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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (4): 436-443    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.04.0436
全球变化研究     
国际温室气体减排情景方案比较分析
曾静静,曲建升,张志强
中国科学院国家科学图书馆兰州分馆/中国科学院资源环境科学信息中心,甘肃 兰州 730000
Review of the International Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Scenario Programs
Zeng Jingjing, Qu Jiansheng, Zhang Zhiqiang
Lanzhou Branch of National Science Library,Scientific Information Center for Resources and Environment, CAS, Lanzhou 730000,China
 全文: PDF(1015 KB)  
摘要:

     在整理、介绍主要国际组织、国家、研究机构和一些学者所提出的温室气体减排情景方案、减排目标和设想的基础上,对当前国际上主要的温室气体减排情景方案的温室气体减排目标、大气温室气体浓度目标和温度控制目标进行了归纳、比较和综合分析。研究结果表明:①国际组织和主要国家对温度升高的控制目标总体以2℃为主,即到21世纪末,将大气温度控制在不高于工业革命前2℃的范围内;②国际组织和主要国家的温室气体减排方案一般都倾向于在2050年将大气温室气体浓度控制在450×10-6~550×10-6CO2e(二氧化碳当量)的范围内,但各个方案中有关具体的减排责任分配、减排措施和减排量分歧仍然较大;③在确定温室气体减排目标和减排配额时,国际组织和主要国家一般都按照“共同但有区别”的原则,倾向于为发达国家制定减排目标,但也有个别方案认为发展中国家也应承担量化的减排义务。

关键词: 全球变暖气候变化气候政策温室气体减排二氧化碳    
Abstract:

      On the basis of sorting out and introducing the greenhouse gas emission reduction program, targets and assumptions that were put forward by the major international organizations, countries, research institutions and some scholars, the paper summarized, compared and comprehensively analyzed the main GHG emission reduction targets, atmospheric concentrations targets of GHG, and temperature control targets of the current international GHG mitigation program. The results revealed that: ①the general control goal of temperature increment proposed by international organizations and major countries was 2 ℃, that is, by the end of the 21st century, the air temperature will be controlled at no higher than 2℃ at the level of preindustrial revolution; ② the GHG mitigation program proposed by international organizations and major countries generally tended to control the atmospheric concentrations of GHG at 450×10-6~550×10-6 CO2e, and there were still large differences in the specific allocation of responsibilities, mitigation measures and emission reductions among each mitigation program; ③when determining the GHG emission reduction targets and allowances, the international organizations and major countries were generally in accordance with the “common but differentiated” principle, tending to set emission reduction targets for developed countries. However however, individual programs considered it necessary for developing countries to take quantified emission reduction commitment obligations.

Key words:
Global warming
   Climate change    Climate policy    Greenhouse gas mitigation    Carbon dioxide.
收稿日期: 2009-02-15 出版日期: 2009-04-10
:  X16  
基金资助:

中国科学院知识创新工程重要方向项目“中国参与国际CO2减排的国家方案设计”(编号:KZCX2-YW-Q1-10);国家自然科学基金项目“我国欠发达地区人口温室气体排放行为与排放需求研究”(编号:40801232)资助.

通讯作者: 曾静静     E-mail: zengjj@llas.ac.cn
作者简介: 曾静静(1981-),女,重庆人,助理研究员,主要从事全球环境变化战略情报研究. E-mail:zengjj@llas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

曾静静,曲建升,张志强. 国际温室气体减排情景方案比较分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(4): 436-443.

Zeng Jingjing, Qu Jiansheng, Zhang Zhiqiang. Review of the International Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction Scenario Programs. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(4): 436-443.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.04.0436        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I4/436

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