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地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (4): 428-435    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.04.0428
全球变化研究     
全球环境变化与综合灾害风险防范研究
史培军1,3,李 宁2,3,叶谦1,3,董文杰1,韩国义1,3,方伟华1,3
1.北京师范大学地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室,北京 100875;2.北京师范大学环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室,北京 100875;
3.民政部/教育部减灾与应急管理研究院,北京 100875
Research on Global Environmental Change and Integrated Disaster Risk Governance
Shi Peijun1,3,Li Ning2,3,Ye Qian1,3,Dong Wenjie1,Han Guoyi1,3,Fang Weihua1,3
1.State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China;
2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, Ministry of Education of China, Beijing Normal University,Beijing 100875,China; 3.Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Ministry of Civil Affairs & Ministry of Education, the People′s Republic of China,Beijing 100875, China
 全文: PDF(990 KB)  
摘要:

      实现可持续发展,需要加深理解全球环境变化对可更新资源保障能力和灾害发生频率、强度和时空格局的影响。近年来发生在世界各国的巨灾造成了严重的灾情,如2008年中国南方的冰冻雨雪灾害,2007年孟加拉国的台风灾害,2005年的美国卡特里娜飓风等。加强对全球环境变化背景下的综合灾害风险防范研究已成为一个迫切需要解决的可持续发展问题。为此,在CNC-IHDP的领导下,CNC-IHDP-RG工作组向IHDP提出了开展全球环境变化与综合风险防范研究的建议。经过2年多的努力,作为IHDP新一轮国际性核心科学计划——综合风险防范(IHDP-IRG)已经得到IHDP-SC的认可,即将于2009年4月在德国波恩IHDP科学大会期间正式宣布启动。该核心计划为从事风险研究、管理和具体实践方面的全球顶级专家和组织搭建交流平台,并引导未来国际综合风险防范研究从综合灾害风险防范的科学、技术与管理问题入手,通过案例对比,从多学科角度,对综合灾害风险防范的理论和方法进行创新性研究,以推动全球综合减灾实践的深入发展。CNC-IHDP-RG作为这一核心科学计划的倡议、发起和主要组织者,通过该计划的成功实施,不但可以在国际上充分展现我国综合灾害风险研究领域的成果,更将有助于大幅度提升中国在全球环境变化研究中的国际地位。

关键词: 全球环境变化灾害风险巨灾防范可持续发展    
Abstract:

      To achieve sustainable development, the understanding of impact of global environmental change on renewable resources and disaster frequency, strength and spatial-temporal pattern should be strengthened. In recent years, severe disasters have caused catastrophes all over the world, such as the freezing rain and snowstorm disaster that happened in China in 2008, Typhoon Sidr in Bangladesh in 2007, and Hurricane Katrina in the US in 2005. Strengthening the study of integrated disaster risk governance under the background of global environmental change has become a pressing problem of sustainable development. Supported by CNC-IHDP, the CNC-IHDP-RG workgroup proposed to the IHDP to launch a new international research project on integrated risk governance in the context of global environmental change in 2006. After two years′ efforts, the IRG Project is now accepted by IHDP-SSC to be the new core Scientific Program and it will be formally launched during the IHDP Open Science Conference held in Bonn, Germany in April, 2009. This core project will build a platform for top level researchers, government policy makers and practitioners in risk governance to exchange ideas, theories and methodologies. The research foci of this core project will be on the issues of science, technology and management of integrated disaster risk governance based on the case comparisons around the world. It is the goal of the project to make the innovations in concepts, theories and methodologies of integrated disaster risk governance, which could be useful and applied to practices of integrated disaster reduction in the real world. By proposing, preparing and organizing this important international cooperative project, it is helpful not only to promote the research results made by Chinese risk governance research community, but also to raise Chinese global environmental change research community in a highly respected position internationally.

Key words: Global environmental change    Disaster risk    Catastrophe coping    Sustainable development.
收稿日期: 2008-10-15 出版日期: 2009-04-10
:  X43  
基金资助:

科技部国际科技合作项目“全球气候变化与巨灾防范”(编号:2008DFA20640);国家自然科学基金国际(地区)合作交流项目“巨灾风险防范——IHDP-IRG核心科学计划案例研究”(编号:40821140354)资助.

通讯作者: 史培军     E-mail: spj@bnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 史培军(1959-),男,陕西靖边人,教授,主要从事环境演变与自然灾害研究。 E-mail:spj@bnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

史培军,李 宁,叶谦,董文杰,韩国义,方伟华. 全球环境变化与综合灾害风险防范研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(4): 428-435.

Shi Peijun,Li Ning,Ye Qian,Dong Wenjie,Han Guoyi,Fang Weihua. Research on Global Environmental Change and Integrated Disaster Risk Governance. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(4): 428-435.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.04.0428        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I4/428

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