地球科学进展 ›› 2018, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (11): 1105 -1111. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2018.11.1105.

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气候变化健康风险评估、早期信号捕捉及应对策略研究
黄存瑞( ), 王琼   
  1. 1. 中山大学公共卫生学院,广东 广州 510080
    2.中山大学全球卫生研究中心,广东 广州 510275
  • 收稿日期:2018-09-11 修回日期:2018-10-11 出版日期:2018-11-20
  • 基金资助:
    *国家重点研发计划项目“全球变化及应对”重点专项“全球增暖导致区域健康风险及早期信号捕捉研究”(编号:2018YFA0606200)资助.

Climate Change and Human Health: Risk Assessments, Early Signals and Response Strategies

Cunrui Huang( ), Qiong Wang   

  1. 1.School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China
    2.Global Health Institute, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
  • Received:2018-09-11 Revised:2018-10-11 Online:2018-11-20 Published:2018-12-21
  • About author:

    First author:Huang Cunrui(1979-), male, Liu'an City, Anhui Province, Professor. Research areas include climate change and human health. E-mail: huangcr@mail.sysu.edu.cn

  • Supported by:
    Foundation item:Project supported by the National Key R & D Program of China "Climate change and human health: Risk assessments, early signals and response strategies"(No.2018YFA0606200).

气候变化是人类社会在21世纪面临的最严峻挑战之一。由于气候变化导致的地表平均温度升高、降水规律改变,以及极端事件的发生频率和强度增加,正在严重威胁人类的生命与健康。如何妥善应对全球增暖导致的健康风险,是迫切需要解决的重要科学问题。国家重点研发计划“全球变化及应对”重点专项部署的研究任务“全球增暖导致区域健康风险及早期信号捕捉研究”于2018年5月正式获批立项,将通过从基础研究到应用示范的全链条设计,集成公共卫生、医学、气象科学、灾害管理等多学科交叉融合优势,开展气候变化健康风险评估、早期信号捕捉及应对策略研究。主要研究内容包括:①气候变化对人群健康的影响及区域分异规律;②气候变化或极端事件与健康关系的机理研究;③导致区域健康风险的气候系统异常早期信号捕捉;④气候变化健康风险综合评估和适应策略。希望通过卫生与气象部门的紧密合作、科研与业务单位相结合的方式,研究成果为国家和地方应对气候变化的健康风险提供科技支撑。

Climate change is considered as the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. The increasing adverse health effects of climate change has been a public concern worldwide. In order to develop the specific health response strategies, a key research project, "Climate change and human health: Risk assessments, early signals and response strategies", was approved by the National Key R & D Program of China in May 2018. This project will integrate researchers from multidisciplinary background, such as public health, medicine, meteorological sciences, disaster management, to address the following scientific questions: ①The impact of climate change on population health and its regional heterogeneity; ②The underlying mechanisms and pathways of how climate change and extreme events impact on health; ③Capture of the early signals of climate system anomalies which may lead to regional health risks; ④The comprehensive health risk assessments and development of coping strategies for tackling climate change. This project will improve our understanding of climate change and health and help policy maker to develop national and local responses to climate change in China.

中图分类号: 

图1 课题设置及研究内容之间的逻辑关系
Fig.1 The conceptual framework of the research project
图1 课题设置及研究内容之间的逻辑关系
Fig.1 The conceptual framework of the research project
图2 研究技术路线
Fig.2 The research designs and methods of the whole project
图2 研究技术路线
Fig.2 The research designs and methods of the whole project
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