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地球科学进展  2019, Vol. 34 Issue (7): 697-705    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.07.0697
综述与评述     
中国东南地区中世纪暖期和小冰期夏季风降水研究进展
蒋诗威1(),周鑫1,2()
1. 中国科学技术大学地球和空间科学学院,安徽 合肥 230026
2. 中国科学院比较行星学卓越创新中心,安徽 合肥 230026
On Monsoon Precipitation Changes During the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age in Southeastern China
Shiwei Jiang1(),Xin Zhou1,2()
1. School of Earth and Space Sciences, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
2. Chinese Academy of Sciences Center for Excellence in Comparative Planetology, Hefei 230026, China
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摘要:

中国东部季风区过去千年季风降水演变研究已取得大量研究成果及重要阶段性进展,然而,该区域南方记录指示的降水变化趋势有所差别,主要表现为对中世纪暖期和小冰期相对干湿的认识不一致。筛选整理了17个已发表的中国东部南方地区过去千年的地质和史料记录,将这些结果按照研究材料划分为湖泊沉积、泥炭沉积、近海沉积和史料集成4组分别进行对比分析。结果表明,多种研究材料重建的中国东南地区中世纪暖期和小冰期季风降水相对变化趋势表现不一致。导致差异的原因主要是年代框架的不确定性和代用指标指示意义的不明确,也可能是东南地区降水演变本身存在区域差异。因此,为进一步探讨中国东南地区过去千年的季风降水演变历史及驱动机制,应在相关区域重建更多年代精准和指标可靠的季风降水序列。

关键词: 中世纪暖期小冰期夏季风降水中国东南地区    
Abstract:

Periodic progresses have been made on monsoon precipitation changes during the past millennium in eastern China. However, trends of precipitation records reconstructed in the southern part of the region are inconsistent, especially for the relative humidity and dryness between the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age. In the present study, 17 published monsoon precipitation records, reconstructed from lake sediments, peat sediments, coastal muddy sediments and historical documents, for the past millennium from southeastern China were collected and compared. The results show that trends of various records are inconsistent. The inconsistencies could be partly attributed to age uncertainties and interpretation of the proxies; and the regional differences in precipitation changes might be another causation. To further explore the spatiotemporal patterns and driving mechanisms of monsoon precipitation during the past millennium in southeastern China, more records with accurate chronology and reliable proxies should be reconstructed.

Key words: Medieval Warm Period    Little Ice Age    Summer monsoon precipitation    Southeastern China.
收稿日期: 2019-03-15 出版日期: 2019-07-29
ZTFLH:  P426.6  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金项目“全新世环境演化”(41822707);国家自然科学基金面上项目“淮河流域湖泊沉积记录的全新世晚期季风降水演化”(41672159)
通讯作者: 周鑫     E-mail: jiangsw@mail.ustc.edu.cn;xinzhou@ustc.edu.cn
作者简介: 蒋诗威(1993-),男,江西上饶人,博士研究生,主要从事全新世气候变化与人类活动研究. E-mail:jiangsw@mail.ustc.edu.cn
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蒋诗威,周鑫. 中国东南地区中世纪暖期和小冰期夏季风降水研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2019, 34(7): 697-705.

Shiwei Jiang,Xin Zhou. On Monsoon Precipitation Changes During the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age in Southeastern China. Advances in Earth Science, 2019, 34(7): 697-705.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2019.07.0697        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2019/V34/I7/697

图1  研究区域与数据位置示意图
序号位点纬度/°N经度/°E年代跨度/cal BP研究材料分辨率*/a测年方法测年数据测年材料主要代用指标
1佛爷池[15]33.95107.731000—0湖泊沉积4014C2全岩孢粉
2翠峰湖-1[16]24.51121.613770—0湖泊沉积4514C2/6植物残体粒度,总有机碳,C/N,δ15N,δ13C
3翠峰湖-2[17]24.50121.601460—0湖泊沉积10210Pb,14C4/5植物残体硅藻,磁化率,δ15N,δ13C
4湖光岩玛珥湖[18]21.15110.281360—0湖泊沉积5137Cs, 14C3腐殖黑泥生物硅,总氮,总有机碳
5双池玛珥湖[19]19.94110.191148—0湖泊沉积1414C4/6全岩Rb/Sr,Rb/K,Zr/Rb,Si/Ti,粒度
6鄱阳湖[20]29.15116.421600—0湖泊沉积2.514C3/6全岩 木头δ13C
7高邮湖[21]32.84119.381100—0湖泊沉积13.514C3/4全岩粒度,磁化率,总有机碳,C/N
8大九湖泥炭[22]31.48110.062500—0泥炭7014C2/12泥炭全岩孢粉
9千亩田泥炭[23]30.50119.444100—0泥炭2014C3/7泥炭全岩Rb/Sr,Rb,Sr
10玉华山泥炭[24]27.84115.652000—0泥炭414C4/13植物残体 木屑孢粉,粒度,腐殖化度,烧失量,Rb/Sr,Zr/Rb
11望东垟泥炭[25]27.68119.647600—0泥炭4014C2/4泥炭全岩磁化率,粒度, 腐殖化度
12仙山泥炭[26]26.87118.711400—0泥炭814C3/7植物残体 木头α-纤维素δ13C,有机质
13珠江入海口[27]22.35113.782000—0近海沉积5.514C4/6碳/植物纤维粒度,总有机碳,δ13C
14冲绳海槽南部[28]24.80122.491050—0近海沉积1514C5/6浮游有孔虫硅藻
15台湾东部黑潮区[29]24.10122.34850—0近海沉积2314C6有孔虫总氮,总有机碳,粒度,C/N,δ13C
16江淮地区[31]32.36117.842000—50历史文献10历史年代--史料记载
17华南地区[30]27.50117.001500—0历史文献1历史年代--史料记载
表1  中国东南地区过去千年17条降水/干湿记录
图2  湖泊沉积重建的过去千年降水演变记录对比
图3  泥炭重建的过去千年降水演变记录对比
图4  近海沉积与史料重建的过去千年降水演变记录对比
图5  中国东南地区中世纪暖期和小冰期干湿图
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