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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (8): 917-928    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0917
“土地利用/覆盖变化与综合减灾”专辑     
人地耦合系统脆弱性研究进展
刘小茜1,2,王仰麟1,2*,彭  建1,2
1.北京大学城市与环境学院,北京  100871;  2.北京大学深圳研究生院城市人居环境重点实验室,广东  深圳  518055
Progress in Vulnerability Analysis of Coupled Human-Environment System
Liu Xiaoqian1,2,Wang Yanglin1,2,Peng Jian1,2
1.College of Urban and Environmental Sciences, Peking University,Beijing   100871,China; 
2.The Key Laboratory for Environmental and Urban Sciences, Shenzhen Graduate School,Peking University, Shenzhen  518055, China
 全文: PDF(27623 KB)  
摘要:

当前在以人地耦合系统为中心的气候变化、生态风险和可持续管理等研究中,脆弱性理论及其评价已成为地理学及很多相关学科的研究热点,其涵义不断泛化,内容日渐扩展。不同学科背景的学者对脆弱性解释存在很大分歧,这阻碍了研究的科学化,也影响研究成果的实践意义,迫切需要一个可行的框架来系统整合其理论和实践的研究。从审视脆弱性的理论沿革出发,分析其在国内外可持续发展和全球变化领域的应用现状,总结出分歧的主要原因是对相关概念关系的不理解以及研究时空尺度和学科视角的不明确。基于对脆弱性评价的整合框架的研究现状,选取VSD模型作为统领具体的脆弱性评价的依据。VSD模型的优势在于:①有明确的定义,将脆弱性分解为暴露程度、敏感性和适应潜力3个维度; ②用方面层—指标层—参数层逐级递进、细化的方式组织评价数据; ③有规范评价流程的8个步骤。最后以我国典型的干旱区为例,运用VSD模型构建了示例区脆弱性评价的指标和参数。

关键词: 脆弱性全球气候变化人地耦合系统整合VSD模型    
Abstract:

      The last several years have witnessed a significant evolution and extension in the connotation and contents of vulnerability and its applying knowledge spheres, especially in global climate change, environmental risks and sustainable management. Our understanding of vulnerability has been changing rapidly in both research and application. Vulnerability of human-environment systems is a multidimensional concept  made up of various categories and originates from sophisticated courses. It is undoubtedly a key to maintaining the balance of ecological system and to achieving sustainability development of human society. However, questions about the great divergence in theory and practical assessment of vulnerability of Coupled Human-Environmental Systems are emerging as a central focus of debates among scientists who are facing the challenge to depict a comprehensive and integrative vulnerability assessment framework. The integration calls for consideration of concepts, assessment approaches and data organization which may have a basis on the same basic data.
      In the first part of this paper, we generalize several differentiating sources on diversity definitions and practically work such as overlapping and confusing defined concepts, unclear relevant knowledge bases and multi-dimensional views. On the basis of analyzing various vulnerability articles, we define the vulnerability in terms of ecological risk, and clarify the relationships of those concerning concepts. A generalization by classifying the ongoing and finished researches was made: The global environmental change and the sustainable development with selective characteristics of each source listed in a table.
     To meet integration purpose, we proposed an framework for vulnerability-based assessment on the clarity of definition in view of local ecological risk and vulnerability, formal assessment approaches with eight steps and the indicator structuring technique: The VSD (Vulnerability Scoping Diagram) which organizes the data in an circular assessment diagram with “vulnerability” as the center and its three fundamental elements :Exposure-Sensitivity-Adaptive capacity in the first ring in general form with exposure unspecified, while, in the processes of a specific assessment form, evaluating layers as Dimension-Indicator-Measures rings will be developed to organize those flourishing data .

Key words: Vulnerability         Global environmental change         Coupled human-environment systems         Integration         VSD model
收稿日期: 2009-03-03 出版日期: 2009-08-10
:  P467  
基金资助:

国家科技支撑计划课题“综合生态风险与食物安全风险防范关键技术示范”(编号:2006BAD20B07);国家自然科学基金重点项目“城市景观格局演变及其生态环境效应研究”(编号:40635028);国家自然科学基金青年项目“基于景观格局的区域生态持续性评价”(编号:40801066)资助.

通讯作者: 王仰麟(1963-),男,陕西合阳人,教授,主要从事景观生态与土地利用、区域可持续发展研究.     E-mail: ylwang@urban.pku.edu.cn
作者简介: 刘小茜(1984-),女,内蒙赤峰人,硕士研究生,主要从事生态风险和生态环境脆弱性研究. E-mail:sarahliupku@gmail.com
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引用本文:

刘小茜,王仰麟,彭建. 人地耦合系统脆弱性研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(8): 917-928.

Liu Xiaoqian,Wang Yanglin,Peng Jian. Progress in Vulnerability Analysis of Coupled Human-Environment System. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(8): 917-928.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.08.0917        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I8/917

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