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地球科学进展  2016, Vol. 31 Issue (2): 137-146    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0137
综述与评述     
海岸带生态风险评价研究进展
许 妍,曹 可*,李 冕,许自舟
国家海洋环境监测中心,辽宁 大连 116023
Coastal Ecological Risk Assessment: Its Research Progress and Prospect
Xu Yan, Cao Ke*, Li Mian, Xu Zizhou
National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center, Dalian 116023, China
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摘要: 海岸带位于海陆系统交错地带,独特的区位特征使其生态风险评价既有区域生态风险评价的综合性,亦有自身的特殊性。近年来,随着沿海经济发展和海岸带生态环境的恶化,海岸带生态风险越来越受到关注,但尚缺乏有关海岸带生态风险评价深入系统的研究与总结。通过梳理和归纳现有研究成果,基于海陆相互作用和陆海统筹的思想,在充分考虑海岸带生态环境的独特性、地域性和综合性的基础上,从风险源—生境—风险受体三大基本要素对海岸带生态风险评价概念及其组分进行了科学界定,并从风险源与驱动力、风险受体与评价终点、综合评价等视角详细阐释了目前海岸带生态风险评价研究的相关主题、发展脉络和主要论点;在分析海岸带生态风险评价的特征、已有模型和方法的基础上,解析了海岸带生态风险评价的理论架构。最后分析现有研究的不足,展望未来研究趋向,为今后海岸带生态风险评价研究提供思路与参考。
关键词: 研究进展海岸带生态风险评价    
Abstract: Coastal areas are located in marine-terrestrial interlaced zone. With their unique geographical positions, the coastal ecological risk assessment has both the complexity of regional ecological risk assessment and its own particularity. In recent years, due to the coastal economic development and the deterioration of ecological environment, coastal ecological risk has received more and more attention, but there are still lacking in further systematic study about the coastal ecological risk assessment. With the summary and analysis of the existing research results from home and abroad, based on land-ocean interaction plan and full consideration of the uniqueness, regionalism and complexity of the coastal zone environment, this paper made scientific conclusion on the definition of the coastal ecological risk assessment concept and its components from risk source, habitat and risk suffer-the three basic elements. Moreover, from risk source, risk suffer and comprehensive evaluation-the three aspects, it discussed in detail the related research topics, progress as well as main conclusions. Then, it analysed the characteristics and evaluation methods, and put forward the framework model of coastal ecological risk assessment. Finally, it analysed and proposed the existing deficiencies and future research direction, providing new ideas for future research on coastal ecological risk assessment.
Key words: Ecological risk assessment    Coastal areas.    Research progress and prospect
收稿日期: 2015-10-12 出版日期: 2016-02-10
:  P748  
基金资助: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目“基于缓发型灾害的辽东湾海岸带生态风险综合测定及时空分异”(编号:41301079);国家海洋局青年海洋科学基金项目“基于隐患因素的辽东湾海岸带生态安全测度与动态模拟”(编号:2013125)资助.
通讯作者: 曹可(1978-),男,辽宁沈阳人,副研究员,主要从事海域海岸带规划管理研究.E-mail:kcao@nmemc.org.cn   
作者简介: 许妍(1981-),女,辽宁营口人,助理研究员,主要从事海岸带风险评估与生态区划研究.E-mail:yxu@nmemc.org.cn
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引用本文:

许 妍, 曹 可, 李 冕, 许自舟. 海岸带生态风险评价研究进展[J]. 地球科学进展, 2016, 31(2): 137-146.

Xu Yan, Cao Ke, Li Mian, Xu Zizhou. Coastal Ecological Risk Assessment: Its Research Progress and Prospect. Advances in Earth Science, 2016, 31(2): 137-146.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2016.02.0137        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2016/V31/I2/137

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