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地球科学进展  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (6): 606-617    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0606
综述与评述     
钙华生物沉积作用研究进展与展望
汪智军(),殷建军,蒲俊兵,袁道先
中国地质科学院岩溶地质研究所,自然资源部/广西岩溶动力学重点实验室,广西 桂林 541004
Biological Processes Responsible for Travertine Deposition: A Review and Future Prospect
Zhijun Wang(),Jianjun Yin,Junbing Pu,Daoxian Yuan
Key Laboratory of Karst Dynamics, Ministry of Natural Resources / Guangxi, Institute of Karst Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Guilin 541004, China
 全文: PDF(18617 KB)   HTML
摘要:

弄清钙华生物沉积作用有助于更好地理解钙华微岩相结构和地球化学特征的气候环境指示意义。总结和综述了与钙华沉积相关的生物群落、生物成因钙华微岩相结构、钙华生物沉积作用过程及其对钙华地球化学特征影响的研究进展,并展望了未来的研究重点。细菌、藻类和苔藓等广泛参与到钙华沉积中,形成了许多不同类型的孔隙结构、晶体结构和纹层结构。生物沉积过程主要包括: 生物生长扰动水流使得CO2逸出; 代谢作用(如光合作用)过程诱导碳酸钙沉积; “表面控制”过程影响晶体成核及生长。生物沉积作用驱动了元素的迁移转化,对沉积水体和钙华地球化学特征具有重要影响。钙华在地球生物学研究中具有重要潜力,未来需要加强现代钙华沉积中的物理化学和生物过程相互作用机制及其各自贡献的量化研究,以便准确地解译钙华沉积记录。

关键词: 钙华生物群落生物成因结构生物沉积过程地球化学特征    
Abstract:

The investigation of biological processes responsible for travertine deposition allows us to better understand the travertine petrographic and geochemical signatures as proxies of climatic and environmental change. This paper reviewed the organisms associated with travertines, the biotic micro-fabrics formed within travertines, the biological processes associated with travertine precipitation and their controls on travertine geochemical properties. Prospects of the future research on biological processes responsible for travertine precipitation were provided. Bacteria, algae and mosses are the most important organisms that involve in the precipitation of travertines. The growth of these organisms leads to the formation of a range of various porosity, crystal fabrics and lamination within travertines. Three main biological processes responsible for travertine deposition can be classified, including a process of aquatic plant growth generating a turbulent condition and consequent CO2 evasion, a metabolic (mainly photosynthetic) process mediating carbonate precipitation and a ‘surface-control’ process influencing nucleation and crystal growth. These processes play an important role in the migration and transformation of elements in travertine-depositing system and thus determine the properties of water chemistry and geochemistry of carbonate deposits. Travertine deposits have great potential to be valuable records for the geobiological study. Further investigation is required to simultaneously track biotic and abiotic interactions in modern travertine-depositing environments and quantify the contribution of these two processes and apply the results to accurately interpret travertine records.

Key words: Travertines    Organisms    Biotic structures    Biological processes    Geochemical properties.
收稿日期: 2019-02-27 出版日期: 2019-07-05
ZTFLH:  P66  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“西藏典型热成因古钙华发育演化特征及其控制因素研究”(41807426);广西自然科学基金面上项目“基于微岩相学和地球化学的生物在钙华形成中的作用研究”(2018GXNSFAA138097)
作者简介: 汪智军(1986-),男,云南祥云人,助理研究员,主要从事岩溶环境与第四纪地质学研究. E-mail:zhijunwang@karst.ac.cn
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引用本文:

汪智军,殷建军,蒲俊兵,袁道先. 钙华生物沉积作用研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(6): 606-617.

Zhijun Wang,Jianjun Yin,Junbing Pu,Daoxian Yuan. Biological Processes Responsible for Travertine Deposition: A Review and Future Prospect. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(6): 606-617.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.06.0606        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V34/I6/606

图1  钙华沉积环境中的生物群落
图2  钙华生物成因结构
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