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地球科学进展  2007, Vol. 22 Issue (1): 26-32    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.01.0026
研究论文     
长江口盐沼滩面发育对有机碳深度分布的制约
陈庆强,孟 翊,周菊珍,顾靖华,胡克林
华东师范大学河口海岸学国家重点实验室,上海 200062
Constraints for Distribution of Soil Organic Carbon with Depth due to Evolution of the Salt Marsh in the Yangtze River Estuary
CHEN Qing-qiang, MENG Yi, ZHOU Ju-zhen, GU Jing-hua, HU Ke-lin
State Key Laboratory of Estuary and Coastal Research,East China Normal University,Shanghai 200062,China
 全文: PDF(210 KB)  
摘要:

通过对长江口崇明东滩高潮滩、中潮滩以及光滩柱状样的有机碳含量与碳稳定同位素组成(δ13C)、粒度组成等的测定,研究盐沼有机碳深度分布特征与形成机制。结果表明,盐沼土壤颗粒有机碳(POC)主要赋存于粒径小于0.016 mm的颗粒中,POC含量对粒径在0.002~0.004 mm区间的颗粒含量变化最敏感,说明盐沼POC主要来自长江径流悬移质,这与有机碳稳定同位素结果一致。土壤POC含量与不同粒径区间颗粒含量相关关系表明,高潮滩与中潮滩柱样的泥沙级配较为接近;光滩柱样POC含量与不同粒径区间颗粒含量相关关系特征与高、中潮滩柱样的基本类似,主要不同表现在粒径大于0.016 mm的粗颗粒,这很可能受控于盐沼不同高程部位动力沉积过程。盐沼植被对高、中潮滩柱样POC的贡献相当可观,个别层段高达55.6%;植被对土壤POC的贡献受到滩面过程的明显制约。滩面动力沉积过程形成盐沼垂向上独特的沙、泥纹层构造,其优良的封堵效能显著影响土壤有机碳的垂向分布。盐沼滩面动力沉积过程是塑造有机碳深度分布特征的关键因素。

关键词: 盐沼土壤有机碳碳循环长江口    
Abstract:

Distribution of particulate organic carbon (POC) with depth was studied to elucidate the mechanism for vertical distribution of salt marsh POC, based on analyses of POC content, stable carbon isotope and grain size for samples of three cores from high marsh, middle marsh and bare flat of Chongmingdongtan Salt Marsh in the Yangtze River Estuary. Results indicated that soil particulate organic carbon existed mainly in the fine grains with sizes less than 0.016 mm, and POC content was susceptible to changes of contents of grains in size between 0.002 mm and 0.004 mm. It was inferred that salt marsh POC originated mainly from suspended particulate matter of the Yangtze River, based on results of stable carbon isotope analysis and the correlations between POC content and contents of fine grains in different size fractions (<0.016 mm) for soil samples from different cores. The correlations between soil POC contents and contents of grains in different size fractions indicated that grain size characteristics of samples from high marsh were similar to those of samples from middle marsh. Samples from bare flat were similar in part to those from high marsh and middle marsh in the correlations between soil POC content and contents of grains in different size fractions, with main differences shown by grains in size fractions greater than 0.016 mm. This might be due to the dynamic depositional processes at locations with different altitudes in the salt marsh. Vegetation provided considerable contributions to soil POC of core samples from high marsh and middle marsh, with the greatest value of 55.6% of soil POC contents in some depth sections, which was controlled predominantly by depositional processes on the tidal flat. The characteristic structure of alternate muddy laminae and sandy laminae originated from dynamic depositional processes on tidal flats, and exerted great influences on the distributions of soil POC with depth, due to the excellent protecting effects of the strata structure on soil POC. The dynamic depositional processes on tidal flats were therefore the key factor constraining the distributions of soil POC with depth.

Key words: Salt marsh    Soil organic carbon    Carbon cycling    The Yangtze river estuary.
收稿日期: 2006-07-18 出版日期: 2007-01-10
:  S153.621  
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“长江口盐沼湿地土壤剖面碳循环机制及其主控因子研究”(编号:40202032);国家重点基础研究发展计划项目“中国典型河口—近海陆海相互作用及其环境效应”(编号:2002CB412403);上海市高等学校青年科学基金项目“长江口湿地生态系统土壤碳循环模型研究”(编号:2000QN14)共同资助.

通讯作者: 陈庆强 (1969-),男,山东新泰人,副教授,主要从事海洋沉积学及生物地球化学的教学与研究.E-mail:qqchen@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn     E-mail: qqchen@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 陈庆强 (1969-),男,山东新泰人,副教授,主要从事海洋沉积学及生物地球化学的教学与研究.E-mail:qqchen@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn
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引用本文:

陈庆强,孟翊,周菊珍,顾靖华,胡克林. 长江口盐沼滩面发育对有机碳深度分布的制约[J]. 地球科学进展, 2007, 22(1): 26-32.

CHEN Qing-qiang, MENG Yi, ZHOU Ju-zhen, GU Jing-hua, HU Ke-lin. Constraints for Distribution of Soil Organic Carbon with Depth due to Evolution of the Salt Marsh in the Yangtze River Estuary. Advances in Earth Science, 2007, 22(1): 26-32.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2007.01.0026        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2007/V22/I1/26

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