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地球科学进展  2006, Vol. 21 Issue (2): 192-200    DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.02.0192
“土地利用/覆盖变化与综合减灾”专辑     
海啸灾害后印度尼西亚班达阿齐市的土地覆盖变化与海岸带区域规划
Ernan Rustiadi1, Dyah R. Panuju1, B.H. Trisasongko1, Ruchyat Deni Djakapermana2
1. 印度尼西亚茂物农业大学规划与发展系区域系统分析中心,茂物 16001,印度尼西亚;2.印度尼西亚公共事业部国家空间规划理事会,茂物 16001,印度尼西亚
Land Cover Change and Coastal Spatial Zoning in Aceh-Indonesia in the Aftermath of the Tsunami
Ernan Rustiadi1, Dyah R. Panuju1, B.H. Trisasongko1, Ruchyat Deni Djakapermana2
1.Center for Regional Systems Analysis,Planning and Development(CRESTPENT),Bogor Agricultural University;2.Directorate of National Spatial Planning, Ministry of Public Works, Bogor 16001, Indonesia
 全文: PDF(271 KB)  
摘要:

    2004年12月26日,由于欧亚板块的碰撞,40年以来最大的地震灾害发生在印度洋。地震诱发的海啸影响到Nangroe Aceh Darussalam省的许多城市,包括省会城市班达阿齐。在这地区共有超过12万人死亡,100万人无家可归。基于遥感数据的分析表明,有12万亩的土地受到了灾害。在班达阿齐市,鱼塘、住宅用地和保护区的变化是这一地区最显著的土地利用/覆盖变化,受灾前后这些用地类型的面积相应的变化了61.5%、57.8% 和77.6%。目前,印度尼西亚中央政府正在计划一个新的海岸带土地利用规划,在原来密集的海岸带建立一个缓冲区(约距海岸带2 km)。政府已经要求许多海岸带的社区代表与非政府组织参与到决策的过程中。
    为了选择并采取最佳的土地利用方式,海啸灾害后的海岸带规划应该包括一些重要的基本要素。本研究主要关注作为该省社会经济活动中心的班达阿齐市。检测了由于海啸灾害造成的土地利用/覆盖变化(包括物理破坏),特别是农业用地和居住区用地的变化,并且分析了受灾村落的不同类型及灾害对社会经济活动造成的影响。此外,还为政府以及当地居民在灾后的规划中选择更为可持续的空间布局方案提出了建议。

关键词: 海啸海岸带空间规划班达阿齐市土地利用变化    
Abstract:

    On 26 December 2004 the biggest earthquake in 40 years occured between the Australian plate and Eurasian plate in the Indian Ocean. The quake triggered a tsunami (series of large waves) that spread out to several coastal cities in Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Province, including its Capital, Banda Aceh City. In this region over 120 000 lives have lost and 1 million is homeless. Based on analysis remote sensing data (preliminary report of LAPAN), more than 120 000 hm2 of land are damaged. In Banda Aceh City, the changes of fishponds, residential areas and conservation areas (mangrove and other forest) were dominated the land use/cover changes. These three land use/covers were decreased about 61.5%, 57.8% and 77.6% from the former respectively. The central government is preparing a new coastal spatial planning which promotes a buffer zone (about 2 km from the seashore) in the formerly most dense areas. Many groups of coastal communities and NGOs are asking for the involvement of local community in decision making process.     
    In order to select and adopt the best use of the land, the coastal spatial zoning in the aftermath of the tsunami should determine several basic issues. This study is focusing on Banda Aceh City as center of many socio-economic activities. This study examines the changes of land use-cover (including physical damages) due to the impact of tsunami especially for agriculture and settlement uses and analyzes the typology of affected villages based on land use/cover changes and socioeconomic aspects. Moreover, this study examines the government spatial planning in the aftermath of tsunami and the local people needs to seek some sustainable options for the future spatial arrangements.

Key words: Tsunami    Coastal    Spatial Zoning    Aceh    Land use changes
收稿日期: 2005-12-20 出版日期: 2006-02-15
:  X144  
通讯作者: Ernan Rustiadi     E-mail: ernan@indo.net.id
作者简介: Ernan Rustiadi.E-mail:ernan@indo.net.id
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引用本文:

Ernan Rustiadi,Dyah R. Panuju,B.H. Trisasongko,Ruchyat Deni Djakapermana. 海啸灾害后印度尼西亚班达阿齐市的土地覆盖变化与海岸带区域规划[J]. 地球科学进展, 2006, 21(2): 192-200.

Ernan Rustiadi,Dyah R. Panuju,B.H. Trisasongko,Ruchyat Deni Djakapermana. Land Cover Change and Coastal Spatial Zoning in Aceh-Indonesia in the Aftermath of the Tsunami. Advances in Earth Science, 2006, 21(2): 192-200.

链接本文:

http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.2006.02.0192        http://www.adearth.ac.cn/CN/Y2006/V21/I2/192

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