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地球科学进展  2008, Vol. 23 Issue (8): 874-883    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.08.0874
生态学研究     
氮输入对陆地生态系统碳循环关键过程的影响
彭琴1,2,董云社1,齐玉春1
1.中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101;2.中国科学院研究生院,北京 100039
Influence of External Nitrogen Input on Key Processes of Carbon Cycle in Terrestrial Ecosystem
Peng Qin1,2,Dong Yunshe1,Qi Yuchun1
1. Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, CAS, Beijing 100101, China;2. Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
 全文: PDF(1008 KB)  
摘要:

碳氮作为陆地生态系统最关键的两大生源要素,它们在自然界的循环过程中不仅各自对全球变暖做出重要贡献,而且两者的循环过程显著耦合,互相影响各自的作用和效果。从氮元素对植物光合作用、呼吸作用以及土壤呼吸作用影响的角度入手,综述了氮输入对陆地生态系统碳固定和碳排放这两个碳循环关键过程的影响特征和机理,分析了陆地生态系统碳源汇对氮素变化响应的不确定性,在此基础上对未来的相关重点研究方向进行了探讨和展望。

关键词: 陆地生态系统碳循环碳固定碳排放    
Abstract:

In terrestrial ecosystems, carbon fixation through photosynthesis and carbon release through respiration are the two key processes of carbon cycle, which are also the most important indexes to determine the features of carbon source and sink. For the terrestrial ecosystems with limited nitrogen nutrient, external nitrogen input can affect the two key processes mentioned above, and then indirectly affect the characteristics of carbon source and sink. Here we review the characteristics and mechanisms of the impacts of the external nitrogen input on the carbon fixation and release. Among them, the effects of nitrogen on the photosynthesis, plant respiration and soil respiration including root respiration and heterotrophic respiration are covered. Then, the paper also explores the uncertainties of the responses of carbon source and sink to the nitrogen input. At last, the researches in this field are suggested to strengthen the following aspects: (1) The effects of different nitrogen rates and forms on carbon fixation through photosynthesis and carbon release through soil respiration in different areas and different time to find out the most suitable nitrogen application rate and ratio for efficient carbon sink promotion; (2) The effects of nitrogen on soil microbial processes in rhizosphere, and to acquire some breakthroughs in the relative research techniques and methods; (3) The effects of nitrogen on the key processes of carbon cycle in some other terrestrial ecosystems besides the forest ecosystem, and the coupling of nitrogen and other environment factors, exploring the effects and mechanisms of all the factors on the key processes of carbon cycle in terrestrial ecosystems.

Key words: Nitrogen    Terrestrial ecosystem    Carbon cycle    Carbon fixation    Carbon release.
收稿日期: 2008-01-16 出版日期: 2008-08-10
:  X144  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金重点项目“温带草地植被—土壤系统碳氮耦合特征及其对氮素水平的响应”(编号:40730105);国家自然科学基金面上项目“温带荒漠草原碳排放与碳固存及其与草地退化恢复的耦合分析”(编号:40501072)和“温带草原土壤呼吸区域分异的生物环境机制及关键问题探索”(编号:40673067)资助.

通讯作者: 董云社(1961-),男,陕西武功人,研究员,博士生导师,主要从事陆地表层生命元素环境生物地球化学循环研究.     E-mail: dongys@igsnrr.ac.cn
作者简介: 彭琴(1978-),女,湖北黄冈人,博士研究生,主要从事环境生物地球化学和全球变化研究.E-mail:pengq.06b@igsnrr.ac.cn
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引用本文:

彭琴,董云社,齐玉春. 氮输入对陆地生态系统碳循环关键过程的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2008, 23(8): 874-883.

Peng Qin,Dong Yunshe,Qi Yuchun. Influence of External Nitrogen Input on Key Processes of Carbon Cycle in Terrestrial Ecosystem. Advances in Earth Science, 2008, 23(8): 874-883.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2008.08.0874        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2008/V23/I8/874

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