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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (9): 1033-1041    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.09.1033
全球变化研究     
全球变化背景下的敏感性研究综述
崔胜辉1,李方一1,2*,黄 静1,2,3,于裕贤1,2
1.中国科学院城市环境研究所,城市环境与健康重点实验室,福建  厦门  361021;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049;
3.中国科学院生态环境研究中心,北京 100085
Review of Sensitivity Research on the Context of Global Change
Cui Shenghui1, Li Fangyi1,2, Huang Jing1,2,3, Yu Yuxian1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Urban Environment and Health, Institute of Urban Environment, CAS,Xiamen 361021, China;
2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
3.Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, CAS, Beijing 100085, China
 全文: PDF(1307 KB)  
摘要:

      敏感性研究是全球变化科学研究的重点领域,通过认识全球变化和生态安全之间的相互关系,为人类适应全球变化提供科学依据。基于对敏感性概念的辨析,探讨了全球变化背景下敏感性的科学内涵,提出了敏感性研究的框架,列举了敏感性分析与评价各自的研究方法、对象和目标,从生物学实验、实地观测、计算机模型以及统计分析4个方面系统总结了敏感性分析的方法与实践,概述了非脆弱性和脆弱性框架下的敏感性评价方法与实践。发现在很多研究中敏感性评价是脆弱性框架中的重要一部分,但是评价自然生态系统对环境变化的敏感性则往往不依赖于脆弱性框架,是独立完整的研究。最后总结了敏感性研究的阶段性特征,指出了未来的研究重点和发展方向。

关键词: 敏感性分析敏感性评价脆弱性全球变化    
Abstract:

       Sensitivity is a hot topic of global change research. It provides scientific basis for human to adapt to global change with the knowledge of the interaction between global change and ecological security. Based on the discussing the concepts and contents of sensitivity on the context of global change, a research framework of sensitivity was put forward. After enumerating the objects, fields and targets of sensitivity analysis and sensitivity assessment, the methods and practices of sensitivity analysis were systematically summarized from biological experiments, field observations, models and statistical analysis. Meanwhile, an overview of sensitivity assessment through non-vulnerability framework and vulnerability framework were provided. Sensitivity assessment was an important portion of vulnerability framework in many projects, but it also appeared separately when assessing the sensitivity of natural ecosystem to environment changes. Finally the characteristics of sensitivity research at the present stage were discussed; the emphases and the development direction of sensitivity research were pointed out.

Key words: Sensitivity analysis    Sensitivity assessment    Vulnerability    Global change
收稿日期: 2009-04-27 出版日期: 2009-09-10
:  X24  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“环境变化下的城市海岸带脆弱性综合评价研究”(编号:40701059)资助.

通讯作者: 李方一(1985-),男,湖南常德人,硕士研究生,主要从事城市生态学相关研究.     E-mail: fyli@iue.ac.cn
作者简介: 崔胜辉(1973-),男,福建宁德人,副研究员,主要从事城市生态学、城市环境规划与管理研究. E-mail:shcui@iue.ac.cn
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崔胜辉,李方一,黄 静,于裕贤. 全球变化背景下的敏感性研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(9): 1033-1041.

Cui Shenghui, Li Fangyi, Huang Jing, Yu Yuxian. Review of Sensitivity Research on the Context of Global Change. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(9): 1033-1041.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.09.1033        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I9/1033

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