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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (10): 1130-1137    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1130
研究论文     
活动断层的构造地球化学研究现状
赵军1,2,郑国东1,3*,付碧宏4
1.中国科学院油气资源研究重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000;    2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100049;
3.中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所工程地质力学重点实验室,北京 100029;
4.中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所岩石圈演化国家重点实验室,北京 100029
Current Development of Tectonic-Geochemical Studies on Active Fault Zones
Zhao Jun1,2, Zheng Guodong1,3, Fu Bihong4
1.Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resources Research, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS, Lanzhou 730000, China;
2.Graduate University of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100029, China;
3.Key Laboratory of Engineering Geomechanics, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China;
4.State Key Laboratory of Lithospheric Evolution, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, CAS, Beijing 100029, China
 全文: PDF(1052 KB)  
摘要:

      活动断层在形成演化过程中经常伴随很多复杂的构造地球化学作用,并导致诸如应力矿物的生长、断层泥矿物颗粒表面微形貌的形成、气体同位素异常等地质现象的出现,它们都可以用来判识活动断层的活动性、启闭性以及断裂带的三维展布状况,尤其是断裂带的深度等问题。因此,有关活动断裂带的断层泥、流体地球化学以及相关的水—岩相互作用等问题一直吸引众多科学家的密切关注,并在许多领域取得了丰硕的成果。但是,由于构造地质作用的极端复杂性,构造地球化学研究也仍然存在一些需要深入探究的科学问题。

关键词: 活动断层构造地球化学水岩相互作用流体地球化学断层泥    
Abstract:

        Various kinds of complicated tectono-geochemical processes always occurred in active fault zones along with their formation and evolution, which showed many abnormal phenomena such as the growth of stress minerals, the formation of surface micro-appearances of mineral particles in the fault gouge and/or rocks, gasous isotopic anomaly and so on. Systematic researches on the abnormal phenomena could be helpful to obtain significant information on the activity, opening and sealing properties and the three-dimensional layout, especially the fault depth etc. in active fault zones. Because active fault zones are normally very complicated with numerous physical-chemical processes, there are still large space and challenges for geochemical researches on fault gouge, fluid geochemistry, and water-rock interactions in the active fault zones.

Key words: active fault    tectono-geochemistry    water-rock interaction    fluid geochemistry    fault gouge
收稿日期: 2009-04-24 出版日期: 2009-10-10
:  P59  
基金资助:

中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所工程地质力学重点实验室“开放课题”“映秀—北川断裂活动性构造地球化学研究”(编号: 200903); 中国科学院“百人计划”项目 (2007年度择优支持)(编号: 2006060)资助.

通讯作者: 郑国东(1961-), 男, 山东寿光人, 研究员, 主要从事油气储层地球化学、工程地球化学及环境地球化学研究.     E-mail: gdzhuk@hotmail.com
作者简介: 赵军(1981-), 男, 湖北利川人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事构造地球化学研究. E-mail:xiaohe_125@sina.com
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赵军,郑国东,付碧宏. 活动断层的构造地球化学研究现状[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(10): 1130-1137.

Zhao Jun, Zheng Guodong, Fu Bihong. Current Development of Tectonic-Geochemical Studies on Active Fault Zones. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(10): 1130-1137.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1130        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I10/1130

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