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地球科学进展  2003, Vol. 18 Issue (5): 759-763    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2003.05.0759
研究论文     
大洋钻探对洋底以下生命的探索
StevenD'Hondt
Graduate School of Oceanography,Universi ty of RhodeIsland,Narragansett,RI02882,USA
StevenD'Hondt
Graduate School of Oceanography,Universi ty of RhodeIsland,Narragansett,RI02882,USA
 全文: PDF 
摘要:

    对ODP采集的沉积物样品的地球化学研究揭示,在全世界所有的大洋底以下都发现了细菌活动,洋底沉积物中的生物圈可能构成了地球生物数量的 1/3,该生物圈通过调节海洋沉积物的成岩作用和大洋玄武岩的风化,影响到长期的全球生物地球化学循环。
    DSDP最早提出了海洋沉积物中细菌活动性的证据,ODP的一系列航次提供了各种不同环境下深部生物圈细菌群落以及细菌参与的地球化学过程纪录。ODP201是第一个专门致力于研究洋底以下生命的大洋钻探航次,它记录了从富有机质的边缘沉积到贫有机质的开阔海沉积环境的洋底以下细菌活动性和细菌群落的连续性,201航次还揭示,古海洋环境对现在正活跃于深海沉积物中的原核生物群落造成了影响。

关键词: 大洋钻探深部生物圈微生物    
收稿日期: 2003-06-23 出版日期: 2003-10-01
:  P735  
通讯作者: StevenD'Hondt     E-mail: dhondt@gsosunl.gso.uri.edu
作者简介: Steven D'Hondt(1961-),男,美国罗德岛大学海洋研究院教授,主要从事深部生物圈的研究.E-mail:dhondt@gsosunl.gso.uri.edu
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引用本文:

StevenD'Hondt. 大洋钻探对洋底以下生命的探索[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(5): 759-763.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2003/V18/I5/759

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