜,张雪芹. 全球变化及其相关科学概念的发展与比较[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(12): 1277-1284.

Qu Jiansheng,Ge Quansheng,Zhang Xueqin. Development and Comparison of the Significations of Global Change and Its Correlated Concepts. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(12): 1277-1284.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.12.1277        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I12/1277

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