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地球科学进展  2000, Vol. 15 Issue (5): 559-564    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0559
综述与评述     
海洋二氧化碳的研究进展

张远辉,王伟强,陈立奇

①国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门 361005;②国家海洋局极地考察办公室,北京 100860
ADVANCES IN STUDIES OF OCEANIC CARBON DIOXIDE
ZHANG Yuan-hui, WANG Wei-qiang, CHEN Li-qi
①Third Institute of Oceanography,SOA,Xiamen 361005,China;②Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration,SOA,Beijing 100860,China
 全文: PDF(390 KB)  
摘要:

海洋是一个巨大的碳库,具有潜在的缓冲大气CO2增加的能力,研究CO2在海洋中的转移和归宿,对于预测未来大气CO2含量乃至全球气候变化具有重要意义。综述了海洋CO2的研究现状,着重介绍海洋CO2的源与汇、海—气CO2通量的估算以及海洋环流、生物泵和海洋生态在海洋碳循环中的作用,并对该研究领域的发展趋势进行了总结。

关键词: 海洋CO2海—气通量生物泵海洋环流海洋生态系统    
Abstract:

The oceans are a huge reservoir for CO2,containing 50 times more than the atmosphere and 20 times more than the biosphere,furthermore,they play an important role in regulating the levels of atmospheric CO2,and hence global climate.The CO2 between the oceans and the atmosphere is out of equilibrium ,the equatorial Pacific and Atlantic oceans are supersaturated with CO2 and hence are strong CO2 source areas,on the other hand,the Southern and the North Atlantic oceans are strong sinks of atmospheric CO2.The oceans have taken up large amounts of anthropogenic CO2,models of global carbon cycle yield a mean oceanic CO2 uptake of 2.0 Gt C/a.The oceans' capacity to take up CO2 depends laregely on the effect of the biological pump and the dynamics of ocean circulation.Future concentration of atmospheric CO2 is hard to predict because of our incomplete understanding of how the oceans would respond to the global warming.To improve our ability to estimate future CO2 concentration,intense further research on oceanic CO2 is necessary.

Key words: Oceanic CO2    Air-sea flux    Biological pump    Ocean circulation    Marine ecosystem.
收稿日期: 1999-10-13 出版日期: 2000-10-01
:  P734.4+5  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“南大洋海冰区碳循环的研究”(编号:49836001)和福建省自然科学基金项目“厦门海域二氧化碳通量及循环研究”(编号:D96009)联合资助。

通讯作者: 张远辉(1962-),男,福建惠安人,副研究员,主要从事海洋碳化学研究    
作者简介: 张远辉(1962-),男,福建惠安人,副研究员,主要从事海洋碳化学研究
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引用本文:

张远辉,王伟强,陈立奇. 海洋二氧化碳的研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2000, 15(5): 559-564.

ZHANG Yuan-hui, WANG Wei-qiang, CHEN Li-qi. ADVANCES IN STUDIES OF OCEANIC CARBON DIOXIDE. Advances in Earth Science, 2000, 15(5): 559-564.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2000.05.0559        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2000/V15/I5/559

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