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地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (1): 110-117    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.01.0110
干旱气候变化与可持续发展     
过去 2ka气候变化研究进展
杨保1,施雅风1,2 ,李恒鹏2
1.中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所,甘肃 兰州 730000;2.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京 210008
SOME ADVANCES IN CLIMATIC CHANGE OVER THE PAST TWO MILLENNIA
YANG Bao1, SHI Ya-feng1,2, LI Heng-peng2
1.Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,CAS,Lanzhou 730000, China; 2.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, CAS, Nanjing 210008, China
 全文: PDF(208 KB)  
摘要:

过去 2ka气候和环境变化是PAGES计划研究的核心内容之一。自该计划实施以来,各国科学家就近 2ka气候变化研究做了大量的工作,陆续召开了多次国际会议。介绍了研究的历史背景,然后从冰芯、树轮和历史文献三个方面回顾和评述了国内外近年来对过去 2ka气候和环境变化的研究现状,其中重点关注了中世纪暖期和小冰期在全球的空间表现特征。

关键词: 过去2000年气候变化冰芯树轮    
Abstract:

Climatic and environmental change of the past two millennia is one of the core projects of PAGES (The Past Global Changes). Large quantity of research work and international proceedings have been carried out and made great progress in climatic and environmental change studies over the last 2000 years since the project (PAGES) took in effect. In this paper, historical background of the study is introduced firstly. Then, according to the research results of ice core, tree-ring and historical documents, current research status of climatic and environmental variations of the past 2 ka at home and abroad are summarized and reviewed. In particular, we pay more emphasis on spatial distribution characteristics of the “Medieval Warm Period” (MWP) and “Little Ice Age” (LIA). It is concluded that the distribution of the two great climatic episodes of MWP and LIA might not be global. Rather, evidence for climate changes show that the timing of MWP and LIA differed geographically. In other words, the cold or warm periods in one region were often not concident with those in other regions. In addition, several reconstructions of northern hemisphere temperatures over the past three years lead to the conclusion that the Northern hemisphere warmth in the middle ages was less than or at most comparable to the mid-20th-century warm period and average temperature during the middle ages was higher than that during the LIA of the last 1000 years. However, there are some efficiencies. For example, the causes of climatic changes over the past two millennia remain unknown. Even for MWP and LIA, the causes resulting in the two climatic events were open. Also there exist some problems in the parameterization of climatic models. For comparison, the studies in China are scarce. 

Key words: Past two millennia    Climate change    Ice core    Tree-ring.
收稿日期: 2000-10-30 出版日期: 2002-02-01
:  P467    
基金资助:

“九五”中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所知识创新工程项目“基于冰川变化和冻土深孔地温的古气候重建研究 ”(CACX210010)资助.

通讯作者: 杨保 (1971-),男,山西阳高人,副研究员,主要从事风沙环境与全球变化研究.E-mail: yangbao@ns.lzb.ac.cn     E-mail: yangbao@ns.lzb.ac.cn
作者简介: 杨保 (1971-),男,山西阳高人,副研究员,主要从事风沙环境与全球变化研究.E-mail: yangbao@ns.lzb.ac.cn
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引用本文:

杨保,施雅风,李恒鹏. 过去 2ka气候变化研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(1): 110-117.

YANG Bao, SHI Ya-feng, LI Heng-peng. SOME ADVANCES IN CLIMATIC CHANGE OVER THE PAST TWO MILLENNIA. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(1): 110-117.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.01.0110        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I1/110

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