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地球科学进展  2014, Vol. 29 Issue (11): 1205-1211    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.11.1205
综述与评述     
灾害风险科学发展与科技减灾
史培军1, 2, 3, 孔锋1, 3, 叶谦1, 汪明1, 3, 刘凯1, 3
1.北京师范大学 地表过程与资源生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100875;
2.北京师范大学 环境演变与自然灾害教育部重点实验室, 北京 100875;
3.北京师范大学 民政部/教育部减灾与应急管理研究院, 北京 100875
Disaster Risk Science Development and Disaster Risk Reduction Using Science and Technology
Shi Peijun1, 2, 3, Kong Feng1, 3, Ye Qian1, Wang Ming1, 3, Liu Kai1, 3
1. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster of Ministry of Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China;
3. Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Ministry of Civil Affairs & Ministry of Education, Beijing 100875, China
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摘要:

对近期召开的一系列国际灾害风险会议讨论的灾害风险科学关键前沿问题进行了分析。针对正在制定的国际减轻灾害风险后兵库战略框架(HFA2), 就未来灾害风险科学发展与科技减灾趋势做了综合研判, 提出加深对灾害系统复杂性的认识, 即从灾害系统各要素的相互作用认识灾害系统的复杂性, 从全球变化的区域特征与成因机制认识气候变化风险的复杂性, 从区域发展水平与模式认识巨灾风险的复杂性。提出从灾害系统的复杂性厘定科技减轻灾害风险的战略与对策, 即建立一体化的综合风险防御范式, 建立多空间尺度的综合风险防范体系, 建立多功能的巨灾风险防范金融体系, 建立多利益相关者防范灾害风险的凝聚力模式, 建立风险信息服务与对策仿真模拟综合集成平台。

关键词: 全球变化防灾减灾可持续性综合灾害风险防范灾害系统复杂性    
Abstract:

Based on a series of international conferences for establishing HFA2 framework, this paper analyzed key issues of frontier of disaster risk science, integrated disaster prevention and mitigation strategies and integrated disaster risk governance. The future direction of disaster risk science was comprehensively discussed according to the widely discussed Post 2015 Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA2). It was proposed to deepen the cognition of the complexity of disaster system in terms of recognizing the complexity of disaster system from the interaction among various elements of the system, recognizing the complexity of climate change risk from the regional characteristics and formation mechanism of the global climate change and recognizing the complexity of the catastrophe risk from the regional development levels and patterns. Furthermore, it was suggested to make integrated disaster risk reduction strategies and countermeasures from the perspective of the complexity of the disaster system, including the establishment of regional integrated disaster risk governance framework to face climate change, the establishment of integrated disaster risk governance system in multi-spatial scale, the establishment of disaster risk governance financial system integrating the insurance, bonds and lottery, the establishment of consilience mode in integrated risk governance considering multi-stakeholder and the establishment of modeling and simulation platform integrated disaster risk information services and disaster risk reduction strategies. Finally, it was pointed out that the assessment of disaster risk levels for different regions in multispatial scale can provide robust scientific support for integrated disaster risk governance of the world and regions, industries and enterprises so as to improve response to global change and guarantee a global and regional sustainable development.

Key words: Disaster prevention and mitigation    Global change    Sustainability    Integrated disaster risk governance    Complexity of disaster system
收稿日期: 2014-09-23 出版日期: 2014-11-20
:  P954  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“全球变化与环境风险关系及其适应性范式研究”(编号:2012CB955404);国家自然科学基金创新研究群体项目“地表过程模型与模拟”(编号:413221001)资助.

作者简介: 史培军(1959-),男,陕西靖边人,教授,主要从事环境演变与自然灾害研究. E-mail: spj@bnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

史培军, 孔锋, 叶谦, 汪明, 刘凯. 灾害风险科学发展与科技减灾[J]. 地球科学进展, 2014, 29(11): 1205-1211.

Shi Peijun, Kong Feng, Ye Qian, Wang Ming, Liu Kai. Disaster Risk Science Development and Disaster Risk Reduction Using Science and Technology. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(11): 1205-1211.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2014.11.1205        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2014/V29/I11/1205

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