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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (9): 1025-1036    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.09.1025
综述与评述     
中国土地利用/覆盖变化及其气候效应的研究综述
华文剑1,2,3,陈海山1,2,3*,李兴3
1. 南京信息工程大学 气象灾害预报预警与评估协同创新中心/气象灾害教育部重点实验室,江苏 南京 210044;
2. 南京信息工程大学 气候与环境变化国际联合实验室,江苏 南京 210044;
3. 南京信息工程大学 大气科学学院,江苏 南京 210044
Review of Land Use and Land Cover Change in China and Associated Climatic Effects
Hua Wenjian1,2,3, Chen Haishan1,2,3, Li Xing3
1.Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters/Key Laboratory of Meteorological Disaster, Ministry of Education, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology,Nanjing 210044, China;
2.International Joint Laboratory on Climate and Environment Change, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China;
3. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China
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摘要: 人类活动引起的土地利用/覆盖变化(Land Use and Land Cover Change,LUCC)是重要的外强迫之一,但是LUCC对全球及区域气候影响的研究仍然薄弱,至今无法对LUCC的气候效应问题做出系统的评估。研究针对人类活动比较剧烈的中国区域问题,首先回顾了近几十年来中国LUCC的特征,接着从观测和数值模拟2个方面系统地讨论了过去LUCC的研究成果,主要针对LUCC通过生物地球物理过程影响区域气候的工作,总结和归纳了LUCC对中国区域气候的影响问题,进而探讨了LUCC在未来气候变化中可能扮演的角色、亟待解决的问题,以及国内外在这方面的研究动态和未来发展方向。
关键词: 土地利用/覆盖变化生物地球物理过程气候效应    
Abstract: Land Use and Land Cover Change (LUCC) due to human activities is one of important anthropogenic forcings. However, the effects of LUCC on global and regional climate have not been addressed in depth yet. In particular, a systematic evaluation of the climatic effects associated with LUCC is lacking. In this paper, we reviewed the observational and simulation findings of LUCC-related issues, focusing on the characteristic of LUCC in China in recent decades and the impacts of biogeophysical processes on regional climate. The roles of LUCC in future projections and the issues which should be further studied were also discussed. In addition, the latest research tendency and future focuses at home and abroad were also described.
Key words: Biogeophysical processes    Climatic effects    Land Use and Land Cover Change (LUCC)
收稿日期: 2014-05-12 出版日期: 2014-09-10
:  P96  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金项目“土地利用变化对中国区域极端温度的影响及机理研究”(编号:41475083);南京信息工程大学人才启动基金(编号:2014r001)资助.
通讯作者: 陈海山(1973-),男,云南易门人,教授,主要从事陆面过程与气候数值模拟研究.E-mail:haishan@nuist.edu.cn     E-mail: chino-hua@163.com
作者简介: 华文剑(1986-),男,江苏海安人,讲师,主要从事陆气相互作用和气候数值模拟研究.E-mail:chino-hua@163.com
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华文剑, 陈海山, 李兴. 中国土地利用/覆盖变化及其气候效应的研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(9): 1025-1036.

Hua Wenjian, Chen Haishan, Li Xing. Review of Land Use and Land Cover Change in China and Associated Climatic Effects. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(9): 1025-1036.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.09.1025        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I9/1025

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