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地球科学进展  2002, Vol. 17 Issue (1): 104-109    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.01.0104
干旱气候变化与可持续发展     
全球环境变化海岸易损性研究综述
李恒鹏,杨桂山
中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,江苏 南京 210008
THE ADVANCE IN STUDIES ON COASTAL VULNERABILITY TO GLOBAL CHANGE
LI Heng-peng,YANG Gui-shan
Institute of Geography and Limnology of Nanjing, CAS, Nanjing 210008,China
 全文: PDF(172 KB)  
摘要:

全球变化海岸易损性评估是国际政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)敦促沿海各国应优先开展的一项工作。根据近年来有关海岸易损性的研究成果,可以认为海岸易损性系指海岸带自然、社会经济综合体对全球环境变化和海平面上升的不适应程度。通过阐述IPCC易损性评估的基本方法、内容和目标,指出了海岸易损性评估中存在的问题及改善的方法,最后,结合我国海岸带易损性评估的已有成果,分析了我国海岸易损性评估工作中存在的问题及今后的研究方向。

关键词: 全球变化海平面上升海岸易损性易损性评估    
Abstract:

Due to the global changing and its impacts, the coast zone is one of the most vulnerable area in the future. To make a further understanding to the coast vulnerability and make measures for avoiding  the adverse impacts of global changing, the IPCC stimulated the countries with coast area to assess the vulnerability of their coast zone. Based on the related studies, the coastal vulnerability concept and the vulnerability assessments is discussed in this paper. Following the IPCC CZMS (1992), the coastal vulnerability is defined as “The degree of incapability to cope with the consequences of climate change and accelerated sea-level rise”. Because coast zone located the transitional area between land and sea and is the area with the densest population, the coastal zones are susceptible to global change. To maintain the ability of physical resilience and realize the sustainable development management is the key to solve the problem. Recently, to understand the vulnerability degree and study the science management. The vulnerability assessment have been done in lots of countries and regions according to the common method of IPCC. This paper also describes the common method of vulnerability assessment and the main results of present coast vulnerability assessment. At the same time, the further study content are put forward, that is the accurate modeling study on coast response to global change,  the methods of integrated coast vulnerability assessment, dynamic vulnerability assessment methods and more extensive cooperation in coast vulnerability study.

Key words: Global change    Sea-level rise    Coastal vulnerability    Vulnerable assessment.
收稿日期: 2001-02-27 出版日期: 2002-02-01
:  P736    
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“长江三角洲海岸环境变化的易损范围与易损性评估研究”(编号:49871076);中国科学院“九五”重点项目“中国海岸环境变化的岸滩响应及对经济持续发展的影响”(编号:KZ952-J1-010)资助.

通讯作者: 李恒鹏(1973-),男,山西浑源人,在读博士生,主要从事海岸环境变化与可持续发展研究.E-mail: hpli@niglas.ac.cn     E-mail: hpli@niglas.ac.cn
作者简介: 李恒鹏(1973-),男,山西浑源人,在读博士生,主要从事海岸环境变化与可持续发展研究.E-mail: hpli@niglas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

李恒鹏,杨桂山. 全球环境变化海岸易损性研究综述[J]. 地球科学进展, 2002, 17(1): 104-109.

LI Heng-peng,YANG Gui-shan. THE ADVANCE IN STUDIES ON COASTAL VULNERABILITY TO GLOBAL CHANGE. Advances in Earth Science, 2002, 17(1): 104-109.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2002.01.0104        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2002/V17/I1/104

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