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地球科学进展  2012, Vol. 27 Issue (5): 563-572    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.05.0563
全球变化研究     
生态系统响应全球变化的陆地样带研究
周广胜1,2,何奇瑾1,3
1.中国气象科学研究院,北京100081; 2.中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室,北京100093;
3.南京信息工程大学大气物理学院,江苏南京210044
Terrestrial Transect Study on the Responses of Ecosystems to Global Change
Zhou Guangsheng1,2, He Qijin1,3
1.Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing100081, China;
2.State Key Laboratory of Vegetation and Environmental Change, Institute of Botany,  Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing100093, China;
3.School of Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing210044, China
 全文: PDF(1054 KB)  
摘要:

为从机理上理解、评估和预测陆地生态系统对全球变化的响应,国际地圈生物圈计划在全球共启动了15条全球变化陆地样带,其中2条在中国, 即中国东北样带和中国东部南北样带。从植物碳氮代谢、生物多样性、生态系统功能与碳收支及样带生态系统的变化趋势等方面较系统地总结了围绕中国这2条全球变化陆地样带的最新研究进展,加深了全球变化与陆地生态系统相互作用过程与机制的理解,提出未来中国全球变化陆地样带研究应充分利用我国特殊的生态与环境及区域特色,重点针对陆地生态系统对全球变化的适应性、地球系统相互作用的生物—物理—化学—社会过程与管理、土地利用变化的动力学过程与机制、灾害性天气气候的生态效应及其调控机制和全球变化模拟预警系统开展研究,做出一些在国际上既有显示度又服务于我国社会经济可持续发展的研究成果。

关键词: 陆地样带全球变化中国东北样带中国东部南北样带    
Abstract:

In order to understand, evaluate and predict how terrestrial ecosystems will respond to global change, International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) has established fifteen global change terrestrial transects in the world. Two of them are located in China, and there are NorthEast China Transect (NECT) and North-South Transect of Eastern China (NSTEC). The advance along NECT and NSTEC during recent years is presented systematically in this paper from plant carbon and nitrogen metabolism, biodiversity, ecosystem function and carbon budget, and ecosystem change trend under global change. These studies enhance the understanding of the processes and mechanisms of global change and terrestrial ecosystem interaction. Finally, considering the special eco-environment and regional characteristics in China, the authors emphasize  that the future terrestrial transect study in China should pay more attention to the following key science problems: adaptability of terrestrial ecosystems to global change, dynamic process and mechanism of land use change, interactive biological-physical-chemicalsocial processes and management of the earth system, ecological effects of disaster weather and climate and their control mechanisms, global change simulation and warning system. These studies might enhance the academic level of global change study in the world, and provide the scientific basis for the sustainable social and economic development of China.

Key words: Terrestrial transect    Global change    NorthEast China Transect (NECT)    North-South Transect of Eastern China (NSTEC).
收稿日期: 2012-03-12 出版日期: 2012-05-10
:  Q148  
基金资助:

国家重点基础研究发展计划“全球变化影响下我国主要陆地生态系统的脆弱性与适应性研究”(编号:2010CB951303);国家自然科学基金重点项目“我国温带草地碳循环模型与减排增汇适应对策研究”(编号:90711001)资助.

通讯作者: 周广胜(1965-),男,江苏高淳人,研究员,主要从事全球变化生态学研究      E-mail: gszhou@ibcas.ac.cn
作者简介: 周广胜(1965-),男,江苏高淳人,研究员,主要从事全球变化生态学研究. E-mail:gszhou@ibcas.ac.cn
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引用本文:

周广胜,何奇瑾. 生态系统响应全球变化的陆地样带研究[J]. 地球科学进展, 2012, 27(5): 563-572.

Zhou Guangsheng, He Qijin. Terrestrial Transect Study on the Responses of Ecosystems to Global Change. Advances in Earth Science, 2012, 27(5): 563-572.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2012.05.0563        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2012/V27/I5/563

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