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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (1): 61-69    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.01.0061
“土地利用/覆盖变化与综合减灾”专辑     
可持续生计分析研究综述
苏 芳,徐中民,尚海洋
中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所寒旱区流域水文及应用生态实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
An Overview of Sustainable Livelihoods Approach
Su Fang,Xu Zhongmin,Shang Haiyang
Laboratory of Watershed Hydrology and Ecology, CAREERI,CAS,Lanzhou 730000,China
 全文: PDF(1123 KB)  
摘要:

可持续生计分析框架是围绕可持续发展而提出的一种新的研究工具,是一种旨在分析社会和物质环境之间多维复杂关系的框架。通过对可持续生计研究中的国外进展的系统阐述和理论总结,较为清晰和全面地把握了可持续生计分析框架的发展轨迹和重要成果,重点阐明了可持续生计分析框架中的脆弱性背景、生计资本、生计战略和生计输出、结构和过程的转变等组分以及它们之间的相互关系,显示出人们如何利用大量的资本、权利和可能的策略去追求某种生计出路的途径。并在此基础上,讨论了可持续生计分析框架在规划确认和设计、规划新的项目和检查评估现有发展活动中的应用;这些研究在扶贫领域具有较强的参照和指导意义。

关键词: 可持续生计脆弱性背景生计资本    
Abstract:

Sustainable livelihood Analysis has been a new research method for sustainable development and a framework to analyze the complex and multi-dimensional relationship between social and physical environment.   After the systematical and theoretical summary of the progress investigated at home and abroad about sustainable livelihood analysis, the article analyzes the development path and important results about sustainable livelihoods framework by a clear and comprehensive way.   By describing the vulnerability context analysis, livelihood capital, livelihood strategy, livelihood output and transforming structure and institution and their relative relationships in the sustainable livelihood analysis, the article summarizes the approach that people use with different capitals, rights and possible strategy in order to pursue for some livelihood outlet.   Based on these analyses, the paper discusses the application of sustainable livelihood to the project identification and design, new project planning and existing activities review.These studies in the area of poverty reduction have strong reference and guidance.
   Meanwhile, the developmental planning officers should identify and establish the starting point of development strategies in order to regulate and enhance the ability to maintain their livelihoods through the whole and participatory analysis about the local survival.

Key words: Sustainable livelihood analysis    Vulnerability context    Livelihood capital.
收稿日期: 2008-05-23 出版日期: 2009-01-10
:  F061.3  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“中国西北地区虚拟水战略研究”(编号:40671076);中国科学院西部行动计划(二期)“流域集成水资源管理战略研究”(编号:KZCX2-XB2-04-04)资助.

通讯作者: 苏 芳     E-mail: sofinedj@126.com
作者简介: 苏芳(1981-),女,甘肃兰州人,博士研究生,主要从事生态经济方面的研究. E-mail:sofinedj@126.com
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引用本文:

苏芳,徐中民,尚海洋. 可持续生计分析研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(1): 61-69.

Su Fang,Xu Zhongmin,Shang Haiyang. An Overview of Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(1): 61-69.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.01.0061        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I1/61

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