Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (10): 1138-1148    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1138
全球变化研究     
草地生态系统土壤有机碳库对人为干扰和全球变化的响应研究进展
肖胜生1,2,董云社1*,齐玉春1,彭琴1,2,何亚婷1,2,杨智杰3
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;  2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039;
3.湿润亚热带生态—地理过程省部共建教育部重点实验室,福建 福州 350007
Advance in responses of soil organic carbon pool of grassland ecosystem to human effects and global changes
Xiao Shengsheng1,2, Dong Yunshe1, Qi Yuchun1,Peng Qin1,2, He Yating1,2, Yang Zhijie3
1.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;
2.Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100149;
3.Key Laboratory of Humid Subtropical Eco-geographical Process (Fujian Normal University), Ministry of Education, Fuzhou 350007,China
 全文: PDF(1063 KB)  
摘要:

    草地土壤碳库碳储量及其变化与调控机制是草地碳循环研究的核心。草地生态系统正经受着越来越严重的人为与自然因素干扰,如土地利用变化、大气氮沉降增加、施肥及大气CO2浓度与温度升高。因此,加强人为干扰和全球变化背景下草地土壤有机碳库的响应研究有重要意义。总结了放牧、草地开垦及外来氮素输入等3种主要的人类活动对土壤有机碳总量和活性碳组分的影响及其对全球变化的响应与适应,在此基础上指出了目前草地生态系统土壤有机碳库研究的薄弱环节及今后的重点研究领域。

 

关键词:  草地生态系统土壤有机碳土壤活性碳全球变化    
Abstract:

      The stocks and its change mechanism of soil carbon pool in grassland are the core of grassland ecosystem carbon cycle research. Grassland are undergoing serious disturbance, such as land-use change, nitrogen input (nitrogen decomposition and fertilization), elevated CO2 and global warming. Strengthening the research in responses of grass soil organic carbon pool to the disturbance is of great importance. Here we reviewed the effects of grazing, grassland cultivation, and external nitrogen input on soil organic carbon pool including soil active carbon fraction and their responses to global change. The main research directions in this field in the future were also suggested.

Key words: grassland ecosystem    soil organic carbon    soil active carbon    global change
收稿日期: 2009-04-27 出版日期: 2009-10-10
:  X144  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“温带草地植被—土壤系统碳氮耦合特征及其对氮素水平的响应”(编号:40730105);国家自然科学基金面上项目“温带荒漠草原碳排放与碳固存及其与草地退化恢复的耦合分析”(编号:40501072)和“温带草原土壤呼吸区域分异的生物环境机制及关键问题探索”(编号:40673067);国家科技攻关计划“典型陆地生态系统功能变化的人文因素检测”(编号: 2007BAC03A11-02)资助.

通讯作者: 董云社(1961-), 男, 陕西武功人, 研究员, 博士生导师, 主要从事陆地表层生命元素环境生物地球化学循环研究.     E-mail: dongys@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: 肖胜生(1981-), 男, 湖北黄冈人, 博士研究生, 主要从事全球变化及环境生物地球化学方面研究. E-mail:xss19811213@163.com
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
肖胜生
董云社
齐玉春
彭琴
何亚婷
杨智杰

引用本文:

肖胜生,董云社,齐玉春,彭琴,何亚婷,杨智杰. 草地生态系统土壤有机碳库对人为干扰和全球变化的响应研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(10): 1138-1148.

Xiao Shengsheng, Dong Yunshe, Qi Yuchun,Peng Qin, He Yating, Yang Zhijie. Advance in responses of soil organic carbon pool of grassland ecosystem to human effects and global changes. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(10): 1138-1148.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1138        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I10/1138

[1] Schlesinger W H. Evidence from chronosequence studies for a low carbon-storage potential of soils[J].Nature, 1990, 348(6 298):232-234.
[2] Li Linghao, Chen Zuozhong. The global carbon cycle in grassland ecosystems and its responses to global change I. Carbon flow compartment model, input and storage[J].Chinese Bulletin of Botany,1998, 15(2):14-22.[李凌浩,陈佐忠.草地生态系统碳循环及其对全球变化的响应 I.碳循环的分室模型、碳输入与贮存[J].植物学通报, 1998, 15(2):14-22.]
[3] Parton W J, Schimel D S, Cole C V, et al. Analysis of factors controlling soil organic matter levels in Great-Plains grassland[J].Soil Science Society of America Journal,1987, 51(5):1 173-1 179.
[4] Qi Yuchun, Dong Yunshe, Geng Yuanbo, et al. The Progress in the carbon cycle researches in grassland ecosystem in China[J].Progress in Geography,2003, 22(4):342-352.[齐玉春,董云社,耿元波,等.我国草地生态系统碳循环研究进展[J].地理科学进展, 2003, 22(4):342-352.]
[5] Don A, Schulze E D. Controls on fluxes and export of dissolved organic carbon in grasslands with contrasting soil types[J].Biogeochemistry,2008, 91(2/3):117-131.
[6] IPCC. Landuse, Landuse Change, and Forestry[R]. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
[7] Post W M, Izaurralde R C, Mann L K, et al. Monitoring and verifying changes of organic carbon in soil[J]. Climatic Change,2001, 51(1):73-99.
[8] Han Shijie, Dong Yunshe, Cai Zucong, et al.The Biogeochemical Process of Terrestrial Ecosystems Carbon Cycle in China\[M\].Beijing:Science Press,2008.[韩士杰, 董云社, 蔡祖聪, 等. 中国陆地生态系统碳循环的生物地球化学过程[M]. 北京: 科学出版社, 2008.]
[9] Peng Qin, Dong Yunshe, Qi Yuchun. Influence of external nitrogen input on key processes of carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystem[J].Advances in Earth Science,2008, 23(8):874-882.[彭琴,董云社,齐玉春.氮输入对陆地生态系统碳循环关键过程的影响[J].地球科学进展, 2008, 23(8):874-882.]
[10] Zhou Tao, Shi Peijun. Indirect impacts of land use change on soil organic carbon in China[J].Advances in Earth Science,2006, 21(2):138-143.[周涛, 史培军. 土地利用变化对中国土壤碳储量变化的间接影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2):138-143.]
[11] Nouvellon Y, Rambal S, Lo Seen D, et al. Modelling of daily fluxes of water and carbon from shortgrass steppes[J].Agricultural and Forest Meteorology,2000, 100(2/3):137-153.
[12] Jones M B, Donnelly A. Carbon sequestration in temperate grassland ecosystems and the influence of management, climate and elevated CO2[J].New Phytologist,2004, 164(3):423-439.
[13] Liao J D, Boutton T W, Jastrow J D. Storage and dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in soil physical fractions following woody plant invasion of grassland[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2006, 38(11):3 184-3 196.
[14] Derner J D, Boutton T W, Briske D D. Grazing and ecosystem carbon storage in the North American Great Plains[J].Plant and Soil,2006, 280(1/2):77-90.
[15] Zhao Y, Peth S, Krummelbein J, et al. Spatial variability of soil properties affected by grazing intensity in Inner Mongolia grassland[J].Ecological Modelling,2007, 205(1/2):241-254.
[16] Dong Yunshe, Qi Yuchun, Geng Yuanbo. Process research in grassland ecosystem[C]//Chen Panqin,ed. Earth System Carbon Cycle.Beijing: Science Press, 2004:249.[董云社,齐玉春,耿元波.草地生态系统过程研究[C]//陈泮勤主编.地球系统碳循环.北京:科学出版社, 2004:249.]
[17] Wang Y H, Zhou G S, Jia B R. Modeling SOC and NPP responses of meadow steppe to different grazing intensities in Northeast China[J].Ecological Modelling,2008, 217(1/2):72-78.
[18] Schuman G E, Herrick J E, Janzen H H. The dynamics of soil carbon in rangelands[C]//Follet R F, Kimble J M, Lal R,eds. The Potential of US Grazing Lands to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect.Lewis Publisher, USA, 2001:267-290.
[19] Raiesi F, Asadi E. Soil microbial activity and litter turnover in native grazed and ungrazed rangelands in a semiarid ecosystem[J].Biology and Fertility of Soils,2006, 43(1):76-82.
[20] Shrestha G, Stahl P D. Carbon accumulation and storage in semi-arid sagebrush steppe: Effects of long-term grazing exclusion[J].Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment,2008, 125(1/4):173-181.
[21] Wang Yanfen, Chen Zuozhong, Larry T, et al. Distribution of soil organic carbon in the major grasslands of Xilinguole, Inner Mongolia, China[J].Acta Phytoecologica Sinica,1998, 22(6):545-551.[王艳芬,陈佐忠, Larry T,等.人类活动对锡林郭勒地区主要草原土壤有机碳分布的影响[J].植物生态学报, 1998, 22(6):545-551.]
[22] Holt J A. Grazing pressure and soil carbon, microbial biomass and enzyme activities in semi-arid northeastern Australia[J].Applied Soil Ecology,1997, 5(2):143-149.
[23] Schuman G E, Reeder J D, Manley J T, et al. Impact of grazing management on the carbon and nitrogen balance of a mixed-grass rangeland[J].Ecological Applications,1999, 9: 65-71.
[24] Zhang Xuhui, Li Dianyou, Pan Genxing, et al. Conservation of wetland soil C stock and climate change of China[J].Advances in Climate Change Ressearch, 2008,4(4):202-208.[张旭辉,李典友,潘根兴,等.中国湿地土壤碳库保护与气候变化问题[J].气候变化研究进展, 2008, 4(4):202-208.]
[25] Fu Hua, Chen Yaming, Wang Yanrong, et al. Organic carbon content in major grassland types in Alex, Inner Mongolia[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2004, 24(3):469-476.[傅华,陈亚明,王彦荣,等.阿拉善主要草地类型土壤有机碳特征及其影响因素[J].生态学报, 2004, 24(3):469-476.]
[26] Xie Z B, Zhu J G, Liu G, et al. Soil organic carbon stocks in China and changes from 1980s to 2000s[J]. Global Change Biology,2007,13(9):1 989-2 007.
[27] Schuman G E, Reeder J D, Manley J T, et al. Impact of grazing management on the carbon and nitrogen balance of a mixed-grass rangeland[J].Ecological Applications,1999, 9(1):65-71.
[28] Reeder J D, Schuman G E, Morgan J A, et al. Response of organic and inorganic carbon and nitrogen to long-term grazing of the shortgrass steppe[J].Environmental Management,2004, 33(4):485-495.
[29] Mortenson M C, Schuman G E, Ingram, L J. Carbon sequestration in rangelands interseeded with yellowflowering alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp falcata)[J].Environmental Management,2004,33(suppl.1):475-481.
[30] Solomon D, Lehmann J, Zech W. Land use effects on soil organic matter properties of chromic luvisols in semi-arid northern Tanzania: Carbon, nitrogen, lignin and carbohydrates[J].Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment,2000, 78(3):203-213.
[31] Motavalli P P, Discekici H, Kuhn J. The impact of land clearing and agricultural practices on soil organic C fractions and CO2 efflux in the Northern Guam aquifer[J].Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment,2000,79(1):17-27.
[32] Ma Xiuzhi, Wang Yanfen, Wang Shiping,et al. Impacts of grazing on soil carbon fractions in the grasslands of Xilin River Basin, Inner Mongolia[J].Acta Phytoecologica Sinica,2005, 29(4):569-576.[马秀枝,王艳芬,汪诗平,等.放牧对内蒙古锡林河流域草原土壤碳组分的影响[J].植物生态学报, 2005, 29(4):569-576.]
[33] He N P, Yu Q, Wu L, et al. Carbon and nitrogen store and storage potential as affected by land-use in a Leymus chinensis grassland of northern China[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2008, 40(12):2 952-2 959.
[34] Qi Y C, Dong Y S, Liu J Y, et al. Effect of the conversion of grassland to spring wheat field on the CO2 emission characteristics in Inner Mongolia, China[J].Soil & Tillage Research,2007, 94(2):310-320.
[35] Lal R J, Kimele, Follett R. Land use and soil C pool in terrestrial ecosystems[C]//Stewart B A, ed. Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil.Boca Raton: CRC Press, FL, USA,1998:1-10.
[36] Wang Y, Amundson R, Trumbore S. The impact of land use change on C turnover in soils[J].Global Biogeochemical Cycles,1999, 13(1):47-57.
[37] Guo L B, Gifford R M. Soil carbon stocks and land use change: A meta analysis[J].Global Change Biology,2002,8:345-360.
[38] Jones M B, Alison Donnelly.Carbon sequestration in temperate grassland ecosystems and the influence of management, climate and elevated CO2[J].New Phytologist,2004, 164:423-439.
[39] Chen Fusheng, Zeng Dehui, Chen Guangsheng. Effects of reclamation on soil organic carbon of some meadow soils[J].Chinese Journal of Soil Science,2004, 35(4):413-419.[陈伏生,曾德慧,陈广生.开垦对草甸土有机碳的影响[J].土壤通报,2004,35(4):413-419.]
[40] Li Linghao. Effects of land use change on soil carbon storage in grassland ecosystems[J].Acta Phytoecologica Sinica,1998, 22(4):300-302.\[李凌浩.土地利用变化对草原生态系统土壤碳贮量的影响[J]. 植物生态学报, 1998, 22(4):300-302.]
[41] Galloway J N, Aber J D, Erisman J W, et al. The nitrogen cascade[J].Bioscience,2003, 53(4):341-356.
[42] Lu Xiankai, Mo Jiangming, Li Dejun,et al. Effects of simulated N deposition on the photosynthetic and physiologic characteristics of dominant understorey plants in Dinghushan Mountain of subtropical China[J]. Journal of Beijing Forestry University,2007, 29(6):1-9.[鲁显楷,莫江明,李德军,等.鼎湖山主要林下层植物光合生理特性对模拟氮沉降的响应[J].北京林业大学学报, 2007, 29(6):1-9.]
[43] Unlu K, Ozenirler G, Yurteri C. Nitrogen fertilizer leaching from cropped and irrigated sandy soil in central Turkey[J].European Journal of Soil Science,1999, 50(4):609-620.
[44] Conant R T, Paustian K, Elliott E T. Grassland management and conversion into grassland: Effects on soil carbon[J].Ecological Applications,2001,11(2):343-355.
[45] Malhi S S, Harapiak J T, Nyborg M, et al. Total and light fraction organic C in a thin Black Chernozemic grassland soil as affected by 27 annual applications of six rates of fertilizer N[J].Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems,2003, 66(1):33-41.
[46] Mack M C, Schuur E A G, Bret-Harte M S. Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization[J].Nature,2004, 431(7 007):440-443.
[47] Neff J C, Townsend A R, Gleixner G, et al. Variable effects of nitrogen additions on the stability and turnover of soil carbon[J].Nature,2002, 419(6 910):915-917.
[48] Soussana J F, Loiseau P, Vuichard N, et al. Carbon cycling and sequestration opportunities in temperate grasslands[J].Soil Use and Management,2004, 20:219-230.
[49] Nadelhoffer K J, Emmett B A, Gundersen P, et al. Nitrogen deposition makes a minor contribution to carbon sequestration in temperate forests[J].Nature,1999, 398(6 723):145-148.
[50] Hagedorn F, Spinnler D, Siegwolf R. Increased N deposition retards mineralization of old soil organic matter[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2003, 35(12):1 683-1 692.
[51] Cao Yusong, Li Zhian, Fu Shenglei, et al. Effects of simulated Nitrogen deposition on carbon release from Three plantation soils in Heshan[J].Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis,2006, 28(1):101-105.[曹裕松,李志安,傅声雷,等.模拟氮沉降对鹤山3种人工林表土碳释放的影响[J].江西农业大学学报, 2006, 28(1):101-105.]
[52] Saiya-Cork K R, Sinsabaugh R L, Zak D R. The effects of long term nitrogen deposition on extracellular enzyme activity in an Acer saccharum forest soil[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2002, 34(9):1 309-1 315.
[53] Emmett B A, Gordon C, Williams D L, et al. Grazing/nitrogen Deposition  Interactions in Upland Acid Grassland[R].Report to the UK Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bangor, 2001.
[54] Gundersen P, Emmett B A, Kjonaas O J, et al. Impact of nitrogen deposition on nitrogen cycling in forests: A synthesis of NITREX data[J].Forest Ecology and Management,1998,101(1/3):37-56.
[55] Fisk M C, Fahey T J. Microbial biomass and nitrogen cycling responses to fertilization and litter removal in young northern hardwood forests[J].Biogeochemistry,2001, 53(2):201-223.
[56] Hart S C, Stark J M. Nitrogen limitation of the microbial biomass in an old-growth forest soil[J].Ecoscience, 1997, 4(1):91-98.
[57] Wang Yan, Shen Qirong, Shi Ruihe, et al. Changes of soil microbial biomass C, N and P and the N transformation after application of organic and inorganic fertilizers[J].Acta pedologica Sinica,1998, 35(2):227-234.[王岩,沈其荣,史瑞和,等.有机、无机肥料施用后土壤生物量C、N、P的变化及N素转化[J].土壤学报,1998, 35(2):227-234.]
[58] Lee K H, Jose S. Soil respiration, fine root production, and microbial biomass in cottonwood and loblolly pine plantations along a nitrogen fertilization gradient[J].Forest Ecology and Management,2003, 185(3):263-273.
[59] Sarathchandra S U, Perrott K W, Boase M R, et al. seasonal-changes and the effects of fertilizer on some chemical, biochemical and microbiological characteristics of high-producing pastoral soil[J].Biology and Fertility of Soils,1988, 6(4):328-335.
[60] Bardgett R D, Leemans D K. The short-term effects of cessation of fertilizer applications, liming, and grazing on microbial biomass and activity in a reseeded upland grassland soil[J].Biology and Fertility of Soils,1995, 19(2/3):148-154.
[61] Han Yongwei, Gao Jixi. Analysis of main ecological problems of grasslands and relevant countermeasures in China[J].Research of Environmental Sciences,2005,18(3):60-62.[韩永伟,高吉喜.中国草地主要生态环境问题分析与防治对策[J].环境科学研究, 2005, 18(3):60-62.]
[62] IPCC. Climate Change 2001 The Scientific Basis[C]//Houghton J T, Ding Y, Griggs D J,et al,eds. The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001:185-237.
[63] Gurney K,Neff J. Carbon sequestration potential in Canada[C]//Russian and the United States under Artide 3.4 of the Kyoto Protocol.2000.
[64] Guo Ran, Wang Xiaoke, Lu Fei, et al. Soil carbon sequestration and its potential by grassland ecosystems in China[J].Acta Ecologica Sinica,2008, 28(2):862-867.[郭然,王效科, 逯非, 等. 中国草地土壤生态系统固碳现状和潜力[J]. 生态学报, 2008, 28(2):862-867.]
[65] Lal R, Henderlong P, Flowers M. Forages and row cropping effects on soil organic carbon and nitrogen contents[C]//Stewart B A, eds. Management of Carbon Sequestration in Soil. Boca Raton: CRC Press, FL, USA,1998:365-379.
[66] Ma Z, Wood C W, Bransby D I. Soil management impacts on soil carbon sequestration by switchgrass[J]. Biomass & Bioenergy,2000, 18(6):469-477.
[67] Post W M, Kwon K C. Soil carbon sequestration and land-use change: Processes and potential[J].Global Change Biology,2000, 6:317-327.
[68] van Veen J A, Liljeroth E, Lekkerkerk L J A, et al. Carbon fluxes in plant-soil systems at elevated atmospheric CO2 levels[J].Ecological Applications, 1991,1:175-181.
[69] Chen Chunmei, Xie Zubin, Zhu Jianguo. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration on soil carbon[J].Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture,2008,16(1):217-222. [陈春梅,谢祖彬,朱建国.大气CO2浓度升高对土壤碳库的影响[J].中国生态农业学报, 2008, 16(1):217-222.]
[70] Hungate B A, Jackson R B, Field C B, et al. Detecting changes in soil carbon in CO2 enrichment experiments[J].Plant and Soil,1996, 187(2):135-145.
[71] Xie Z, Cadisch G, Edwards G, et al. Carbon dynamics in a temperate grassland soil after 9 years exposure to elevated CO2 (Swiss FACE)[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry, 2005, 37(7):1 387-1 395.
[72] Verburg P S J, Gorissen A, Arp W J. Carbon allocation and decomposition of root-derived organic matter in a plant-soil system of Calluna Vulgaris as affected by elevated CO2[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,1998, 30(10/11): 1 251-1 258.
[73] Cardon Z G, Hungate B A, Cambardella C A, et al. Contrasting effects of elevated CO2 on old and new soil carbon pools[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2001, 33(3):365-373.
[74] Gorissen A, Vanginkel J H, Keurentjes J J B, et al. Grass root decomposition is retarded when grass has been grown under elevated CO2[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,1995, 27(1):117-120.
[75] van Ginkel J H, Whitmore A P, Gorissen A. Lolium perenne grasslands may function as a sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide[J].Journal of Environmental Quality,1999, 28(5):1 580-1 584.
[76] Wang S P, Zhou G S, Gao S H, et al. Soil organic carbon and labile carbon along a precipitation gradient and their responses to some environmental changes[J].Pedosphere,2005, 15(5):676-680.
[77] Allen L H, Albrecht S L, Boote K J, et al. Soil organic carbon and nitrogen accumulation in plots of rhizoma perennial peanut and bahiagrass grown in elevated carbon dioxide and temperature[J].Journal of Environmental Quality,2006, 35(4):1 405-1 412.
[78] Schimel D S. Terrestrial ecosystems and the carbon-cycle[J].Global Change Biology,1995, 1(1):77-91.
[79] Melillo J M, Steudler P A, Aber J D, et al. Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate system[J].Science,2002, 298(5 601):2 173-2 176.
[80] Knorr W, Prentice I C, House J I, et al. Long-term sensitivity of soil carbon turnover to warming[J].Nature, 2005, 433(7 023):298-301.
[81] Fierer N, Craine J M, McLauchlan K, et al. Litter quality and the temperature sensitivity of decomposition[J].Ecology,2005, 86(2):320-326.
[82] Fang C M, Smith P, Moncrieff J B, et al. Similar response of labile and resistant soil organic matter pools to changes in temperature[J].Nature,2005, 433(7 021):57-59.
[83] Cao M K, Woodward F I. Net primary and ecosystem production and carbon stocks of terrestrial ecosystems and their responses to climate change[J].Global Change Biology,1998, 4:185-198.
[84] Parton W J, Scurlock J M O, Ojima D S, et al. Impact of climate change on grassland production and soil carbon worldwide[J].Global Change Biology,1995,1:13-22.
[85] Riedo M, Gyalistras D, Fuhrer J. Pasture responses to elevated temperature and doubled CO2 concentration: Assessing the spatial pattern across an alpine landscape[J].Climate Research, 2001,17:19-31.
[86] Kirschbaum M U F. Will changes in soil organic carbon act as a positive or negative feedback on global warming?[J].Biogeochemistry, 2000, 48(1):21-51.
[87] Thompson L G, Yao T, Mosley-Thompson E, et al. A high-resolution millennial record of the South Asian Monsoon from Himalayan ice cores[J].Science,2000, 289(5 486):1 916-1 919.
[88] Liu X D, Chen B D. Climatic warming in the Tibetan Plateau during recent decades[J].International Journal of Climatology,2000, 20(14):1 729-1 742.
[89] Belay-Tedla A, Zhou X H, Su B,et al. Labile, recalcitrant, and microbial carbon and nitrogen pools of a tallgrass prairie soil in the US Great Plains subjected to experimental warming and clipping[J].Soil Biology & Biochemistry,2009, 41(1):110-116.
[90] Peng Shaolin, Li Yuelin, Ren Hai, et al. Progress in research on soil respiration under the global change[J]. Advances in Earth Science,2002, 17(5):705-713.[彭少麟,李跃林,任海,等.全球变化条件下的土壤呼吸效应[J].地球科学进展, 2002,17(5):705-713.]

[1] 阚泽忠,金立新,李忠惠,杨振鸿,张 华,包雨函. 成都经济区不同地貌景观区土壤有机碳分布特征及储量估算[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(10): 1126-1133.
[2] 何亚婷,齐玉春,董云社,彭琴,肖胜生,刘欣超. 外源氮输入对草地土壤微生物特性影响的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(8): 877-885.
[3] 万国江,郑向东,Lee H N,Bai Z G,万恩源,王仕禄,杨伟,苏菲,汤洁,王长生,黄荣贵,刘鹏. 黔中气溶胶传输的210Pb和7Be示踪:Ⅰ.周时间尺度的解释[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(5): 492-504.
[4] 李新,摆玉龙. 顺序数据同化的Bayes滤波框架[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(5): 515-522.
[5] 尹锴,赵千钧,赵煜. 城市森林生态服务功能在城市景观规划中应用的思考[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 444-450.
[6] 黄思静,龚业超,黄可可,佟宏鹏. 埋藏历史对碳酸盐溶解—沉淀的影响——以四川盆地东北部三叠系飞仙关组和塔里木盆地北部奥陶系为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 381-390.
[7] 张泓,张群,曹代勇,李小彦,李贵红,黄文辉,冯宏,靳德武,张子敏,贾建称,石智军,邵龙义,程建远,汤达祯,姜在炳. 中国煤田地质学的现状与发展战略[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(4): 343-352.
[8] 高抒. 长江三角洲对流域输沙变化的响应:进展与问题[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(3): 233-241.
[9] 肖传桃,刘 丰. 事件地层单位的理论及实践——以中扬子台地震旦—寒武纪界线事件集群为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(3): 290-296.
[10] 李新,程国栋,吴立宗. 数字黑河的思考与实践1:为流域科学服务的数字流域[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(3): 297-305.
[11] 李新,吴立宗,马明国,盖迎春,冉有华,王亮绪,南卓铜. 数字黑河的思考与实践2:数据集成[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(3): 306-316.
[12] 涂钢,支克广,支平,付光极,王建平. 大气折射指数的结构参数与北方5~9月降雨的强相关现象[J]. 地球科学进展, 2010, 25(11): 1291-1295.
[13] 崔胜辉,李方一,黄 静,于裕贤. 全球变化背景下的敏感性研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(9): 1033-1041.
[14] 康国婷,阎广建,任华忠,王颢星,钱永刚. 田块尺度作物辐射温度获取方法对比研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(7): 784-792.
[15] 冉有华,李新,王维真,晋 锐. 黑河流域临泽盐碱化草地网格尺度多层土壤水分时空稳定性分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(7): 817-824.