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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (9): 1046-1054    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.09.1046
研究论文     
内陆干旱区水资源管理调控模式
邓铭江1,石泉2
1.新疆维吾尔自治区水利厅,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000; 2.新疆塔里木河流域管理局,新疆 库尔勒 841000
Management and Regulation Pattern of Water Resource in Inland Arid Regions
Deng Mingjiang1, Shi Quan2
1.Water Resources Bureau of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830000, China;
2.Xinjiang Tarim River Basin Management Bureau, Korla 841000, China
 全文: PDF(1056 KB)   HTML
摘要: 在干旱区,由水资源过度开发利用而引起的生态环境问题十分普遍,水危机和生态环境恶化引起的社会经济可持续发展问题,已成为全世界普遍关注的热点。对于一个内陆河流域,究竟经济社会系统能用多少水?给河流生态系统应该留多少水?既要保护生态环境,又能加速社会经济发展,走出贫困,摆脱水—生态—经济系统的恶性循环,是亟待解决的现实难题。以新疆为例,阐述了社会水循环影响下的内陆河流水循环演变的格局、趋势和面临的挑战,综合分析了国内外地表水资源允许开发利用率的合理阈值,并在中国工程院关于西北地区水资源配置、生态环境建设等大量研究成果的基础上,提出了新疆内陆河流实现 “五五分账、三七调控”的水资源合理配置、调控管理模式,旨在为西北干旱区创新水资源管理并促进水—经济—生态协调发展提供参考。
关键词: 合理阈值水循环干旱区水资源格局演变    
Abstract: With the excessive exploitation and utilization of water resources, a number of ecological environmental problems have arisen in many rivers in arid regions. The effect has been particularly severe for many of the rivers, leading to the problem of sustainable development of society and economy. To protect the ecological environment and develop the social economy, we focused on two problems: ①How much water does the society need; ②How much water does the river needs. Based on a large number of scientific achievements of studying water resources allocation and eco-environmental management in Northwest of China by the Chinese Academy of Engineering, we studied the changing patterns and trends of water circulation of inland river in Xinjiang under the effects of social economic water cycle and the challenges we face in the future. We also studied the appropriate threshold of the exploitation and utilization of water resources rate both in China and abroad. We proposed a management and regulation pattern of water resources in two aspects. The water consumption divides the ecological environmental and social economic water consumption each 50% to 50%. The 30% of runoff in the river should be retained to maintain the basic natural water cycle. The maximum volume of water diversion from the river is no more than 70% of the runoff. This pattern provides reference for water resources management innovation and coordinating development of water, economy, and ecology in arid region in Northwest of China.
Key words: Water circulation    Water resources    Pattern evolution.    Appropriate threshold    Arid regions
收稿日期: 2014-05-14 出版日期: 2014-09-10
:  P343  
基金资助: 新疆维吾尔自治区科技计划项目“新疆水问题研究及其技术示范”中“新疆水资源及其利用关键技术和重大问题研究”课题专项课题“新疆农业用水调整的关键技术指标研究”(编号:201230117-01-02)资助.
作者简介: 邓铭江(1960-),男,湖南耒阳人,教授级高级工程师,主要从事水利水电工程建设管理和水资源规划研究.E-mail:xjdmj@163.com
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引用本文:

邓铭江, 石泉. 内陆干旱区水资源管理调控模式[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(9): 1046-1054.

Deng Mingjiang, Shi Quan. Management and Regulation Pattern of Water Resource in Inland Arid Regions. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(9): 1046-1054.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.09.1046        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I9/1046

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