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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (9): 1037-1045    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.09.1037
综述与评述     
中国历史土地覆被变化重建研究进展
魏学琼1,叶瑜1,2*,崔玉娟1,李蓓蓓3,袁存1,方修琦1
1. 北京师范大学地理学与遥感科学学院,北京 100875;
2. 北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875;
3. 南京信息工程大学语言文化学院,江苏 南京 210041
Review of China’s Historical Land Cover Change Reconstructions
Wei Xueqiong1,Ye Yu1,2,Cui Yujuan1,Li Beibei3,Yuan Cun1,Fang Xiuqi1
1.School of Geography,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China;
2. Key Laboratory of Environment Change and Natural Disaster,Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875, China;
3. School of Language and Cultures,Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology,Nanjing 210044,China
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摘要: 为对中国已有区域历史土地覆被数据集有一个综合全面的认识,并为今后的研究方向提供参考,筛选了30篇空间表达清晰的面向全球变化研究的中国历史土地覆被重建文献,从数据源选取与数字提取和订正处理、时间尺度与覆盖时段、空间范围与空间分辨率、重建的主要土地覆被类型几个方面进行总结和评述。主要结论有:历史文献是重建历史土地覆被的最主要数据源,数字提取和订正方法因数据源不同而各异;国外关于历史土地覆被研究的最长时段达过去12 000年,国内研究时段多为过去300年,时间分辨率均以几十年到百年居多;重建研究的空间范围分为中国全国、中国东部和某个行政单元或地理形态上比较完整或典型的区域3种空间尺度系列,第三系列中还存在研究空白区;在不同土地覆被类型的重建方面,现有研究集中于耕地覆被重建。充分利用不同数据源、加强研究空白区内历史土地覆被重建、改进网格化处理方法及已有数据的整合在今后研究中尤为必要。
关键词: 全球变化分辨率覆被类型数据源土地覆被    
Abstract: To have a better understand of China’s historical land cover datasets and provide reference for future reconstruction study, 30 papers on reconstructions of China’s historical land cover change were summarized based on the source of data, the extraction and calibration of data, the time period, the time resolution, the spatial scale,the spatial resolution, and the reconstructed land cover types.All datasets of the studies included have clear spatial resolution and are able to serve global change study. The main conclusions are as follows: Historical documents are the main sources of historical land cover change reconstruction and the methods of data’s extraction and calibration are different according to their data sources;the longest time period of foreign resultsis from 10000BC to 2000AD, while most of the domestic datasets cover the past 300 years, the main time resolution is decades or centuries; there are three types of study areas, including the whole China, the Eastern China and one or several provinces or a region with complete geographic pattern; the existing studies still focus on historical cropland cover change. It is important to make full use of different data sources, to enhance the study in areas with no historical land cover change data approaching the international requirement, to improve the gridding method and to integrate the existing data.
Key words: Land cover    Reconstructed types    Global change.    The source of data    Resolution
收稿日期: 2014-06-03 出版日期: 2014-09-10
:  P96  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“过去300年中国北方东部地区耕地覆盖变化重建与数据整合研究”(编号: 41471156);全球变化研究国家重大科学研究计划课题“暖期气候对中国社会经济的影响与人类适应研究”(编号: 2010CB950103)资助.
通讯作者: 叶瑜(1979-),女,新疆伊犁人,副教授,主要从事历史土地覆盖变化、历史气候变化影响研究.E-mail:yeyuleaffish@bnu.edu.cn     E-mail: xueqiong.wei@mail.bnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 魏学琼(1988-),女,山西阳泉人,博士研究生,主要从事历史土地覆盖变化研究.E-mail:xueqiong.wei@mail.bnu.edu.cn
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魏学琼, 叶瑜, 崔玉娟, 李蓓蓓, 袁存, 方修琦. 中国历史土地覆被变化重建研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(9): 1037-1045.

Wei Xueqiong, Ye Yu, Cui Yujuan, Li Beibei, Yuan Cun, Fang Xiuqi. Review of China’s Historical Land Cover Change Reconstructions. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(9): 1037-1045.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.09.1037        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I9/1037

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