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地球科学进展  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (6): 618-628    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0618
综述与评述     
海因里希事件与类海因里希事件
刘景昱(),方念乔()
中国地质大学(北京)海洋学院,北京 100083
Heinrich Events and Heinrich(-like) Events
Jingyu Liu(),Nianqiao Fang()
School of Ocean Sciences, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China
 全文: PDF(7088 KB)   HTML
摘要:

北大西洋冰筏碎屑(IRD)带内的沉积物中存在表征剧烈气候突变的冰筏碎屑层,它们通常被认为是末次冰期的海因里希事件和末次冰期之外的类海因里希事件的产物。在(类)海因里希事件发生期间,地球大气圈、海洋圈和冰冻圈在千年尺度上发生强烈的相互作用,并对全球气候产生了深远影响。近30年来关于海因里希事件及其远程响应的研究成果丰硕,目前更加聚焦于(类)海因里希事件的触发机制,以及寻找识别事件的代用新指标等方面。同一研究区内类海因里希事件在深海氧同位素阶段(MIS)16期间的首次出现,是中更新世转型之后重大的标志性气候机制的启动事件,对其研究可能需要引入与特大冰盖和长期冰期相关的新的冰盖动力学模式,当前正在形成新的研究热点。

关键词: 海因里希事件类海因里希事件冰筏碎屑碎屑碳酸盐物质    
Abstract:

Ice-raft debris layers in the North Atlantic sediments of IRD belt characterize abrupt climate variability, corresponding to Heinrich events during the Last Glacial and Heinrich(-like) events beyond the Last Glacial. During Heinrich/(-like) events, the Earth's atmosphere, hydrosphere and cryosphere interacted strongly on the millennial-scale and had a profound impact on the global climate. In more than 30 years of continuous research on Heinrich/(-like) events and their remote response, the results have been more focused on the trigger mechanism and the new distinguished proxies of Heinrich/(-like) events. The first occurrence of Heinrich/(-like) events in IRD belt during MIS 16 was the initiation of a major landmark climate mechanism after MPT. The research on Heinrich/(-like) events may require a new ice sheet dynamics model related to the large ice sheet and the long-term ice age, which is forming a new hot topic.

Key words: Heinrich events    Heinrich(-like) events    Ice-rafted debris    Detrital carbonate.
收稿日期: 2019-01-07 出版日期: 2019-07-05
ZTFLH:  P736.21  
基金资助: 中国大洋矿产资源研究开发协会项目“合同区海山形成演化及铁锰矿床成矿模型研究”(DY135-C1-1-06)
通讯作者: 方念乔     E-mail: jyliucugb@yeah.net;fangnq@cugb.edu.cn
作者简介: 刘景昱(1991-),男,河北沧州人,博士研究生,主要从事沉积学与古海洋学研究. E-mail:jyliucugb@yeah.net
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引用本文:

刘景昱,方念乔. 海因里希事件与类海因里希事件[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(6): 618-628.

Jingyu Liu,Nianqiao Fang. Heinrich Events and Heinrich(-like) Events. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(6): 618-628.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0618        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V34/I6/618

图1   Heinrich发现的3个岩心剖面中粗颗粒IRD层位及其粗略的年龄(据参考文献[3]修改)
图2  海因里希层/事件研究的岩心位置简图(据参考文献[8]修改)
图3   U1308站位1.4 Ma以来的磁化率、密度、Ca/Sr、Si/Sr、块状碳酸盐δ18O和底栖δ18O记录 (据参考文献[21]修改)
图4   U1313站位3.5 Ma以来表征(类)海因里希事件的无机和有机地球化学指标 (据参考文献[12]修改)
图5   U1312站位中更新世转型期以来的IRD特征(据参考文献[54]修改)
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