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地球科学进展  2006, Vol. 21 Issue (7): 730-737    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.07.0730
综述与评述     
全球海平面变化研究新进展
吴涛1,康建成1,2,王芳2,1,郑琰明2,1
1.上海师范大学城市生态与环境研究中心,上海 200234;2.华南师范大学地理科学学院,广东 广州 510631
The New Progresses on Global Sea Level Change
Wu Tao1, Kang Jiancheng1,2, Wang Fang2,1, Zheng Yanming2,1
1.Research Center of Urban Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234,China;2.College of Geographical Science, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631,China
 全文: PDF(123 KB)  
摘要:

综述了近10年来海平面变化研究的主要成果,分析了影响海平面变化的主要因素,探讨了海平面变化研究中存在的一些问题。结果表明:①近10年全球平均海平面上升幅度大约为2.5~3.84 mm/a,热膨胀是引起海平面上升的主因;②海平面变化具有时空分布差异——西太平洋和东印度洋地区上升最快,其值高出全球平均值的10倍以上;大西洋与太平洋30~40°N地区季节变化最明显;③将海平面季节高值时段与北半球热带气旋出现时间进行对比,发现每年8~10月份,在20~50°N的西北太平洋与北大西洋沿岸地区出现海平面最高值与热带气旋相叠加的全球危险海岸带,该地带包括中国大陆东部、日本沿海地区、美国东部海岸带、墨西哥湾地区和加勒比海地区。

关键词: 海平面变化海岸带冰川冰盖物质平衡沿海城市安全    
Abstract:

The research of global sea level change of the last 10 years has been comprehensively reviewed and the main results of it have been obtained:(1) the global sea level rising ratios was around 2.5 mm/a to 3.84 mm/a, and the main contribution is from the thermal expansion of sea water; (2) there were some space differences for sea level rise, and the value in the West Pacific Ocean and the East Indian Ocean was especially more 10 times higher than the global average; (3) the seasonal fluctuation of sea level was obvious in areas of the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean with north latitude 30-40 degree. When  the season of the highest sea level was compared with the term of the typhoon and hurricane occurring annually, it could be found  that there were global dangerous seacoasts, which were vulnerable by sea level rise, located in the regions of the Northwest Pacific Ocean and the North Atlantic Ocean with north latitude 20-50 degree during the seasons of Typhoon in August and October. The region includes coast areas as Chinese Mainland East Seacoast, Japanese Seacoast, American East Seacoast, Mexico Bay Seacoast and Caribbean Seacoast.

Key words: Sea level change    Seacoast    Mass balance of glacier and polar ice sheets    Coastal city safety.
收稿日期: 2006-01-09 出版日期: 2006-07-15
:  P73  
基金资助:

教育部重点科研项目“上海近海海洋水文气候环境变化过程—及对全球气候增暖响应的评估”(编号: 206051);上海市科委项目“上海区域海洋水文气候、环境的年季变化过程研究”(编号: 042512031);上海市浦江人才计划“上海海域海洋温盐过程与化学物质传输过程的研究”(编号: 05PJ14080)资助.

通讯作者: 吴涛     E-mail: sdwutao@sina.com
作者简介: 吴涛 (1979), 男, 湖南吉首人, 硕士研究生, 主要从事全球变化与城市安全研究. E-mail:sdwutao@sina.com
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引用本文:

吴涛,康建成,王芳,郑琰明. 全球海平面变化研究新进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(7): 730-737.

Wu Tao, Kang Jiancheng, Wang Fang, Zheng Yanming. The New Progresses on Global Sea Level Change. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(7): 730-737.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.07.0730        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2006/V21/I7/730

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