地球科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 1229 -1235. doi: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2017.12.1229

所属专题: IODP研究 深海科学研究专刊

大洋钻探科学目标展望    下一篇

未雨绸缪——迎接大洋钻探学术新计划的制定
汪品先( )   
  1. 同济大学海洋地质国家重点实验室, 上海 200092
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-16 修回日期:2017-11-16 出版日期:2017-12-20

Towards the New Decade of Ocean Drilling: Preparing its Science Plan

Pinxian Wang( )   

  1. State Key Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China
  • Received:2017-10-16 Revised:2017-11-16 Online:2017-12-20 Published:2018-03-06
  • About author:

    First author:Wang Pinxian(1936-),male,Suzhou City,Jiangsu Province, Professer Academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Research areas include marine geology and palaeoenvironment.E-mail:pxwang@tongji.edu.cn

在国际大洋钻探的2017年论坛会上,中国方面提出讨论“IODP beyond 2023”的建议,由中国牵头共同讨论2023年以后大洋钻探新阶段的科学计划,得到会议的支持。为此,通过对几十年来国际大洋钻探科学计划的制定进行回顾,分析了近年来国际学术界对大洋钻探未来任务和学术前景的看法,进而对我国如何筹备“IODP beyond 2023”的国际研讨提出了建议。 半个世纪以来,大洋钻探始终是国际地球科学的火车头和深海探索的航母,我国牵头研讨其新阶段的科学计划,将促进我国地球科学的转型;至于此举能否取得成功,将取决于广大地球科学界的积极参与及其创造性思维的发挥。

At the IODP Forum 2017 in Shanghai, IODP-China proposed initiating the discussions on “IODP beyond 2023”, and the meeting supported China’s proposal to host and co-lead the activities for preparing the science plan of ocean drilling after 2023. The present paper started from an overview of the planning processes of ocean drilling science over the past decades, then analysed the scientific targets and perspectives of the future ocean drilling, and concluded with suggestions about how China should prepare the international discussions on “IODP beyond 2023”.Since half a century, the ocean drilling has played a role of locomotive in international Earth science community and of flagship in deep-sea research.China’s initiation and co-leadership in preparing its science plan for the next decade will promote the upgrading of Earth science in our country, yet the success of the endeavor heavily depends on active involvement of the scientific community , especially on its contribution with creative thinking.

中图分类号: 

表1 国际大洋钻探科学计划的制定
Table 1 Preparation of science plan for the international ocean drilling
表2 日本“地球号”钻探船在新十年里的优先科学项目
Table 2 High-priority science projects of D/V Chikyu for the coming decade
图1 国际大洋钻探IODP的核心组成
(a)2003—2013年阶段;(b)2013年以来的现阶段;(c)建议中的新阶段;(a)和(b)的不同在于2013年以来,3个平台提供国进行相对独立的运作
Fig.1 Core countries of IODP
(a)2003-2003; (b)Since 2013; (c)Proposed new status. Note the difference between (a) and (b), showing the more independent operations of the three platform providers since 2013
表3 不同大洋钻探计划与报告的科学主题
Table 3 Major scientific themes in various plans of ocean drilling
[1] Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling. Report of the Conference on Scientific Ocean Drilling, November 16-18, 1981[R]. Washington DC:Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling, 1981.
[2] Joint Oceanographic Institutions for Deep Earth Sampling. Report of the Second Conference on Scientific Ocean Drilling, Strasbourg, 6-8 July[R]. Strasbourg: European Science Foundation, 1987.
[3] Joint Oceanographic Institutions Incorporated Ocean Drilling Program, Ocean Drilling Program. Long Range Plan: 1989-2002[M].Washington DC: Joint Oceanographic Institutions, Inc.,1990.
[4] ODP.Understanding Our Dynamic Earth through Ocean Drilling. ODP Long Rang Plan into the 21st Century[M]. Washington DC: Ocean Drilling Program, 1996.
[5] JAMSTEC, ORI, JOIDES. Report of the Conference on Cooperative Ocean Riser Drilling[R]. Tokyo: National Olympics Memorial Youth Center,1997.
[6] Pisias N G, Delaney M L.COMPLEX: Conference on Multiple Platform Exploration of the Ocean[M]. Vancouver:Joint Oceanographic Institutions, 1999.
[7] Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Planning Sub-Committee (IPSC). Earth, Ocean and Life. IODP Initial Science Plan: 2003-2013[M].Washington DC: International Working Group Support Office,2001.[IODP科学规划委员会,译.地球、海洋与生命,IODP初始科学计划(2003—2013)[M].上海:同济大学出版社,2003.]
[8] IODP. Illuminating Earth’s Past, Present and Future: The Science Plan for the International Ocean Discovery Program 2013-2023[M].Washington DC: Integrated Ocean Drilling Program, 2011.[国际大洋发现计划2013—2023科学计划书,照亮地球——过去、现在与未来[M]. 中国综合大洋钻探计划办公室译.上海: 同济大学出版社, 2011.]
[9] Chai Yucheng, Zhou Zuyi.Scientific ocean drilling: Achievements and progress[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2003, 18(5): 666-672.[柴育成,周祖翼. 科学大洋钻探:成就与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2003, 18(5): 666-672.]
[10] Liu Zhifei, Tuo Shouting.New progress in Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP)[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(12): 1 318-1 324.[刘志飞,拓守廷.IODP计划的新进展[J].地球科学进展, 2009, 24(12): 1 318-1 324.
[11] IODP-China Correspondent.IODP beyond 2013—Research frontiers at the INVEST Conference[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(12):1 325-1 329.[IODP China通讯员. 2013年后的大洋钻探——从INVEST会议看学科前沿[J]. 地球科学进展,2009, 24(12):1 325-1 329.]
[12] Wang Pinxian.Interactions between Earth’s deep and surface[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(12):1 331-1 338.[汪品先. 地球深部与表层的相互作用[J]. 地球科学进展,2009, 24(12):1 331-1 338.]
[13] Tian Jun, Tuo Shouting.New decadal scientific ocean drilling: Illuminating Earth’s past, present, and future[J]. Chinese Journal of Nature,2015, 37(4):239-250.[田军,拓守廷. 新十年科学大洋钻探——照亮地球的过去、现在和未来[J]. 自然杂志,2015, 37(4):239-250.]
[14] Met C, Ravelo C.Charting the Future Course of Scientific Ocean Drilling[R]. IODP, Ocean Leadership,2009.
[15] Camoin G, Stein R, Wagreich M.Beyond 2013: The /Future of European Scientific Drilling Research[R].Vienna, Austria: European Geosciences Vnin General Assemblly,2009.
[16] Teagle D, Ildefonse B, Blackman D K, et al. Melting, magma, fluids and life: Challenges for the next generation of scientific ocean drilling into the oceanic lithosphere[C]∥Workshop Report.Southampton: National Oceanographic Center, 2009: 27-29.
[17] Jin Xingchun, Zhou Zuyi, Wang Pinxian.Ocean Drilling Program and Earth Sciences in China[M]. Shanghai: Tongji University Press, 1995.[金性春,周祖翼,汪品先. 大洋钻探与中国地球科学[M].上海:同济大学出版社,1995.]
[18] Hsu K J H. Ein Schiff Revolutioniert Die Wissenschaft[M]. Hamburg: Hoffmann & Campe Verlag, 1982.[许靖华,译. 搏击沧海——地学革命风云录[M]. 北京:地质出版社,2006.]
[19] European Commission.The Deep-Sea Frontier: Science Challenges for a Sustainable Future[R]. ECORD, 2007.
[20] Kopf A, Camerlenghi A, Canals M, et al. The Deep Sea and Sub-Seafloor Frontier[M]. Germany: European Commission, 2012.
[21] Given H K.Chikyu+10 International Workshop Report, April 21-23,2013, Tokyo[R]. Tokyo: Hitotsubashi Hall, 2013.
[22] Wang Pinxian.China’s participation in the ocean drilling program: Decade retrospect and future prospect[J]. Advances in Earth Science, 2014, 29(3): 322-326.[汪品先. 我国参加大洋钻探的近十年回顾与展望[J].地球科学进展, 2014, 29(3): 322-326.]
[23] Umino S, Nealson K, Wood B.Drilling to Earth’s mantle[J]. Physics Today, 2013, 66(8): 36-41.
[1] 魏梦美,符素华,刘宝元. 青藏高原水力侵蚀定量研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(7): 740-752.
[2] 拓守廷,温廷宇,张钊,李阳阳. 大洋钻探计划运行的国际经验及对我国的启示[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(6): 632-642.
[3] 范成新, 刘敏, 王圣瑞, 方红卫, 夏星辉, 曹文志, 丁士明, 侯立军, 王沛芳, 陈敬安, 游静, 王菊英, 盛彦清, 朱伟. 20年来我国沉积物环境与污染控制研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2021, 36(4): 346-374.
[4] 吴佳梅,彭秋志,黄义忠,黄亮. 中国植被覆盖变化研究遥感数据源及研究区域时空热度分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(9): 978-989.
[5] 李侠祥, 刘昌新, 王芳, 郝志新. 中国投资对“一带一路”地区经济增长和碳排放强度的影响[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(6): 618-631.
[6] 刘凯,聂格格,张森. 中国 19512018年气温和降水的时空演变特征研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(11): 1113-1126.
[7] 谢彦君, 任福民, 李国平, 王铭杨, 杨慧. 影响中国双台风活动气候特征研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(1): 101-108.
[8] 郝志新,吴茂炜,张学珍,刘洋,郑景云. 过去千年中国年代和百年尺度冷暖阶段的干湿格局变化研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2020, 35(1): 18-25.
[9] 蒋诗威,周鑫. 中国东南地区中世纪暖期和小冰期夏季风降水研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(7): 697-705.
[10] 高峰,赵雪雁,宋晓谕,王宝,王鹏龙,牛艺博,王伟军,黄春林. 面向 SDGs的美丽中国内涵与评价指标体系[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(3): 295-305.
[11] 张宸嘉, 方一平, 陈秀娟. 基于文献计量的国内可持续生计研究进展分析[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(9): 969-982.
[12] 陈亮, 段建平, 马柱国. 大气环流形势客观分型及其与中国降水的联系[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(4): 396-403.
[13] 王建, 车涛, 李震, 李弘毅, 郝晓华, 郑照军, 肖鹏峰, 李晓峰, 黄晓东, 钟歆玥, 戴礼云, 李红星, 柯长青, 李兰海. 中国积雪特性及分布调查[J]. 地球科学进展, 2018, 33(1): 12-15.
[14] 吴绍洪, 高江波, 戴尔阜, 赵东升, 尹云鹤, 杨琳, 郑景云, 潘韬, 杨勤业. 中国陆地表层自然地域系统动态研究:思路与方案[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(6): 569-576.
[15] 陈晓龙, 周天军. 使用订正的“空间型标度”法预估1.5 ℃温升阈值下地表气温变化[J]. 地球科学进展, 2017, 32(4): 435-445.
阅读次数
全文


摘要