Please wait a minute...
img img
高级检索
地球科学进展  2009, Vol. 24 Issue (10): 1065-1072    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1065
综述与评述     
高亚洲冰川系统物质平衡特征及其对全球变化响应研究进展与展望
谢自楚,周宰根,李巧媛,王淑红
湖南师范大学资源与环境科学学院,湖南  长沙  410081
Progress and Prospects of Mass Balance Characteristic and Responding to Global Change of Glacier System in High Asia
Xie Zichu, Zhou Zaigen, Li Qiaoyuan, Wang Shuhong
College of Resource and Environment Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha  410081, China
 全文: PDF(1365 KB)  
摘要:

      分布在高亚洲的大量现代冰川,是亚洲中部干旱半干旱地区最重要的淡水资源。高亚洲各区因环境差异,各区冰川系统物质平衡及其对全球气候变化的响应就表现出不同特点,需进一步应用冰川系统理论和方法对高亚洲冰川系统进行合理分区,研究各分区冰川系统的结构特征、物质平衡特征及其对气候变化的响应过程。通过总结国内外高亚洲冰川系统研究的现状,找出了国内外研究的优势及不足;在此基础上,从高亚洲冰川系统的等级划分、气候地形背景、结构特征、物质平衡特征、对全球变化的响应以及冰川系统径流变化对冰川灾害及环境影响的评估等方面进行了研究展望。并认为需要根据各区气候、地理条件划分不同的次级冰川系统,然后分别对不同冰川系统的冰川变化进行预测,根据冰川变化趋势,制定最优利用冰川水资源方案和冰川灾害防范措施。
    

关键词: 高亚洲冰川系统物质平衡全球变化响应    
Abstract:

      There are a large number of survived glaciers on the High Asia which are the most important freshwater resource for the arid regions in the High Asia. Different glacier systems have different characteristics in mass balance and responses to the global warming as they exist in different environment in the High Asia. Therefore it is necessary to divide and subdivide the grade of glacier systems, analyze their structure and mass balance characteristics, and predict their responding process to climate warming using the theories and methods of glacier system. This paper summarized the researches about glaciers on the High Asia both at home and abroad and pointed out the advantages and disadvantages of them. Then, five sections about the glacier system in the High Asia, i.e., glacier system's grade division, climate and topographical setting, structure characteristics, mass balance characteristics, responding to climate warming and glacier-induced hazards and its influences to environment, are prospected respectively in this paper. As a result, this paper concludes that the grades of glacier systems in High Asia should be firstly divided and sub-divided according to the climate and topographical setting; then, the variation trends of each glacier system is to be modeled, and the utilization programming of glacier resources and prevention measures of glacierrelated hazards will be worked out on the basis of the modeling results.

Key words: High Asia    Glacier system    Mass balance    Response to the global change
收稿日期: 2008-12-24 出版日期: 2009-10-10
:  P414   
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目“高亚洲冰川系统物质平衡特征及其对全球变化的响应研究”(编号:40871043);“高亚洲冰川系统水文交换特征及其对全球变化的响应研究”(编号:40741002)资助.

通讯作者: 谢自楚     E-mail: xiezc@hunnu.edu.cn
作者简介: 谢自楚(1937-),男,湖南衡南人,教授,主要从事冰川及极地研究.E-mail:xiezc@hunnu.edu.cn
服务  
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章  
谢自楚
周宰根
李巧媛
王淑红

引用本文:

谢自楚,周宰根,李巧媛,王淑红. 高亚洲冰川系统物质平衡特征及其对全球变化响应研究进展与展望[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(10): 1065-1072.

Xie Zichu, Zhou Zaigen, Li Qiaoyuan, Wang Shuhong. Progress and Prospects of Mass Balance Characteristic and Responding to Global Change of Glacier System in High Asia. Advances in Earth Science, 2009, 24(10): 1065-1072.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2009.10.1065        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2009/V24/I10/1065

[1] Shi Yafeng. Glaciers and Their Environments in China[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 2000.[施雅风.中国冰川与环境[M].北京:科学出版社,2000.]
[2] IAHS(ICSI)-UNEP-UNEESCO. World Glacier Inventory-Status 1988[M]. UK:IAHS Press, 1989.
[3] Russian Academy of Sciences. World Atlas of Snow and Ice\[M\].Moscow: Academy of Sciences Press,1997.
[4] Dyurgerov M B, Meier M F. Year-to-year fluctuations of global mass balance of small glaciers and their contribution to sea level changes[J].Arctic and Alpine Research, 1997, 29(4): 392-402.
[5] Kotlyakov V M, Smolyarova N A. Elsevier′s Dictionary of Glaciology[M]. Elsevier: Amsterdam-Oxford-New York-Tokyo,1990.
[6] Кренке А Н.Моссобмен В Ледниковых Системах В Территории СССР[M].Ленинград: Гидрометеоиздат,1982.
[7] Глазырин Г Е, Режим Ледниковые Системы их структура и эволюция, Ленинград[M].Москва:Гидрометеиздат,1991.
[8] Xie Zichu, Feng Qinghua, Wang Xin,et al. Modeling the response of glacier system to climate warming-taking glaciers in China as an example[J].Research of Soil and Water Conservation,2005,12(5):77-82.[谢自楚,冯清华,王欣,等.中国冰川系统变化趋势研究[J].水土保持研究,2005,12(5):77-82.]
[9] Xie Zichu, Feng Qinghua,Liu Chaohai. Modeling the variation of glacier system-Taking the southern Tibet region as an example[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2002, 24(1):16-27.[谢自楚,冯清华,刘潮海.冰川系统变化模型的研究——以西藏南部外流水系为例[J].冰川冻土,2002,24(1):16-27.]
[10] Wang Xin, Xie Zichu, Feng Qinghua, et al. Response of glaciers to climate change in the source region of the Yangtze river[J]. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2005,27(4):498-502.[王欣,谢自楚,冯清华,等.长江源区冰川对气候变化的响应[J].冰川冻土, 2005,27(4):498-502.]
[11] Li Qiaoyuan , Xie Zichu. The prediction of the glacier system′s variation under the periodical warming[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 2008, 30(4): 583-589.[李巧媛,谢自楚. 周期性升温下冰川系统的变化预测研究——以长江流域冰川系统为例[J].冰川冻土, 2008,30(4):583-589.]
[12] Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology and Geocryology, CAS .An Introduction to the Glaciers in China[M]. Beijing:Science Press, 1988.[ 中国科学院兰州冰川冻土研究所.中国冰川概论[M].北京:科学出版社,1988.]
[13] Paterson W S B. The Physics of Glaciers[M].Oxford: Pergamon, 1994.
[14] Golubev V N. Relationship between mountain glacier fluctuations and climatic events[J].Data of Glaciological Studies, 1997,82:3-12. 
[15] Kotlyakov V M. 34 Selected papers on Main Ideas of the Soviet Glaciology,1940s-1980s[M]. Moscow:1997:63-72.
[16] Wang Shuhong, Xie Zichu, Li Qiaoyuan. Comparation study of glacier variation in East and West Tianshan[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2008, 30(6): 946-954.[王淑红,谢自楚,李巧媛.近期东、西天山冰川变化的对比研究[J].冰川冻土,2008,30(6): 946-954.]
[17] Shi Yafeng,Xie Zichu. The characteristics of modern glaciers in China[J].Acta Geographica Sinica,1964,30(3):183-208.[施雅风,谢自楚.中国现代冰川的基本特征[J].地理学报, 1964,30(3): 183-208.]
[18] The Glacier Research Department of Lanzhou Institute of Glaciology, Geocryology and Desert, CAS. The basic features of glacier in Mt. Everest region southern Tibet China[J].Chinese Sciences,1974,17(4): 383-400.[中国科学院兰州冰川冻土沙漠研究所冰川研究室.我国西藏南部珠穆朗玛峰地区冰川的基本特征[J].中国科学,1974,17(4): 383-400.]
[19] Xie Zichu. Mass balance of glacier and its relationship with characteristics of glacier[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 1980,2(4):1-10.[谢自楚. 冰川物质平衡及其与冰川特征的关系[J]. 冰川冻土,1980,2(4):1-10.]
[20] Xie Zichu. Progress and prospect for research on mountain glaciers in China[J].Annals of Glaciology, 1992, 16:207-211.
[21] Xie Zichu,Ding Liangfu, Liu Chaohai,et al. Mass balance at the steady state equilibrium line[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,1996,18(1):1-9.[谢自楚,丁良福,刘潮海,等.冰川雪平衡线处的物质平衡及其应用[J].冰川冻土,1996,18(1):1-9.]
[22] Xie Zichu, Feng Qinghua. The influence of glacier fluctuation on glacier runoff in High Aisa[C]//Procceding of Fifth Chinese Conference on Glaciology and Geocryology (Vol.1). Lanzhou: Gansu Culture Press,1996:455-461.[谢自楚, 冯清华. 高亚洲冰川变化对冰川径流的影响[C]//第五届全国冰川冻土学大会论文集(上).兰州: 甘肃文化出版社,1996:455-461.]
[23] Shi Yafeng. Glaciers and Their Environments in China-The present,Past and Future\[M\]. Beijing: Science Press, 2000.[施雅风.中国冰川与环境——现在、过去与将来[M].北京:科学出版社,2000.]
[24] Shi Yafeng. Brief Glacier Inventory in China[M]. Shanghai: Shanghai Popular Science Press,2005.[施雅风.简明中国冰川目录[M].上海:上海科学普及出版社,2005.]
[25] Xie Zichu, Wang Xin, Feng Qinghua,et al. Modeling the response of glacier systems to climate warming in China[J].Annals of Glaciology, 2006, 43:313-316.
[26] Xie Zichu, Wang Xin, Kang Ersi, et al. Glacier runoff in China: An evaluation and prediction for the future 50 year[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,2006,28(4):457-466.[谢自楚,王欣,康尔泗,等.中国冰川径流的评估及其未来50a的变化趋势[J].冰川冻土,2006,28(4):457-466.]
[27] Xie Zichu, Ding Liangfu. Glacier mass balance in High-Asia and its response to climatic change[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 1996,18(S1): 4-11.[谢自楚,丁良福.高亚洲冰川物质平衡及其对气候的响应研究[J].冰川冻土,1996,18(S1):4-11.]
[28] Zhang Wenjing, Xie Zichu. New data and variations of some glaciers in the southern Tibetan[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,1981,3(4):61-64.[张文敬,谢自楚.西藏南部某些冰川近年来的变化及若干新资料[J].冰川冻土,1981,3(4):61-64.]
[29] Liu Chaohai, Xie Zichu, et al. Glaciation in Tianshan Mountains[M]. Beijing: Science Press,1998.[刘潮海,谢自楚等.天山冰川作用[M].北京:科学出版社,1998.]
[30] Xie Zichu, Seliverstov Yu P, Chestyakov K B, et al. Glaciers and their fluctuations in Mt. Mungun-Tayga[J].Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology,1995,17(2):113-119.[谢自楚,谢利维斯托夫,契斯贾可夫,等.蒙贡—台加的冰川及其变化特征[J].冰川冻土,1995,17(2):113-119.]
[31] LIGG/WECS/NEA. Report on First Expedition to Glaciers and Glacier Lakes in the Pumgu (Arun) and Poigu (Bhote-sun kosi) river basins, Xi Zang (Tibet), China:Sino-Nepalese investigation of Glacier Lake Outburst Floods in the Himalayas[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1988.
[32] Материалы Гляциологических Исследований
[33] Академия Наук СССР.Ледники Туюксу( Северный Тянь-шань)[M]. Ленинград: Гидрометеоиздад,1984.
[34] Академия Наук СССР.Ледники Актру (Алтай)[M]. Ленинград: Гидрометео-издат,1987.
[35] Академия Наук СССР.Ледник Абромва (Алайский Хребет)[M]. Ленинград: Москва Гидрометеоиздат,1980.
[36] Голубев Г Н Г.идрология Ледников[M]. Москва: Гидрометеоиздат, 1976.
[37] Xie Zichu, Seversking I V ,Zhang Zhizhong, eds. Snow and Avalanche in Tianshan Mountains[M].Changsha: Hunan Normal University Press,1996.[谢自楚,谢维尔斯基,张志忠编.天山积雪与雪崩[M].长沙:湖南师范大学出版社,1996.]
[38] Xie Zichu, Kotlyakov V M. Glaciers and Environment in Qinghai-Xizang (Tibet) Plateau[M]. Beijing: Science Press, 1994.
[39] Дюргеров М Б.Лю шаохай Се зичу (Редакторы)\[M\].Масква:Оледенение Тянь-шаня, 1995.
[40] Kotlyakov V M, et al. Glaciation in North and Central Eurasia at Present Time[M]. Moscow:Nauka,2006.
[41] Keiji Higuchi, Xie Zichu. Glaciological Studies in West Kunlun Mountains 1987[M].Japan:Nagoya University Press,1989.
[42] Yao Tandong, Shang Tianfeng,Datian Zhefu,et al. Glacier and Environment on Qinghai-Xizang Plateau[M].Beijing: Science Press,1993.[姚檀栋,上田丰,大田哲夫,等.青藏高原冰川与环境——1989中日青藏高原冰川考察研究[M].北京:科学出版社,1993.]
[43] Ageta Y,Higuchi K. Estimation of mass balance components of summer accumulation type glacier in the Nepal Himalaya[J].Geografiska Annaler,1984, 66A:249-255.
[44] Muller F. Inventory of glaciers in Mount Everest region[C]//Perennial Ice and Snow Masses. UNESCO/IAHS, 1970:47-53.
[45] Kick W. Material for a glacier inventory of the Indus drainage basin-The Nanga Parbat massif[C]//Clarke R T, ed. International Workshop on the World Glacier Inventory. Aletsch Ecological Centre, Riederalp, Ct. Valais, Switzerland, 17-22 September 1978. Proceedings. International Association of Hydrological Sciences. IAHS/AISH Publication, 1980,126:105-109.
[46] Mason K. The glacier of the Karakoram and neighborhood[J].Records of the Geological Survey of India,1930, 63:214-278.
[47] Thomson L G, Wu Xiaolin, Mosley-Thomson E, et al. Climatic records from Dunde Ice Cap, China[J].Annals Glaciology,1988,(10):178-182.
[48] Thompson L G, Yao T, Davis M E,et al. Tropical climate instability: The last glacial cycle from a Qinghai-Tibetan ice core[J]. Science,1997, 276:1 821-1 825.
[49] Bajracharga S R, Mool P K,Shrestha B R. Impact of Climate Change on Himalayan Glaciers and Glacial Lake[M]. Nepal:Kathmandu, 2007.
[50] Российская Акалемия Наук. Атлас Снежно-леловых Ресуросов Мира[M]. Москва. Том Ⅰ, Том Ⅱ,1997.
[51] Meier M F,Bahr D B.Counting Glacier; Use of Scaling Methods Estimate the Number and Size Distribution of the Glaciers of the World[R]. CRREL Special Report 96-27,US Army, Hanover,1996:89-94.
[52] Котляков В М, Грозвальд М Г, Дюргеров М В. Оледенния На Предстоящии измеиия климта. Известия А Н[J].ССРСериа Географитеская,1991,5:34-35.
[53] Котляков В М,Пебедева И М. Возможные измения Абляции ледников и Ледникового стока Высочайщих Горных стран Азин в связи с Глобальным клима та[C]//МГИ. 2000,88:3-15.
[54] Oerlemans. On the response of valley glaciers to climatic change glaciers[J].Science,1994,264(8):244-246.
[55] Wang Xin. Main Structure Characteristics and Variation of Glacier Systems Responding to Future Climate Changing in Tarim River Basin[D]. Changsha:Hunan Normal University,2003.[王欣.塔里木盆地水系冰川系统的主要结构特征及其变化趋势预测[D].长沙:湖南师范大学,2003.]
[56] Cheng Lei. The Structure Characteristics and Variation Prediction of Glacier Systems in Qinghai-Xizang Plateau Interior Area[D].Changsha:Hunan Normal University,2004.[程磊.青藏高原内陆水系各冰川系统的结构特征及变化趋势预测[D]. 长沙:湖南师范大学,2004.]
[57] Li Qiaoyuan. The Structure Characteristics and the response to the global change of Glacier Systems in the Three River Vally[D].Changsha:Hunan Normal University,2007.[李巧媛. 三江流域冰川系统结构及其变化预测[D].长沙:湖南师范大学,2007.]

[1] 卿文武, 刘俊峰, 杨钰泉, 陈仁升, 韩春坛. 基于气温的物质平衡模型的参数不确定性分析——以祁连山十一冰川为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(9): 937-945.
[2] 刘铸, 李忠勤. 近期冰川表面径流系数变化的影响因素----以天山乌鲁木齐河源1号冰川为例[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(1): 103-112.
[3] 唐学远,孙波,李院生,崔祥斌,李鑫. 南极冰盖研究最新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2009, 24(11): 1210-1218.
[4] 吴涛,康建成,王芳,郑琰明. 全球海平面变化研究新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(7): 730-737.
[5] 韩添丁;刘时银;丁永建;焦克勤. 天山乌鲁木齐河源1号冰川物质平衡特征[J]. 地球科学进展, 2005, 20(3): 298-303.
[6] 丁永建,刘时银,周文娟,炳宏涛. 北半球冰川物质平衡变化的若干特征及其气候意义[J]. 地球科学进展, 1996, 11(6): 590-596.